Cover image talking about the causes of dizziness in women

Comprehensive knowledge of all causes of dizziness in women

The causes of dizziness in women are many; Including pregnancy and anemia, or an ear infection may be the cause. Some believe that vertigo is the same as dizziness, but we have to differentiate between them as well.

Causes of dizziness in women

Dizziness is one of the most common symptoms that patients refer to doctors for, and to begin with, several similar terms must be distinguished, namely:

  • Vertigo: a feeling of the surroundings spinning around the patient or the patient's own rotation.
  • Loss of balance: the patient falls due to a defect in the signals coming to the brain from the centers of balance.
  • Dizziness: light-headedness, feeling faint and unsteady.

Each of them has a reason or several causes that lead to the emergence of these symptoms. These causes are divided according to their pathological origin and the place of injury, and we will discuss these reasons.

Dizziness due to ear disease

The ear is one of the important organs in the process of balance and maintaining the patient's posture, so most diseases that affect the inner ear lead to vertigo, such as:

BPPV

It is the most common cause of dizziness in patients, and it is more common in women and in advanced ages. This dizziness occurs when the patient gets up from his bed or when he moves his head suddenly and quickly.

One of its triggers is the occurrence of inflammation of the inner ear. benign paroxysmal position vertigo occurs due to the change in the locations of some particles in the inner ear fluids. It often resolves on its own within several days or weeks.

In the event that the patient becomes concerned, it is preferable to consult a specialist who will treat him through some controlled and deliberate movements of the head (in order to return the particles to their place) and may prescribe some medications for the persistent stubborn course of this disease.

Image showing how normal NPC occurs (a cause of dizziness in women) and how the particles move out of their position in the inner ear
Benign paroxysmal Positional Vertigo and how the particles change their positions in the inner ear, causing this disease (one of the causes of dizziness in women)

Meniere's disease

It is one of the most important causes of persistent vertigo and dizziness. It occurs due to an imbalance in the volume of inner ear fluids, which may occur as a result of meningitis or due to allergies and immune system disorders, which leads to several symptoms, the most important of which are:

  • Sudden persistent vertigo that may last several hours
  • tinnitus
  • sudden hearing loss
  • Feeling sick and vomiting

Meniere's disease begins in one ear at first and progresses over time to affect both ears. Its treatment is episodic (i.e. directed at correcting vertigo and relieving vomiting and nausea) and there are some tips such as following a low-salt diet and avoid smoking to relieve symptoms, and according to statistics, it affects women mainly more than men, so it is one of the causes of dizziness in women.

A picture showing the symptoms of Meniere's disease (a cause of dizziness in women)
Symptoms of Meniere's disease (a cause of dizziness in women)

sepsis

Which is bacterial or viral, and the injury to the inner ear nerves (which its job is to transmit balance signals to the brain) (vestibular neuritis) leads to continuous dizziness and sudden vertigo that lasts for days, accompanied by nausea and vomiting.

If the patient suffers from ringing in the ears or hearing loss in addition to persistent dizziness, the injury is at the expense of the nerves that transmit the sense of hearing to the brain (the cochlear nerve) or the labyrinth of the inner ear may be inflamed (the labyrinth is the bone and membrane that makes up the inner ear).

The treatment here is to manage the symptoms with the addition of antibiotics and antivirals, and in severe cases we may need to inject cortisone derivatives.

passenger's disease

It occurs more often in the sea, where the movement of the waves causes many different signals to reach the brain from the inner ear, resulting in vertigo, dizziness, nausea and vomiting.

Dizziness due to blood and vascular causes

Disorders in the blood, blood vessels, and blood circulation are among the most common causes of dizziness in women, especially, and it is sometimes characterized by fainting and loss of balance, and the reason here is that the brain does not get enough oxygen, including:

low blood pressure

It means the expansion of blood vessels, leading to a decrease in blood flow in them, and thus a decrease in blood flow to the brain and the occurrence of dizziness.

be some pharmaceutical One of the causes of a drop in blood pressure that leads to dizziness, and one of the most common of these causes is taking an antihypertensive drug in a patient with high arterial tension with sexual tonics (such as sildenafil), which causes severe hypotension and may be dangerous. You can read more about High blood pressure in women.

Dizziness and low blood pressure may occur in some patients when they get up quickly from a sitting position, and this condition is called Orthostatic hypotension.

Or, the reason for the drop in pressure may be not the expansion of the vessels, but the loss of blood, in the case of heavy bleedingThis condition is one of the causes of persistent dizziness in women when the menstrual cycle (menstrual bleeding or menstruation) is heavy and there is a large loss of blood.

Sometimes the cause of hypotension is a life-threatening condition such as myocardial infarction or Heart arrhythmia (i.e. the patient's feeling of palpitations in his heart) because the heart here does not pump sufficient amounts of blood to the brain, which leads to continuous dizziness.

Anemia

It is considered one of the most common causes of dizziness in women, as women, because of the menstrual cycle (menstruation) and their continuous blood loss, most of them have anemia, and anemia is diagnosed with pallor, body weakness and fatigue in addition to dizziness, and women are recommended here to eat a lot of iron-rich foods.

Carotid atherosclerosis

It means a narrowing of the carotid artery supplying the brain in the neck, which leads when the stenosis reaches severe stages to sudden dizziness and many neurological symptoms.

A picture showing the formation of atherosclerosis that leads to narrowing of the carotid artery, which reduces blood flow to the brain, causing dizziness (it may, in rare cases, be one of the causes of dizziness in women)
Atherosclerosis leads to narrowing of the carotid artery, which reduces blood flow to the brain, causing dizziness (more common in men, but may be one of the causes of dizziness in women)

Dizziness due to hormonal and metabolic causes

Changes in hormones (especially in women) and metabolic disorders in the human body are a major cause of dizziness, the most important of which are:

pregnancy

Pregnancy is one of the causes of dizziness in women because in the first trimester of pregnancy they have many changes in hormones, causing dizziness and vomiting.

In the second and third trimesters of pregnancy, especially when the patient’s abdomen is large, lying on the back will put pressure on the main vessels behind the uterus, which will impede blood flow and cause dizziness. Therefore, pregnant women are advised to lie on the left side.

low blood sugar

It causes severe dizziness with excessive sweating and nervousness, usually occurs in patients with diabetes Those who mistakenly or intentionally took an overdose of the drug to lower blood sugar, in rare cases, there may be an insulin secreting tumor that lowers blood sugar, or the patient may not eat for a long time and his sugar decreases.

A picture showing the symptoms of hypoglycemia (one of the causes of dizziness in women)
Symptoms of hypoglycemia (a cause of dizziness in women)

Dizziness due to neural causes

Neurological causes are among the most important causes of dizziness in women, and tend to co-exist with other symptoms depending on the causative disease, such as headaches, weakness, muscle spasms, nausea, and many others.

migraine

Women with migraine suffer from excessive sensitivity to bright light and loud sound, which leads to blurred vision and migraine headaches.

Migraine affects women more than men and leads to dizziness due to blurred vision and headaches. Therefore, it is considered one of the causes of dizziness in women. It is treated through some medications designated in the event of a migraine attack, and other drugs are given to prevent these attacks.

A picture showing the symptoms of migraine (one of the causes of dizziness in women)
Migraine symptoms (a cause of dizziness in women)

Excessive nervousness and excessive anxiety

They lead to a very rapid breathing, which causes an imbalance in the patient's blood gases, and thus dizziness. Such causes are common among young women. The treatment here is to calm the person and make him breathe normally.

acoustic neuroma

Here the patient suffers dizziness (vertigo), ringing in the ears, hearing loss and facial numbness, which may arise due to genetic mutations and is treated by surgical removal. This tumor is considered a benign type.

An image showing the location of the acoustic neuroma (a cause of dizziness in women)
Acoustic neuroma (a cause of dizziness in women)

Severe head trauma

Which causes brain damage or profuse bleeding that leads to dizziness, fainting, and may even lead to death in the absence of quick aid to the injured.

Dizziness of cervical origin

The presence of dizziness with persistent neck pain is directed at a disease called cervicogenic dizziness, which is caused by an old injury to the neck that causes damage to the cervical spinal cord, impairing the passage of signals from the peripheral balance organs to the brain.

There are also many causes of nervous dizziness, which we will mention, including:

  • transient cerebral ischemia
  • Cerebral infarction (thrombosis)
  • brain tumors
  • Multiple Sclerosis

Other causes of dizziness

No matter how long we take, we will not be able to include all the causes of dizziness, as they overlap with many diseases, and the detection of the cause is done according to the other accompanying symptoms, but among the important causes of dizziness there are also:

Carbon monoxide poisoning

It is a toxic gas produced by incomplete combustion of materials and inhaled causes dizziness, vomiting, confusion, chest pain, and headache.

Severe fever and dehydration

They lead to a lack of fluid from the body and a drop in pressure may occur, which leads to confusion, headache and dizziness. Severe vomiting and profuse diarrhea also lead to dehydration and thus dizziness.

Vision disorders in the eyes and drinking alcohol also lead to dizziness, and here the reason is clear to the patient, but there are cases where taking a drug is the cause of dizziness attacks, and the most common of these pharmaceutical:

  • diuretics
  • aspirin
  • aminoglycoside antibiotics (eg gentamycin)
  • Some cancer medicines

If you experience any of the above symptoms or have persistent dizziness Contact Bimaristan Medical Center To receive the appropriate treatment advice for you.


Sources:

  1. BetterHealth
  2. healthdirect
  3. UCSF Health

Common Questions

In general, dizziness is a transient symptom that does not last for a long time, but when it becomes continuous or accompanied by a feeling of rapid heartbeat or after a strong blow that may have led to internal bleeding, dizziness here may be a dangerous indicator.

Psychological dizziness is caused by anxiety and tension, which leads to a rapid breathing of the patient, so the oxygen in his blood increases and the carbon dioxide decreases, which leads to dizziness. The treatment here is to calm the patient and make him breathe normally.

Organic dizziness caused by a specific disease due to a malfunction in the function of one of the organs or systems of the body.

One of the causes of dizziness in women with nausea may be changes in hormones in the premenstrual period or early pregnancy (hormonal changes here include estrogen and progesterone mainly for pregnant women).

This condition is called orthostatic hypotension, and it is caused by the patient's not rising in the blood pressure appropriately for his movement while standing from a sitting position, and he becomes dizzy for several seconds.

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