Symptoms of diabetes and how to treat it in Turkey

Early symptoms of diabetes

Knowing the early symptoms of diabetes helps in detecting the disease early, as the most common symptoms of diabetes are frequent urination and thirst, type 2 diabetes is the most common type.

Early symptoms of diabetes

You may be wondering what are the symptoms of diabetes and what is the difference between type 2 diabetes and type 1 diabetes, are the symptoms of diabetes in women similar to the symptoms of diabetes in children or men.

Diabetes has become the disease of the century and one of the most common chronic diseases, according to what indicated. by United Nations Organization More than 400 million people around the world have diabetes.

The incidence of diabetes increases with time, depending on the prevalence of obesity around the world, and the increase in the prevalence of type 2 diabetes has been associated with an increase in the prevalence of obesity.

Early symptoms of diabetes may be subtle and unclear, so it is important to be aware of the common symptoms of diabetes, so that diabetes treatment can be started early.

The symptoms seen in type 1 diabetes are somewhat similar to the symptoms of type 2 diabetes. Knowing the symptoms and signs of diabetes helps in detecting diabetes without lab test, but it is not possible to confirm and make a final diagnosis without a glucose test to calculate the amount of high blood sugar in the body .

Symptoms of diabetes that are seen in patients, and the most important of these symptoms are thirst and frequent polyuria
Early symptoms of diabetes

Symptoms of diabetes in women

There are many common symptoms of diabetes in both men and women, whether it is type 1 or type 2 diabetes, and they are:

  • extreme hunger and thirst
  • frequent urination
  • blurred vision
  • nausea
  • Wounds that don't heal
  • Frequent skin infections
  • bad breath (smell of acetone)
  • Feeling numb in the hands or feet

while the Symptoms of diabetes in women are:

Symptoms of diabetes in children

Diabetes in children is often caused by type 1 diabetes.

We mention the most importantEarly symptoms of diabetes in children:

  • extreme thirst
  • Frequent urination and bed wetting while sleeping
  • weight loss
  • Agitation and changes in behavior
  • bad breath

Symptoms of diabetes in men

As we know, diabetes is a chronic disease that occurs when the body fails to reduce the level of sugar in the blood, which leads to high levels of sugar that lead to some complications.

In addition to the common symptoms of diabetes such as thirst and frequent urination, we mention:Symptoms of diabetes only seen in men:

  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Decreased sexual desire due to the neurological effects of diabetes
  • Fungal penile infection (due to excess sugar in the blood moving to the urethra, where it forms a suitable environment for the growth of fungi)
  • Weakness of the muscular structure
  • Retrograde ejaculation (reverse ejaculation of semen into the bladder)
  • Urinary tract infections

Early diagnosis of diabetes

The diagnosis of diabetes is necessary to distinguish between the symptoms of type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes so that the appropriate treatment can be selected for patients with diabetes.

The correct diagnosis of diabetes also helps to distinguish between diabetes insipidus and diabetes mellitus, where the symptoms of diabetes insipidus are somewhat similar to those of early diabetes.

Diabetes insipidus is a rare medical condition characterized by frequent urination and excessive thirst due to a deficiency of antidiuretic hormone secreted by the pituitary gland.

Its symptoms are similar to diabetes, so it is not possible to definitively rely on the symptoms and signs to diagnose diabetes.

Diabetes is diagnosed at the beginning by titration of blood sugar, if high sugar may indicate diabetes, sugar must be re-checked several times before making a final diagnosis.

Blood sugar level is measured by:

fasting glucose test

The patient is asked to fast for at least 8 hours before the test, after which a blood sample is taken and the sugar level is measured.

Random (non-fasting) blood sugar test

This test is performed at any time without the need to fast before it and is less useful and sensitive than the fasting glucose test.

Glycated hemoglobin test

this test calculates the percentage of glucose compound with hemoglobin in the blood for the last 3 months. There is no need to fast before the test, and it is considered a good test when people are unable to fast.

How to treat diabetes

Diabetes is one of the most common diseases of the current era, it develops slowly and causes serious complications if left untreated, so it is necessary to investigate the symptoms of diabetes at its beginning so that the management can be done quickly.

The severity of symptoms depends on the amount of high blood sugar, if the sugar rises slightly, the person may not suffer from any symptoms.

Glucose levels can be kept under control with lifestyle modifications such as a sugar-free diet and regular exercise.

Diabetic patients should check High blood pressure Because of its negative effects, it exacerbates the symptoms of diabetes and leads to serious complications.

Medicines for treating diabetes vary according to the type of disease, where type 1 diabetes is treated by giving insulin injections, type 2 diabetes is treated through oral anti-diabetic drugs.

Diabetes medications mainly aim to control glucose levels in the blood. You must pay attention to the dosage of the drug and follow the doctor’s instructions, because taking an additional amount of the drug may lead to low blood sugar .

Recently Stem cell therapy for diabetes has been performed and may lead to a complete recovery for type 1 diabetes.

the sources:

  1. CDC
  2. American diabetes Association
  3. Mayoclinic

Frequently Asked Questions

The cause of the occurrence of type 2 diabetes is the increase in insulin resistance in the body, where insulin secretion remains within normal limits, but the body resists insulin, this pattern is seen especially in people who suffer from obesity and is more common than the first type. Oral anti-diabetic drugs.

As for the first type of diabetes, insulin deficiency occurs as a result of damage to the beta cells inside the pancreas that are responsible for secreting the hormone insulin to the body. The symptoms of diabetes are more severe in the first type, and type 1 diabetes is treated through insulin injections.

Diabetes during pregnancy leads to symptoms that do not appear clearly sometimes, such as nausea, feeling hungry or thirsty more than usual, in addition to urinating frequently and feeling tired, which may be difficult to distinguish from the normal fatigue associated with early symptoms of pregnancy.

Some other symptoms may appear in women related to the symptoms of diabetes during pregnancy, such as weight gain more than normal pregnancy, dry mouth, or suffering from infectious diseases that affect the skin, vagina or bladder.

First, the cause of high blood sugar must be known, as there are many reasons that may lead to an increase in sugar for non-diabetics, such as the presence of hormonal diseases such as Cushing's disease (adrenal hyperactivity) or polycystic ovary disease in females, and the cause may be caused by some medications taken such as diuretics and steroids, in addition to obesity And the lack of motor activity may raise the level of sugar in a non-diabetic person.

Management depends on treating the underlying cause and preferably making healthy lifestyle modifications such as getting regular exercise and abstaining from smoking and alcohol.


One of the signs of insulin resistance on the skin is the appearance of yellow, red, or brown spots on different areas of the body. In addition, some notice dark areas of the skin and may also see skin ulcers that grow suddenly in different places. Recurrent skin infections may also be evidence of increased insulin resistance. .

There are two types of diabetes, the second type of diabetes is an increase in insulin resistance in the body, while the first type is related to the lack of insulin secretion.

Diabetes in young people is often of the first type, and the main cause of diabetes in young people is still not clearly understood. Scientists say that the cause is due to an immune disorder where the body’s immunity attacks the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas.

The secretion of saliva is related to the level of blood sugar, when blood sugar rises, as is the case in diabetes, the secretion of saliva decreases, which leads to dry mouth.

Patients with cumulative high blood sugar have several symptoms, the most important of which are: hunger and thirst, general fatigue, nausea, blurred vision, and urinary tract infections.

As a result of excessive high blood sugar in diabetic patients, the body stores excess sugar as fat, which increases weight.

Symptoms are similar to what they are in children and adults. Symptoms of diabetes appear at the beginning, such as hunger, thirst, general fatigue, blurred vision and nausea.

Diabetes may lead to complications that differ from one patient to another. Kidney function may be disturbed, in addition to problems and disorders of the blood vessels and nerves. These complications result from the excessive accumulation of sugar (glucose) within the cells of the body without detecting early signs of diabetes, which causes the development of symptoms of diabetes. Slowly, it leads to complications that may affect human life, such as diabetic foot amputation and symptoms that warn of heart disease.

If you are planning for treatment in Turkey
you can talk to us here.

If you are planning for treatment in Turkey
you can talk to us here.