Laparoscopic heart surgery is a pioneering breakthrough in cardiothoracic surgery, so it has received great interest in Turkey and hospitals have been equipped with the latest equipment and technologies to implement it.
Endoscopic heart surgery or the so-called “minimally invasive heart surgery” is one of the modern techniques in the world of the Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, which allowed to perform many operations on the heart without causing significant deformation in the chest wall and the structures adjacent to the heart.
Endoscopic heart surgery involves making a small incision sometimes called a “keyhole incision” in the right side of the chest to access the heart between the ribs using small, highly specialized instruments and an endoscope, rather than making a wide incision in the sternum as in open heart surgery.
Laparoscopic heart surgery is used to treat many heart conditions, and this type of surgery causes less pain and leads to a faster recovery compared to open surgery.
I have indicated Studies He concluded that laparoscopic heart surgeries are less harmful to patients and provide the same results as (if not superior to) traditional heart surgeries.
Benefits of laparoscopic heart surgery
Laparoscopic heart surgery has several advantages over traditional heart surgery, including:
- Smaller incision and therefore less pain and distortion of the chest wall
- Less damage to the muscles and tissues surrounding the heart
- Less risk of infection at the site of the operation
- Reducing blood lost during surgery
- Reducing hospital stay after the operation
- Return to nature and heal faster
Despite the advantages of laparoscopic heart surgery, but it is not suitable for all patients, the surgeon will decide the optimal method of treatment based on the age, general health of the patient, medical history and pre-operative examinations.
Laparoscopic heart surgery is a complex technique that requires practice and expertise, so it will… Bimaristan Medical Center By referring you to a medical team composed of the most skilled doctors specializing in cardiothoracic surgery in Turkey, who will cooperate to decide the best way to reach the heart after carefully evaluating all factors to obtain the best results.
Conditions that can be treated with minimally invasive heart surgery
Minimally invasive heart operations include many types, the most important of which are surgery to replace heart valves when they are narrowed or insufficiency, and coronary artery bypass surgery in cases of coronary artery blockage. There are many operations that can be performed on the patient’s heart using this technique, including:
- Coronary artery bypass coronary artery bypass graft (CABG)
- cure or Mitral valve replacement
- cure or Aortic valve replacement
- Ventricular assist device
- Treatment of ASD and patent foramen ovale closure (PFO)
- VSD إصلاح Interventricular septal defect repair
- Tricuspid heart valve treatment or replacement
- MAZE procedure for the treatment of atrial flutter
- Cardiac tumor treatment
- Congenital heart disease treatment
Laparoscopic heart surgery risks
Laparoscopic heart surgery carries some risks although it is rare compared to open heart surgery, such as:
- irregularities (Arrhythmia)
- brain attack
- the death
However, it is possible for the patient to be referred for open-heart surgery when the surgeon decides that continuing the minimally invasive surgery is life-threatening for the patient.
Minimally invasive heart surgery methods
There are three methods or techniques for treating the heart in Turkey without harming the rib cage:
Thoracoscopic heart surgery
This method requires making a small incision between the ribs 2-3 inches (7.5-5 cm) on the right side of the chest instead of making a large incision 8-10 inches (20-25 cm) in the sternum through which the endoscope and surgical tools are inserted The location of the incision varies with the operation.
In addition to another small incision in the groin to connect the patient to the cardiopulmonary bypass machine, which performs the function of the heart and lungs, so that we can stop the heart and perform the surgery, and here Video Explains the process.
as in open heart surgery Coronary arterial bypass can be performed without a pump in some cases, so there is no need to stop the heart and connect it to the cardiopulmonary bypass machine.
Robot-assisted Cardiac Surgery
The use of the robot to carry out cardiac surgery increases the accuracy and safety of the work because it allows making precise movements that may not be performed by the human hand, and also allows the heart to be seen more than the human eye can see.
The principle of this surgery depends on making several small holes between the ribs and then inserting robotic arms through these openings into the chest cavity.
These arms are equipped with the necessary surgical tools in addition to an endoscope that provides a high-resolution 3D view of the heart.
It is now possible to treat some heart diseases with catheterization, which is a modern technique that does not require an endoscope or camera and does not require an incision in the patient’s chest, nor does it require a cardiopulmonary bypass device. The catheter is inserted into one of the large vessels (usually the femoral artery in the groin) through a wound Small, push the tube through the vessel until reaching the heart.
The progress of the catheter tube into the vessel is monitored with special x-rays and other imaging methods.
Then the devices used in the treatment are inserted through the catheter directly into the heart. This method is used to:
- Balloon dilatation for mitral valve stenosis
- Mitral valve beads for treatment of mitral valve insufficiency
- TEVAR Abdominal Aortic Endometrial Repair
- Transcatheter aortic valve replacement TAVR
- Transcatheter mitral valve replacement
- Transcatheter pulmonary valve replacement
- Repairing some heart defects, such as closing the openings of the heart
- Placing stents inside the arteries coronary to expand it
Recovery after laparoscopic heart surgery
After laparoscopic heart surgery, the patient will be sent home often within two to five days of surgery.
During the patient's stay in the hospital, doctors will monitor him closely to detect any complications of the surgery and help him recover as quickly as possible.
When the patient is ready to be discharged from the hospital, he will receive the necessary instructions for recovery and return to daily life, including how to care for the wound and the type of food that will help it heal faster.
Of course, the doctors will be ready to answer any questions or inquiries for the patient after the operation.
The doctor will schedule regular visits to the patient to monitor the heart and ensure its safety and conduct medical examinations if necessary.
The patient can also benefit from the cardiac rehabilitation program to help restore strength and endurance and improve heart health in general. This is done by attending several sessions in cardiac care centers that include performing exercises, reducing risk factors, and dealing with stress, anxiety and depression.
Why should I choose treatment in Turkey?
The reason for this is due to the presence of advanced medical centers that provide appropriate treatment by the most skilled doctors and the latest medical devices at a low cost.
Frequently asked questions about laparoscopic heart surgery
What is meant by minimally invasive heart surgery?
It is intended to perform operations on the heart without causing significant deformation of the chest wall and the structures adjacent to the heart.
How long does it take to stay in a cardiothoracic surgery hospital after surgery in Turkey?
When you have laparoscopic heart surgery, you will usually be sent home 2-5 days after your surgery.
Is laparoscopic heart surgery dangerous?
Laparoscopic heart surgery has some risks, but it is generally rare if performed by an experienced surgeon, and it is safer than open-heart surgery when choosing the right patient.