Causes of excessive sweating and how to treat it

Causes of excessive sweating

There are many causes of excessive sweating, and some of them are treatable. It is certain that excessive sweating causes you some kind of inconvenience, so what are its causes and how to treat it permanently in Turkey.

Hyperhidrosis may occur for pathological reasons such as hyperthyroidism (secondary sweating), and it may be unknown or hereditary (primary sweating), so investigation of the causes is important for the possibility of treating and eliminating the condition. 

 Causes and types of excessive sweating

Sweating is one of the body's natural means of cooling. When the weather temperature rises, sweating increases, as well as when exercising and strenuous physical exercises.

A person may suffer from excessive sweating from one of the areas of his body, such as the armpits, face, hands, and feet, and then he is known as focal (primary) hyperhidrosis, one of the most common Causes of primary hyperhidrosis:

  • Increase the effectiveness of the sympathetic system in the body due to emotional factors such as stress, anxiety and emotion.
  • Eating certain foods such as spices, chocolate, peanuts, coffee and inhaling certain smells.

People may sweat excessively from all parts of the body due to metabolic disorders that raise the temperature in the body. This condition is called generalized (secondary) hyperhidrosis. One of the most important Causes of secondary sweating:

We conclude from the foregoing that the case of increased primary sweating does not have a clear cause, but is a group of predisposing factors that are believed to be hereditary in the patient, while the case of secondary sweating results from pathological causes that can be known and treated.

Causes of excessive sweating
Causes of excessive sweating

Reasons for increased sweating in women

Sweating increases in females for natural reasons due to hormonal changes. One of the reasons for increased sweating in women is the hot flashes that follow menopause. 

Excessive sweating may occur in pregnant women for several reasons, including: high pressure the bloodHormone fluctuation, weight gain, anxiety and psychological stress. There is no need to worry about excessive sweating during pregnancy, as it is normal and rarely warns of an underlying disease.

One of the common causes of excessive sweating in women is hyperactivity in the thyroid gland. Women suffer from this disease more frequently than men.

Do not forget the psychological factors that play a major role in increased perspiration. Emotion and tension increase the effectiveness of the sympathetic nervous system responsible for increasing body perspiration.

Causes of excessive sweating in men

Many men around the world suffer from excessive sweating. According to a study conducted in the United States of America, 5% men suffer from hyperhidrosis.

Men sweat more than women because their sweat glands are more active, in addition to the fact that the internal temperature of a man's body is higher due to the presence of greater muscle mass.

Studies have indicated that low levels of the male hormone (testosterone) are related to the occurrence of severe night sweats in men.

An important cause of increased secondary sweating in males is disease AcromegalyThis disease occurs when the secretion of growth hormone increases from the pituitary gland, which leads to a physical enormity in the patient, causing him to sweat excessively.

There are many secondary causes of excessive sweating in men and they were mentioned earlier in our article. As for primary sweating, it is also common and often associated with the presence of disorders or psychological problems such as constant anxiety and tension.

Causes of excessive sweating during sleep

Some people suffer from excessive night sweating during sleeping hours, so they wake up and find their clothes and pillow full of sweat. There are many conditions that lead to night sweats, including:

  • low blood sugar
  • Psychological problems such as anxiety
  • Take some medications such as antidepressants and pain relievers
  • Hormone replacement therapy
  • immune disorders
  • Carcinoid tumors
  • Osteomyelitis
  • Pheochromocytoma
  • Abuse of alcohol or drugs
  • Reaching menopause in women

Treatment of excessive sweating without surgery

With regard to cases of excessive secondary sweating, the treatment focuses on solving the problems that cause excessive sweating, such as managing the problem of hyperactivity in the thyroid gland, and through this it is possible to get rid of hyperhidrosis permanently.

As for the primary hyperhidrosis, treatment often depends on relieving the symptoms of the disease and avoiding the triggers for the occurrence of sweating. Among the methods of treating primary excessive sweating are:

Life style change

Making some adjustments to the daily routine helps to reduce excessive sweating in its mild stages, and these changes are as follows:

  • Wear loose-fitting clothing and avoid tight-fitting clothing
  • Avoid eating too much spicy food
  • Wear shoes made of leather or canvas instead of synthetics
  • Avoid intense and continuous exposure to sunlight
  • Frequent showers with cold water

Antiperspirants

It works by blocking the ducts of the sweat glands, which makes your body stop producing sweat. The doctor may prescribe an antiperspirant that contains aluminum chloride, which has a better effect than the antiperspirants available in pharmacies that are sold without a prescription.

These materials are available in the form of sprays or creams that have a gel texture. The use of these preparations may result in some side effects such as skin irritation at the place of application of the medicine.

Anticholinergic drugs

This method is used to manage more severe cases of excessive sweating. These drugs work by inhibiting the action of acetylcholine, a chemical messenger that stimulates the activity of the sweat glands.

Acetylcholinesterase blockers may take up to two weeks to start working, and they can cause several side effects such as constipation, dizziness, dry mouth, and blurred vision due to inhibition of lacrimation.

Iontophoresis

When previous treatments fail to manage excessive sweating, a dermatologist may resort to what is known as iontophoresis.

This method is characterized by its effectiveness in the treatment of excessive sweating of the hands or feet and to a lesser extent in the armpits. It is done by dipping the hands or feet in a water container containing at the bottom a device that emits electrical charges. These charges work over time to block the sweat glands.

This method is usually not painful, but some patients may feel a tingling sensation or skin irritation.

How to use iontophoresis to treat hyperhidrosis
Iontophoresis technique used in the treatment of excessive sweating

 Botox

Recently popular use Botox As one of the most important treatments used in cosmetic medicine, it is also used in the treatment of hyperhidrosis, especially in the armpits.

It works by blocking the signals sent from the nervous system to the sweat glands, which leads to a decrease in the amount of sweat secreted.

Botox is injected into the area affected by excessive sweating, and after an estimated period of 30 to 45 minutes from the injection, sweat glands stop functioning. This stoppage lasts an average of 6 months, so we will need to re-injection again.

Botox injections in the palm of the hand to treat excessive sweating
Botox injections for the treatment of hyperhidrosis

How to treat excessive sweating permanently in Turkey

When non-surgical means fail to treat hyperhidrosis and the person seriously wants to get rid of this problem, the option of surgery can be discussed.

Laparoscopic surgery to treat excessive sweating

The principle of the operation is to cut off the innervation of the sympathetic system responsible for stimulating the sweat glands. It is used to treat hyperhidrosis of the hands, face, and armpits. It is rarely used for hyperhidrosis of the feet, due to the possibility of its association with serious side effects such as loss of sexual function.

The operation is performed under general anesthesia by making surgical incisions around the chest area. The surgeon inserts the scope and surgical instruments through the incisions in order to obtain a clear view of the sympathetic ganglia series responsible for the innervation of the sweat glands.

Then the surgeon removes a section of this chain, which reduces excessive sweating. This surgery involves some risks that will be explained in detail by the medical staff before deciding on the operation. You can read more about Hyperhidrosis treatment in Turkey.

This procedure is a suitable option for many patients who want to solve the problem of excessive sweating, and the procedure has been successfully performed for many people through the Bimaristan Medical Center. If you want to inquire about more information, you can contact us.

As a summary of the above, the appropriate treatment depends on the causes of excessive sweating in a person. Knowing the cause is the first step, and then comes a discussion of the options available to each patient by the specialist doctor. There is no need to hide the problem of excessive sweating and pretend that it does not exist for fear of the looks of society, as it is one of the common problems among many. of persons.


Sources:

  1. Johns hopkins
  2. Medical News Today
  3. Stanford medicine

Common Questions

Excessive sweating in the scalp area is one of the reactions in the human body to an increase in ambient temperature or when strenuous exercise is exercised.

Stress and psychological pressure may lead to bouts of severe sweating in the head, in addition to the fact that some diseases such as diabetes and heart problems are related to excessive sweating, in addition to the fact that the period of menopause in females is also one of the causes of excessive sweating.

A child may sweat more for many reasons, including:

  • infections
  • High blood pressure
  • Side effect of some medicines
  • Congenital heart defects
  • Increased thyroid activity

Excessive sweating with a cold body may be a symptom of fever due to a bacterial or viral infection. Low blood pressure and low blood sugar are also causes of severe sweating with coldness.

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