Knowing the symptoms of diabetes at its beginning helps to detect it early, as the most common symptoms of diabetes are frequent urination and thirst, and type 2 diabetes is the most common type.
Overview of diabetes symptoms
You may be wondering what are the symptoms of diabetes and what is the difference between type 2 diabetes and type 1 diabetes, are the symptoms of diabetes in women similar to the symptoms of diabetes in children or men.
To answer these questions, follow the following article.
Diabetes has become known as the disease of the century, where diabetes, or otherwise known as diabetes mellitus, is considered one of the most common chronic diseases, according to what was indicated by the WHO. global health More than 400 million people around the world have diabetes.
The incidence of infection increases over time, as the incidence of diabetes increases depending on the prevalence of obesity around the world, and the increase in the prevalence of type 2 diabetes has been associated with an increase in the prevalence of obesity.
Early symptoms of diabetes may be subtle and unclear, so it is important for a person to be aware of the common symptoms of diabetes so that early diabetes treatment can be started.
The symptoms seen in type 1 diabetes are somewhat similar to the symptoms of type 2 diabetes. Knowing the symptoms and signs of diabetes helps in detecting diabetes without analysis, but it is not possible to confirm and make a final diagnosis without performing a glucose analysis to calculate the amount of high blood sugar in the body .
Symptoms of diabetes in women
There are many common symptoms of diabetes in both men and women, whether type 1 or type 2 diabetes, and they are:
- Symptoms of extreme hunger and thirst
- frequent urination
- blurred vision
- Wounds that don't heal
- Frequent skin infections
- bad breath or the smell of acetone
- Feeling numb or numb in the hands or feet
while you are Symptoms of diabetes in women she:
- Frequent vaginal infections
- Vaginal itching or pain in the vaginal area
- Urinary tract infections are more common in women
- Problems in the marital relationship such as painful intercourse and low sexual desire
- Oral thrush (white patches in the mouth)
- Illness polycystic ovaries (Where the incidence of this disease increases due to the increase in insulin resistance)
Symptoms of diabetes in children
Diabetes in children is often caused by symptoms of type 1 diabetes, and type 2 is naturally more common in adults.
We mention the most importantSymptoms of diabetes in children:
- extreme thirst
- Frequent urination and bed wetting while sleeping
- weight loss
- Agitation and changes in behavior
- bad breath
Symptoms of diabetes in men
As we know, diabetes is a chronic disease that occurs when the body fails to reduce the level of sugar in the blood, which leads to high levels of sugar that lead to the emergence of symptoms and complications if the sugar is not controlled to good levels.
In addition to the common and common symptoms of diabetes such as thirst and frequent urination, we mention:Symptoms of diabetes in men:
- Erectile dysfunction during marital relationship
- Decreased sexual desire due to the neurological effects of diabetes
- Fungal penile infection (due to excess sugar in the blood moving to the urethra, where it forms a suitable environment for the growth of fungi)
- Weakness of the muscular structure
- Retrograde ejaculation (reverse ejaculation of semen into the bladder)
- Urinary tract infections
Diagnosis of diabetes
A diagnosis of diabetes is necessary to distinguish between the symptoms of type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes so that the appropriate treatment modality can be selected for patients with diabetes.
The correct diagnosis of diabetes also helps to distinguish between diabetes insipidus and diabetes mellitus, where the symptoms of diabetes insipidus are somewhat similar to those of diabetes.
Diabetes insipidus is a rare medical condition characterized by frequent urination and excessive thirst due to a deficiency of antidiuretic hormone secreted by the pituitary gland.
Its symptoms are similar to diabetes, so it is not possible to rely definitively on the symptoms and signs of infection to diagnose diabetes.
Diabetes is diagnosed through titration of blood sugar, if high blood sugar may indicate diabetes, sugar must be checked several times before making a final diagnosis.
The blood sugar level is determined by the following:
fasting glucose analysis
The person is asked to fast from food and drink for at least 8 hours before the test, after which a blood sample is taken and the sugar level is determined.
Random (non-fasting) blood sugar analysis
This test is performed at any time without the need to fast before it and is less useful and sensitive than the fasting glucose test.
Glycated hemoglobin test
On average, this test calculates the percentage of glucose associated with hemoglobin in the blood in the last 3 months. There is no need to fast before the test, and it is considered a good test when people are unable to fast.
Diabetes is one of the most common diseases of the current era that develops slowly and causes serious complications if left untreated, so it is necessary to investigate the early warning signs of diabetes in order to be managed quickly.
The appearance of symptoms depends on the amount of high blood sugar, if the sugar rises slightly, the person may not suffer from any symptoms.
Glucose levels can be kept under control with lifestyle modifications such as a sugar-free diet and regular exercise.
A diabetic patient should investigate high blood pressure because of its negative effects that exacerbate the symptoms of diabetes and lead to dangerous complications.
Diabetes treatment medications vary according to the type of disease. Type 1 diabetes is treated by giving insulin injections, while type 2 diabetes is treated with oral medications.
Medicines for diabetes mainly aim to control glucose levels in the blood. You must pay attention to the dose of the drug and follow the doctor's instructions, because taking an additional amount of the drug may lead to low blood sugar and loss of consciousness.
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Frequently asked questions about diabetes symptoms
What is the difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes?
The cause of the occurrence of type 2 diabetes is the increase in insulin resistance in the body, where insulin secretion remains within normal limits, but the body resists insulin, this pattern is seen especially in people who suffer from obesity and is more common than the first type. Oral anti-diabetic drugs.
As for the first type of diabetes, insulin deficiency occurs as a result of damage to the beta cells inside the pancreas that are responsible for secreting the hormone insulin to the body. The symptoms of type 1 diabetes are treated through insulin injections.
What are the symptoms caused by gestational diabetes?
Diabetes during pregnancy leads to symptoms that do not appear clearly sometimes, such as nausea, feeling hungry or thirsty more than usual, in addition to urinating frequently and feeling tired, which may be difficult to distinguish from the normal fatigue associated with early symptoms of pregnancy.
Some other symptoms may appear in women related to the symptoms of diabetes during pregnancy, such as weight gain more than normal pregnancy, dry mouth, or suffering from infectious diseases that affect the skin, vagina or bladder.
What are the complications of diabetes mellitus?
Diabetes may lead to complications that differ from one patient to another. Kidney function may be disturbed, in addition to problems and disorders of the blood vessels and nerves. These complications result from the excessive accumulation of sugar (glucose) within the cells of the body without detecting early signs of diabetes, which causes the development of symptoms of diabetes. Slowly, it leads to complications that may affect human life, such as diabetic foot amputation and symptoms that warn of heart disease.