Fluorine and its role in strengthening teeth

Dental fluoride: Learn about its benefits and harms

Dental fluoride is a natural mineral in many foods and drinking water. It has a role in strengthening teeth and preventing cavities and sensitivity. Its percentage of water varies from one region to another.

Dental fluoride is called a cavity fighter because this natural mineral plays a role in preventing tooth decay by making the surfaces of our teeth known as enamel more resistant to decay and stronger.

Dental fluoride makes the enamel more resistant to plaque and sugar-bacteria acid attacks.

Do you know with us what is dental fluoride? What are its benefits and harms? How is it applied?

What are the benefits of fluoride for teeth?

Dental fluoride has a significant role in the health of your teeth by supporting the enamel, making it more resistant to decay. Fluoride re-hardens the enamel of your teeth, which helps calm Tooth sensitivityand reduces the amount of acid produced by oral germs on your teeth.

Every day, minerals are added and lost from the tooth enamel through two processes: demise and remineralization. Minerals dissolve in the tooth enamel when the enamel is attacked by acids consisting of plaque bacteria and sugars in the oral cavity.

Minerals such as fluoride, calcium and phosphate are re-deposited and built up in enamel from the food and water consumed. Excessive demineralization without sufficient remineralization to repair enamel leads to tooth decay.

In children under the age of 6, fluoride enters the formation of permanent teeth, making it difficult for acids to demineralize them. Dental fluoride also helps speed up their remineralization process and also works to disrupt the production of harmful acids.

Children who get dental fluoride during their teething period have shallower tooth gutters and can easily clean them of plaque. Plaque is a thin, sticky film of bacteria that constantly forms on your teeth.

Studies conducted by researchers for more than 60 years have shown that water supply BYfluorine Reduces cavities by 40 to 60 percent.

Where can I find dental fluoride?

Fluoride is added to drinking water and is found in many foods and beverages, such as fish and tea. Some countries add fluoride to table salt and milk instead of the water supply.

One cup of tea can contain between 0.3 and 0.5 milligrams of dental fluoride. Your teeth will also benefit from calcium if you drink it with milk. It is best to drink tea without sugar to reduce the risk of tooth decay.

Getting 0.7 to 1.2 parts of fluoride per million parts of water has been shown to have an adequate effect.

It can also be applied in dental clinics professionally in the form of a gel called Bfluoride varnish.

The application of fluoride varnish to the teeth is done in the clinic
Applying fluoride varnish with a brush in the dental office

Fluoride toothpaste: The percentage of fluoride in the toothpaste

Most Types of toothpaste contain fluoride because of its role in caries prevention.Caries prevention.

Thought to use Fluoride toothpaste In areas with fluoridated water it provides additional protection for both bones and teeth.

All children up to the age of three should brush with toothpaste with a fluoride level of at least 1000 ppm, and after the age of three, they should use toothpaste containing 1350 ppm to 1500 ppm.

Parents should also supervise their children's brushing and use of a pea-sized smear of fluoride toothpaste until they are about seven years old.

Spit it out after brushing your teeth with the paste and do not rinse it because the fluoride stays in will protect your teeth for a longer period.

How do I get extra dental fluoride?

Children living in poor areas where the water supply is not fluoridated can suffer from tooth decay Five times more than children living in areas with fluoridated water, as adding fluoride prevents cavities.

There is a stronger type of dental fluoride that comes in the form of a dental varnish or gel. The dentist applies this type. Children and adults can benefit from this substance, which helps prevent tooth decay, especially for those who suffer from dry mouth.

Dentists may also advise when treating to use toothpaste that contains a higher level of fluoride for better protection.

What is fluoride poisoning?

Dental fluoride poisoning occurs when large doses of fluoride are taken while teeth are developing.

This can happen when children under 7 take an unstudied amount of fluoride supplements and live in areas with fluoridated water. It can also happen when children swallow toothpaste.

Fluorosis appears in the form of wonderful pearly white lines or spots on the surface of the teeth. This mild fluorosis can often only be detected by a dental expert and is not removable so it is usually hidden byDental veneersThis cosmetic treatment is available at the Bimaristan Center, to get a cosmetic smile with the most skilled specialists in Turkey, you can contact us.

Severe fluorosis can cause pitting and discoloration of tooth enamel. Fortunately, severe fluorosis is rare.

Excessive intake of fluoride and its incorrect use may cause white pigmentation called dental fluorosis
We notice areas of white pigmentation on the teeth caused by excessive intake of fluoride

When is dental fluoride necessary?

Infants and children between 6 months and 16 years must be exposed to fluoride, the time frame in which deciduous and permanent teeth emerge.

Adults can benefit from fluorides. Topical fluoride from toothpaste tubes, mouthwashes, and fluoride treatments also have benefits in fighting cavities and strengthening erupting teeth.

Also, people with certain conditions are at greater risk of developing caries. They would benefit from additional fluoride treatment, including people with:

Cases of dry mouth

A dry mouth is caused by diseases such as Sjogren's syndrome and certain medications such as allergy medications, antihistamines, anti-anxiety medications, and antidepressants. High blood pressure orRadiotherapy The head and neck make a person vulnerable to caries.

A lack of saliva makes it difficult to clean food particles and neutralize acids.

Gum disease

Gum disease, also called periodontitis, can expose the teeth and their roots to bacteria, which increases the chance of tooth decay. Gingivitis is an early stage of periodontitis.

Frequent caries

If you only have cavities every year or every two years, additional fluoride application will be beneficial as it prevents cavities and hardens the outer layer.

Presence of crowns, bridges, or braces

These treatments can put the tooth at risk of decay when it meets the crown To the underlying structure of the tooth or around the brackets of the appliances orthodontics.

Ask your dentist if you could benefit from the additional application of fluoride to prevent cavities and sensitivity.

What are the risks and harms of fluoride to the teeth?

Fluoride is considered safe and effective when used as directed, but it can be dangerous at higher doses. The toxic dose level varies based on an individual's weight. For this reason, parents must carefully supervise their children's fluoride containing products use. And to keep fluoride products out of the reach of children, especially children under 6 years of age.

Excess fluoride can cause enamel defects that range from barely noticeable white spots or lines to cosmetically unacceptable brown discoloration.

These defects are known as fluorosis and occur when teeth usually form in children under 6.

Fluorosis when it occurs is associated with natural fluoride such as that found in well water, so if you are not sure about the mineral content of the water, especially fluoride, you should perform a water sample test.

Dental stains caused by fluorosis cannot be removed with a dental cleaning. Still, your dentist may be able to lighten and remove these stains with abrasives or potent bleaching agents such as those used in toothpaste. Laser teeth whitening.

However, it is very difficult to reach dangerous levels due to the low levels of fluoride in household products containing fluoride. If you have concerns or questions about the amount of fluoride you or your child may receive, talk to your dentist, pediatrician, or family doctor.

Some helpful reminders about fluoride include:

  • Keep fluoride supplements out of the reach of young children Avoid flavored toothpaste as they encourage swallowing the toothpaste Use just a pea-sized amount of fluoridated toothpaste on your child's toothbrush
  • Avoid flavored toothpastes as they encourage swallowing of the toothpaste
  • Use just a pea-sized amount of fluoridated toothpaste on your child's toothbrush


  1. healthline
  2. NHS
  3. ADA
  4. NIDCR

Frequently Asked Questions

All water contains some fluoride. Your local water supplier can tell you how much dental fluoride is in your drinking water.

The amount of dental fluoride added to the water varies depending on the area in which you live.

Toothpaste rich in fluoride, fluoridated water, salt and milk have positive benefits in protecting teeth and helping to prevent cavities without causing any harmful side effects to the general health of the body, as long as this is done in controlled quantities without excessive exposure to it.

When taking unconsidered doses of fluoride during the growth of the teeth, fluorosis may occur, which is characterized by the appearance of stains and pigmentation on the teeth.

Fluoride is found in foods and water and can be applied directly to the teeth through fluoride toothpastes and mouthwashes.

In dental clinics, fluoride treatments can also be applied to the teeth as a gel, foam, or coating. Fluoride supplements are also available in the form of liquids and tablets, and they must be prescribed by the doctor.

The thing is that these treatments contain a much higher level of dental fluoride than the amount found in toothpaste and mouthwash.

If you are planning for treatment in Turkey
you can talk to us here.

If you are planning for treatment in Turkey
you can talk to us here.