Urinary tract infection treatment in men

Urinary tract infection treatment in men

Urinary tract infection in men is treated with antibiotics, and although women are more susceptible, urethral and bladder infections remain common in men.

How to treat a urinary tract infection in men at home

Urinary tract infection is defined as a bacterial infection that affects one part of the urinary system, which consists of the kidneys, which connect with the bladder through the ureters, and then the urethra, which ends in the man's penis.

Inflammation occurs as a result of bacterial growth in the urinary tract. Urinary tract infection is associated with the emergence of many symptoms such as difficulty urinating and pain, in addition to the urgent need to urinate with incontinence.

UTIs in men are usually less common than in women because the female urethra is shorter than the male's and closer to the anus.

Antibiotics are the mainstay in treating UTIs in men at home. They are used to treat UTIs for both men and women.

There are many ways to use antibacterial therapy, it may be administered orally or intravenously, and the dosage and type of drug varies according to the nature and severity of each disease.

The doctor chooses the appropriate antibiotic for treatment according to the type of attacking germs. This is known by conducting a urine test for the patient and detecting the bacteria in the sample.

In some cases, doctors begin treatment immediately and before the results of the urine analysis appear, by using drugs that attack the germs most likely to cause urinary tract infections. The drugs may be changed after the results of the analysis appear.

Following the instructions of your specialist is important regarding the period of taking the medication and the necessary dosage. One of the common mistakes that many UTI patients make is to stop taking their medication as soon as symptoms improve.

Improvement in symptoms of the disease is not conclusive evidence of recovery, as stopping the medication before the UTI is completely cleared may lead to a recurrence of symptoms of the infection.

Best antibiotic to treat urinary tract infection in men at home

The antibiotic used in the treatment of urinary tract infections in men varies according to the severity of the infection. We usually resort to commonly used medicines that have good efficacy with fewer side effects in mild infections.

The most common antibiotics used to treat a urinary tract infection in men at home:

  • sulfamethoxazole
  • trimethoprim
  • Nitrofurantoin
  • amoxicillin
  • Ceftriaxone

People with urinary tract infections with complications can take medicines known as fluoroquinolones, this class is considered to have a strong effect and carries some side effects, so it is not recommended to use it at home except for severe cases.

Urinary tract infection symptoms in men

Urinary tract infections do not necessarily cause obvious symptoms, but the infection often results in some symptoms, including:

  • Pain in the flank or pelvic area
  • Raises my body and general fatigue
  • Urinary urgency (a constant urge to urinate)
  • Heartburn that may be painful while urinating
  • incontinence
  • Strong urine smell and cloudy color
  • Presence of blood in urine
Urinary tract infection symptoms in men
Summary of the main symptoms of urinary tract infection in men

Urinary tract infection causes

The human immune system protects the urinary tract from infection by preventing bacteria from multiplying within the urinary tract. 

When the body's immunity fails to perform its function, urinary tract infection occurs as a result of germs invading the urinary tract, where the multiplication of bacteria leads to the inflammatory process.

Microorganisms enter the urethra through the urethra and may then spread to the bladder, where cystitis and urethritis are the most common places where urinary tract infections occur in men.

Urinary tract infection is more common in older men than in young men. Urinary tract infection is often seen in elderly people over 50 years of age as a result of chronic diseases and predisposing factors that affect the elderly. such as an enlarged prostate and diabetes mellitus.

Escherichia coli (E.coli) is one of the most common bacteria that causes cystitis in men.

Urinary tract infection diagnosis 

The specialist uses one of these tests to diagnose:

UrinalysisA sample is taken from the patient’s urine and several tests are performed on the sample, such as determining the number of red blood cells and white blood cells, as the number of white blood cells increases in the context of urinary tract infection.

Urine culture: This test aims to determine the type of bacteria that caused the infection by placing the sample in a medium suitable for the reproduction of bacteria, in order to choose the appropriate treatment method for the infection.

Types of urinary tract infections

Urinary tract infection is classified according to the affected area, where the symptoms vary according to the location of the infection. We have two main sections:

 upper urinary tract infection 

This type includes inflammation of both the ureters and the kidney and its symptoms are raised in the form of fever, pelvic and back pain, chills, nausea and vomiting.

lower urinary tract infection

Infection of the lower part of the urinary system affects the areas of the bladder and urethra, symptoms appear in the form of difficulties in the process of urination, so we find patients complaining of urinary urgency with burning and pain during urination.

Sections of the upper and lower urinary system
This picture shows the upper and lower urinary tract sections

Complications of urinary tract infection in men

It is necessary to treat urinary tract infections to prevent the infection from spreading to the kidneys and complications, which include:

  • pyelonephritis
  • Recurrent infection after treatment
  • permanent kidney damage
  • Severe urethral stricture due to recurrent infections
  • Sepsis, which is the most dangerous complication, where germs spread to the blood and then move to the rest of the human body

Predisposing factors for urinary tract infection in men 

There are some factors that increase the chances of developing urinary tract infections, including:

Risk factors for UTI in men

Prevention of urinary tract infection

There are some things that can be done to prevent urethritis in men, including:

  • Consume a good amount of fluids daily 
  • More than raspberry juice (studies have shown it to be effective in preventing UTIs)
  • Wiping from front to back after defecation to prevent the spread of anal germs to the urethra
  • Take care of personal hygiene
  • Urinating after intercourse to get rid of potential germs
  • Avoiding tight clothes helps prevent moisture, which is a suitable medium for the growth of microorganisms

Urinary tract infection and sexual intercourse

There is an important relationship between sexual activity and an increased risk of catching a bacterial infection, as sexual intercourse increases the chances of transmitting bacteria from a woman to a man or vice versa. Therefore, multiple sexual partners is a risk factor for infection.

Many couples get a urinary tract infection after sex, as studies have indicated that signs of a urinary tract infection may appear two days after intercourse.

Doctors advise patients who suffer from urinary tract infections to stop sexual intercourse until the infection clears completely, because intercourse may increase the severity of the infection and hinder the healing process.


Sources:

  1. Healthline
  2. Medicalnewstoday
  3. Medscape

Common Questions

The duration of treatment depends on the severity of the infection, and if it is accompanied by complications or not. In mild urinary tract infections, a 7-day course of antibiotics is usually prescribed.

Urinary tract infection may cause erectile dysfunction during the marital relationship, as a result of the transmission of inflammation to the prostate gland, which leads to erectile dysfunction.

Yes, urinary tract infections may be associated with pain and burning in the penis when urinating.

Herbs cannot be relied upon to treat urinary tract infection in men, but the use of some herbal compounds helps relieve urinary tract inflammation, such as mulberry and bearberry, in addition to garlic.

Urinary tract infections can be treated at home by using antibiotics prescribed by a specialist doctor that kill pathogenic germs.

Improvement of symptoms is not a definitive sign of recovery from a urinary tract infection, but it may be a good indication of the effectiveness of treating the infection.

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