Robotic mitral valve replacement is done for patients with mitral valve failure, and it is one of the most modern methods in the field of cardiothoracic surgery in Turkey.
The mitral valve (mitral valve) is the most important valve in the work of the heart, but this valve may fail due to the presence of genetic and congenital abnormalities, rheumatic heart disease, heart infections, or even heart attacks.
Open heart surgery carries many risks, especially for the elderly, so minimally invasive operations appeared, including robotic mitral valve replacement.
Robotic mitral valve replacement and the development of robot-assisted endoscopic surgery
The mitral valve is located between the left atrium and the left ventricle of the heart, and its main role is to pump clean blood from the lungs through the aorta to the entire body.
Mitral valve prolapse is the most common mitral valve problem, affecting 1 to 2% of the population.
They are mostly people between the ages of 60 and 70, but there can be patients in their 20s and late 80s.
Prolapse means that the valve flaps do not close tightly. Many people do not notice the symptoms, but some (perhaps 20 to 30%) develop mitral regurgitation, where blood flows backward in the wrong direction. This can cause symptoms of heart failure such as shortness of breath and an irregular heartbeat. the heart.
What are the causes of mitral valve failure?
Left atrium mitral valve prolapse (mitral valve prolapse) is hereditary and is common in women.
As the production of collagen, which gives strength and durability to the valve structure and ligaments, affects the valve structure, Problems with collagen production can cause elongations and voids in the stents of the heart valves.
More than 90 percent of these defects can be repaired.
In addition, rheumatic heart disease or a previous inflammation of the lining of the heart valve may cause mitral valve failure.
What are the symptoms of mitral valve failure?
The disease does not show any symptoms at first, but they appear as the disease progresses.
At this stage, there is a decrease in the amount of blood that the heart pumps to the body, which makes the heart work harder and beat faster to compensate for this deficiency, which in turn causes fatigue to the heart muscle.
Symptoms may occur in the early stages of work or exercise, and may occur during rest as the disease progresses, and these symptoms include general fatigue, rapid heart and shortness of breath during exercise.
As the valvular insufficiency increases, the heart failure increases, causing shortness of breath even when lying down, causing difficulties in sleeping due to the urgent need for oxygen.
How is mitral valve prolapse diagnosed? How is the treatment?
Early diagnosis is very important, and echocardiography by echocardiography is the most important and easiest diagnostic method.
Patient valve repair is the world's best accepted method of treating the condition.
Mitral valve repair compared to replacement operations is also better given the life expectancy of the new valve.
It should be noted that prompt treatment protects the patient from heart failure and helps protect his functions.
Is it possible to perform a coronary heart valve change via a robot in Turkey?
Yes, an operation Mitral valve replacement It is now done in two ways, either minimally invasive (small incision) or robotic (robot-assisted mitral valve replacement).
As for minimally invasive surgery, the operation is performed using special devices through a small incision under the breast area, 5-6 cm long. Using an endoscopic camera to visualize the surgical field.
Thus, the damage to the heart tissue and the tissue around it is much less than with traditional surgery.
The Change the heart valves In Turkey has witnessed a paradigm shift the traditional open method to me Minimally invasive surgery or robotic.
In robotic mitral valve surgery, which is performed with an incision of only 2-3 cm.
All procedures and steps used in open surgery are performed using a robot with similar results to open surgery, except that it is characterized by the absence of scars such as those that occur in open surgery. .
and this is Video Shows how to perform the operation via the robot.
Advantages of robotic mitral valve replacement
The advantages of robotic mitral valve replacement are many, including:
- Small surgical incisions, compared to the large incision made in the open method.
- Less bleeding and much less blood loss.
- The rate of wound infection is low due to the small size of the surgical incision.
- Faster recovery rate and less pain for the patient.
- The patient does not stay in the hospital for more than 4-5 days.
- The patient can resume his daily activities after a shorter period than he needs in open surgery.
Disadvantages of robotic mitral valve replacement
Robotic mitral valve replacement has negligible disadvantages, but it may be a major contraindication for some patients.
This surgery is expensive due to the use of the latest advanced medical devices (robots) in this surgery.
Also, the process may be a bit complicated, as doctors are still not well versed in handling the robot and will need more time to fully master this method.
But indicate studies This method has given very promising results, whether in replacing or repairing the mitral valve, even if it is relatively new to doctors.
don't hesitate tocontact usOn our website, you can also read about the latest Bimaristan, your family center in Turkey Heart disease treatments in Turkey.
In the end, we find that robotic mitral valve replacement is a modern, effective and minimally invasive method, so that doctors turn to minimally invasive methods to improve aesthetic results and reduce side effects and pain in patients.