Oral health isn't just about your teeth. Sores or irritation can occur in and around the mouth. In this article, learn about potential causes and treatment options for mouth ulcers.
Oral ulcers come in several different types and can have a number of causes.
What are mouth ulcers?
Oral ulcers are small lesions look In the form of painful erosion areas in the soft tissues of the mouth, they may appear on the lips, gums, tongue, cheeks, base or roof of the mouth.
Although mouth ulcers are usually not serious, they can be very annoying and make it difficult for some people to eat, drink, and brush their teeth.
Who gets mouth ulcers?
Oral ulcers can affect anyone, but the risk of developing some types of ulcers is likely to increase during a certain period of life, for example thrush, gingivitis and stomatitis are more common in children, and leukoplakia and lichen planus are more common in the elderly.
What are the symptoms of mouth ulcers?
The exact symptoms can vary depending on the type of mouth ulcer you have, in The majority of Conditions The lesions cause redness, pain and inflammation. You may also experience:
- Tingling or burning in the mouth
- Difficulty eating, especially spicy or salty foods
- Dysphagia (difficulty swallowing)
Causes of mouth ulcers
There are many possible causes for mouth ulcers to appear A lot of In cases, mild irritation leads to the occurrence of mouth ulcers, and in other cases, ulcers are formed as a result of some health conditions.
but speak most Ulcers as a result of irritation of the oral mucosa, many reasons can irritate the mouth and lead to the infection of these ulcers, the most common of which are:
- Use dentures inappropriate
- Sharp or broken tooth
- Orthodontic braces and brackets Or other devices such as fixing devices and is a very common reason according to some statistics
- Burning of the mouth, tongue and gums when eating hot foods or drinks
- Smoking and tobacco products
Other causes of ulcers in the mouth:
- Use of certain medications, including beta-blockers
- Highly acidic foods
- When quitting tobacco
- Hormonal changes during pregnancy
- Pressure nervous
- Vitamin and folic acid deficiency
Conditions and diseases that cause ulcers inside the mouth include:
A fungal infection that often causes white and red patches to appear in the mouth.
A virus that causes sores in the mouth and may result in sores on the genitals.
Oral lichen planus
A chronic inflammatory disorder that can affect the lining of the cheek, gums, tongue and lips, in which prominent patches of tissue are noted and in some cases may appear as red swollen sores in the mouth.
Chronic ulcerative lesion
Sores that have flat red edges and white or gray spots around them appear.
Common gum and mouth infections
It is a common infection, especially in children, similar to aphthous ulcers Talk Along with cold or flu symptoms.
hand, foot and mouth disease
It causes small, painful red spots to appear on these parts of the body and is more common in children.
Grayish white sore that appears almost anywhere in the mouth.
Which may cause ulcers in the mouth.
It is a red sore that appears on the floor of the mouth. It can be precancerous or precancerous.
can cause mouth cancer ulcers and lesions in the mouth;
Methods for diagnosing mouth ulcers
Before treating mouth ulcers, they must be diagnosed first. In most cases, anyone can determine the cause of the mouth ulcers themselves. Someone who has had a lesion before will recognize it when it appears again.
The person who bites their cheek will know that the ulcer came from this incident. Those with conditions such as oral herpes may also recognize their symptoms and have an action plan for treating the attack.
If a person suffers from recurrent recurrent mouth ulcers that disappear and appear and the cause is unknown, it is Review The doctor to determine the cause of these ulcers through a physical examination is obligatory, they can also perform some tests such as swabs and blood tests.
If a doctor suspects that a mouth ulcer is caused by a serious illness, he or she may take a biopsy from the area to check for possible cancer Or other health problems, generally aphthous and traumatic mouth ulcers rumor Types of oral ulcers.
How to treat mouth ulcers
In many cases, mouth ulcers do not need to be treated, as the sores of the mouth, tongue, and lips heal automatically without treatment. Sores caused by minor injuries usually take one to two weeks to heal. Avoiding irritants helps prevent the appearance of mouth ulcers in the future.
While ulcers are healing, patients can take steps at home to help treat mouth ulcers:
- Rinse the mouth using a solution containing warm water with a spoonful of salt for a minute
- Eliminate spicy or hot foods from the diet
- Refrain from using tobacco products
- Avoid alcohol
- Rinsing with an antimicrobial mouthwash helps treat mouth ulcers
- It also helps to take non-prescription painkillers
- Cover mouth sores with baking soda paste
If known home sore treatment instructions don't work, or they don't heal on their own after a while, a person should talk to their doctor about additional treatment options for mouth sores and gums.
If there is a medical condition that caused the mouth ulcers, the doctor will develop a treatment plan for that. The doctor can also prescribe strong medications that can treat severe, chronic or recurring mouth ulcers. require Treatments describe the following:
- Steroid oral spray or steroid lozenges that dissolve in the mouth
- Pain relievers in the form of gels, ointments, sprays, or tablets
- Antimicrobial mouthwashes
Oral ulcer prevention tips and instructions
It includes a few simple steps anyone can take to help prevent sores inside the mouth, by:
- Avoid hot foods and drinks
- Avoid eating citrus fruits as they may cause irritation and pain to the mucous membranes
- Chew carefully and slowly
- Practicing regular oral and dental care
- Use a soft toothbrush
- Work to reduce stress
- to avoid Smoking or using tobacco products other
- Limit or avoid alcohol consumption
- Frequently drink plenty of water
- Talk to your dentist if dental appliances cause irritation
- Using a lip balm with sunscreen is better to reduce direct sun damage
When do you answer? Review your dentist?
A person should see a specialist when:
- Sores that get worse or don't get better over time
- signs of infection
- White spots on the sores
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Mouth sores are painful and annoying. There are many causes of mouth sores and the most common are irritation and irritation.
In many cases, mouth ulcers do not need to be treated, as the mouth ulcers heal automatically. In other cases, a person may need drug treatments to treat the underlying cause of the ulcers.
If a person has frequent or long-term mouth ulcers or the pain is severe, it is best to see your doctor.