Treating a broken tooth in the right time and in the right way is important to save and preserve it. There are many ways to treat a broken tooth available in Turkey that you can learn about.
Fractures occur when a crack appears in the tooth. Sometimes the fracture can be small and harmless and at other times it can cause the tooth to split or split.
A fracture can happen to anyone, but it is more common in people children And the elderly, if you suspect a broken tooth, consult a dental professional immediately.
What is the part of the tooth that can break and crack?
Teeth consist of the following parts:
- the crown It is the visible part above the gums
- root located under the gums
Both the crown and the root consist of several layers:
- port: Hard outer surface.
- ivory: Middle class.
- core: Thin inner tissue containing blood vessels and nerves.
Tooth fractures can affect some or all of these layers, and the treatment of a broken tooth depends on where and how severe the fracture occurred.
Some fractures cause no symptoms, while others cause pain or feeling sensitiveTreating a broken tooth quickly increases the chances of preserving the tooth.
Causes of tooth fractures
The most common causes of broken teeth are:
- Age Many cracks in the teeth occur at age 50 and older.
- Biting hard foods Such as candy, ice or popcorn kernels causes a molar fracture.
- habits Like chewing gum and ice.
- dental fillings big or Root canal filling age weakens.
- gnashing of teeth.
- Shock Including a fall, sports injury, bike accident, car accident, severe blow, or physical violence.
What is the area most prone to fracture?
The fracture most often occurs in the upper front teeth and the back teeth of the lower jaw (lower molars). Although people usually break one tooth, severe injury or trauma may result in the breaking of several teeth.
In addition, people with dental caries They are more likely to suffer from broken teeth, as even with minor injuries, they may have a fracture.
Symptoms of a broken tooth
A broken tooth does not always cause symptoms. When it does, symptoms of the main condition may include:
- Pain that comes and goes, especially when chewing.
- tooth sensitivity To temperature changes or eating sweet foods.
- Swelling around a broken tooth.
- Toothache when biting or chewing.
How is a broken tooth diagnosed?
To diagnose a broken tooth, the doctor will ask about the symptoms that the person is experiencing and determine the possible cause that caused the broken tooth, whether due to trauma or an accident.
For a comprehensive evaluation, the doctor will take a dental history and whether the person grinds their teeth or chews ice or solid foods, and then will do the following:
- Check to see if the tooth is broken or extracted.
- Examination of the bite to see if the feeling is painful.
- Look for fissure lines on the teeth.
- Examination of the gums for inflammation Because vertical fractures may gum irritation.
- Passing a light through the teeth to illuminate the fracture.
- Staining the teeth with a dye to better see the fracture of the tooth.
- Taking x-rays of the teeth to see the amount of damage and related problems such as bone loss. Imaging may also include a 3D scan called a cone-ray computed tomography (CT) that can show bone loss, which indicates a fracture.
- Use special tools to locate the fracture by checking whether the tools are stuck at the fracture site.
What are the types of dental fractures?
The type of cracked tooth will fall into one of the following five categories:
fractured tooth vertical fracture
It extends from the occlusal surface to the gum, sometimes the fracture extends to the level of the gum and root.
Small, thin cracks appear on the outer enamel layer of the tooth that do not cause any feeling of pain.
A crack forms around the dental filling. Broken cusps are usually not painful.
The fissure extends from the surface of the tooth to just under the gum. This fracture divides the tooth into two parts.
vertical root fracture
The fissures begin below the gum line and extend toward the grinding surface of the tooth. Vertical root fractures may not cause symptoms unless the tooth is infected.
Treating a broken tooth at the doctor
Treatment for a broken tooth depends on the amount of damage to the tooth. Common dental fracture treatments include one option:
Treating a broken tooth with a resin bonding material
process is done tooth restoration Fractured with plastic resin to fill the fracture.
Rough edge filing and polishing smooth out a broken tooth.
or dress-up It is a cover made of porcelain or ceramic and placed over the broken tooth, often Uses For the prevention of vertical fractures and cases where you do not have sufficient tooth structure toVeneer veneer.
Tooth extraction and implantation
Root canal treatment
is done in Root canal treatment Removing the damaged nerve and placing a root canal in its place, used when the fracture extends into the pulp.
Cosmetic faces (veneers)
veneer It is a thin layer of porcelain or composite covering the front of the tooth. It is often used when there is a good amount of natural tooth structure remaining.
Sometimes your doctor may suggest not treating a broken tooth at all. This may be when the fracture:
- It does not affect your appearance.
- It does not cause pain.
- It does not extend very deep or as far as a hairline fissure.
Can a broken tooth be treated at home?
Of course not, but there are different steps that may relieve symptoms before visiting the dentist in order to treat a broken tooth:
- You should put an ice pack on the outside of your mouth to prevent swelling.
- Rinse your mouth with salt water to brush your teeth.
- Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory analgesics can be taken when feeling pain.
Can a broken tooth heal on its own?
No, it cannot heal on its own, but treating a broken tooth may save your teeth. Restoring a broken tooth quickly can reduce the risk of further damage and infection.
How long does it take to treat a broken tooth?
Restoration and treatment of a broken tooth may take several weeks or months, depending on the condition of your tooth. Your doctor will give you a better idea of how long it may take to treat the condition.
crowns: Your dentist can sometimes make a crown in one day, but it often takes several appointments.
extraction: It may take to replace the tooth withdental implant months, but with the development of implantation techniques in Turkey, it has become possible to perform an operation Implant a tooth in one day.
Veneers: It may take making Cosmetic veneers Three to four weeks before the dentist can put them in.
Prevention of dental fractures
Not every fracture can be prevented, but you can reduce your risk by following several healthy practices:
- Avoid eating hard foods or ice.
- Take good care oforal health For teeth and gums.
- recoil mouth guard If you play sports or clench your teeth at night.
- See your dentist regularly to treat any problem, do not hesitate Contact us We will introduce you to the best specialists at Bimaristan Center.