Gingival Enlargement: causes and treatment

Gum hyperplasia treatment in Turkey, its causes and symptoms

Treatment of gingival hyperplasia in Turkey by surgery has become desirable due to the availability of advanced technologies and modern devices that help you get a healthy and beautiful smile.

Gingival enlargement is a common symptom in which excessive growth of gum tissue around the teeth occurs abnormally. This condition occurs for several reasons, including hormonal changes, side effects of using certain medications, or the most common cause is poor oral health and hygiene.

In fact, Gum enlargement treatment This is necessary because this oral condition can affect the alignment and placement of your teeth and increase your risk of developing gingivitis.

The condition of gingival hyperplasia is also referred to by the terms:

  • Gum overgrowth
  • Gingival hyperplasia
  • Hypertrophic gingivitis

But what are the reasons for the enlargement of the gums? How is gum inflation treated? Is the surgical solution the only solution? Follow the article to get the full answers.

What are the causes of gum enlargement?

Understanding the cause of enlarged gums will help you prevent it from happening in the first place. Several causes result in enlarged gums:

Inflammatory gingival hyperplasia

It is an inflammatory reaction that usually occurs when plaque (food residue and bacteria) builds up on the gums and teeth due to neglecting oral hygiene.

In this type, redness and swelling occur, and the gums are usually fragile with a smooth surface that bleeds easily.

Gingival hyperplasia is treated by improving oral hygiene through routine brushing and flossing to remove plaque and gum-irritating materials from the teeth.

Swelling and enlargement of the edges of the gums
Swelling and enlargement of the edges of the gums

mouth breathing

People who breathe through their mouths are more likely to have enlarged gums A dry mouth orgingivitis Especially in the anterior region.

It occurs at any age and is characterized by the presence of redness of the labial and interdental gums that may develop into bleeding.

Gum enlargement due to braces

 It can be difficult to completely clean the food and material buildup around the braces, rubber bands, and wires of traditional orthodontics due to the difficulty in accessing them, so gingivitis and, thus, gingival hyperplasia occur.

It is especially important to have very good oral hygiene if you have braces to avoid the possibility of enlarged gums, or the possibility of gum enlargement. Moving transparent calendar Which is characterized by your ability to remove it and brush your teeth freely.

Gum enlargement due to orthodontics
Gum enlargement due to orthodontics

hormonal changes

Hormones can easily influence the condition of the gums also in boys and girls going through puberty.

So children who are going through this stage of puberty and undergoing orthodontic treatment are more likely to have gingivitis or irritation than other ages.

Fungal or viral infection

can indicate swollen gums If you notice a strange white rash, talk to your doctor so he can prescribe an antifungal medication for you.

Swelling of the gums due to decay

It can lead to disease development tooth decay Usually in an infection that leads to abscesses that spread to nearby anatomical areas and enlargement of the gums or swelling of the entire cheek.

Vitamin deficiency

Deficiencies in certain vitamins can lead to swollen or swollen gums, deficiencies in vitamin C and B vitamins being the most common.

That is, if you suffer from swelling and your diet is poor, it may be due to a lack of vitamins, especially if you are an older adult.

Add more foods that support dental health to your diet to ensure you get the right vitamins and minerals for healthy teeth and gums.

Gum enlargement in children

It usually occurs mainly due to bacteria in the mouth unless it is due to a genetic condition or any other reasons mentioned.

The best way to fight these germs and prevent this condition is to brush, floss, and floss your teeth regularly.

Germs begin to grow in the mouth of children as soon as they develop their first teeth.


You may suffer from swollen gums because you are pregnant. Pregnancy hormones usually cause an increase in blood flow to the gums, causing them to swell. Hormonal changes can also put you at risk for inflammation of the gums and periodontal tissues.

It is recommended during that period to visit the dentist frequently to detect the presence of inflammation, swelling, or other diseases of the mouth and teeth at an early stage and to provide treatment to maintain oral health throughout this stage.

The appearance of swelling in the gums during pregnancy is called a pregnancy tumor
The appearance of swelling in the gums during pregnancy is called a pregnancy tumor

Improper use of brushes and floss

Brushing too aggressively will do more harm than good, as it causes inflammation and gum recession over time. To prevent the negative effects of brushing, switch to a soft-bristled toothbrush and use gentle motions while brushing. Here you can learn about Types of toothbrushes When using floss, try to move the floss carefully and gently between your teeth to avoid gum disease.

Gum swelling due to medication

It occurs in patients who take some medications. The gum tissue, in these cases, is coherent and pale pink and does not bleed as in the inflammatory type.

The most common drugs causing this condition:

  • Phenytoin to prevent epileptic seizures
  • Cyclosporine is a medicine to reduce the activity of the immune system
  • Calcium channel blockers, such as nifedipine, are medicines used to control heart and blood vessel conditions such as heart disease High blood pressure

Never adjust the dose of these medications or stop taking them on your own, but consult your doctor to suggest an alternative.

In severe cases, the gums completely cover the crowns of the teeth, making it difficult to clean them, which causes inflammation, in addition to the problem of teeth eruption and alignment.

Medication-induced swollen gums may resolve partially or entirely when the medication is discontinued. If discontinuation is not possible, the excess gum may be surgically removed, but it is more likely that the condition will recur.

Since this condition is somewhat exacerbated by plaque build-up on the gums and teeth, effective oral hygiene measures reduce its severity.

Hereditary gingival hyperplasia

This rare hereditary condition occurs either during childhood or after puberty and causes generalized slow growth of the gums of all teeth or localized in a specific area. The gingival tissue is painless and firm in a pale pink color.

Surgical removal of the excess gum is often necessary to avoid impaction and displacement of the teeth. Repeated extractions may be required due to the recurrent nature of this condition.

General diseases

There are many physiological conditions and physical diseases that may be associated with localized or generalized gingival hyperplasia, including these causes blood cancer And some other chronic diseases.

Swelling of the gums associated with the general physical condition is usually treated after the underlying condition has been treated. Adherence to effective oral hygiene measures also reduces the risk of developing gingival hyperplasia.

Swelling and enlargement of the edges of the gums
Swelling and enlargement of the edges of the gums

Diagnosis of gingival enlargement

The excessive growth of the gums has several basic causes, and it is not easy to diagnose yourself correctly. If you suspect signs of swelling or swelling, it is best to contact a general practitioner or dentist to obtain an accurate diagnosis.

Even if you already know the cause of gum overgrowth, its presence may indicate that your treatment regimen needs adjusting. This can help avoid side effects, ensuring you are as comfortable and healthy as possible.

To diagnose gingival hyperplasia, the doctor may:

  1. Write down your complete medical history and ask about medications you take
  2. Do a clinical examination for you
  3. They may recommend a biopsy of the affected tissue or order other tests, such as a blood sample

If you notice swelling and the swelling of your gums does not improve with brushing and flossing, visit your general dentist for an examination and cleaning. If you have gingivitis, you need to get treatment as soon as possible to prevent it from progressing to periodontitis, one of the more serious gum diseases. If left untreated, gum disease can lead to the loss of your teeth.

Gum enlargement treatment and care

The appropriate treatment for excessive gum growth will vary depending on its severity and the underlying cause.

Your general dentist will determine the cause of your swollen gums by asking you questions about your symptoms and possibly running tests such as dental X-rays or blood tests. Treating swollen gums You have.

Regardless of the underlying cause of swollen gums, practicing proper dental hygiene is vital to avoid developing other dental problems. Swollen gums may cause food particles to become trapped, making it difficult for you to brush properly, leading to increased inflammation.

Your dentist may simply recommend that you maintain a routine of hygiene and use type of toothpaste Specific and prescribed mouthwash to reduce plaque and prevent gingivitis.

If you have an infection, he will also prescribe medication for your treatment.

If your medication causes swelling of your gums, do not ever think of stopping taking the prescribed medication or changing its dosage yourself, but rather talk to your specialist doctor, in some cases, an alternative medication may be prescribed.

He will often do Cleaning the gums and teeth from tartar Professional root debridement to encourage healing of the gums.

If the gum tissue hinders chewing or cleaning, or if its shape bothers you, your doctor may recommend periodontal surgery to remove parts of the gums and beautify them. Laser gum surgery can be performed.

Surgical treatment of gingival hyperplasia in Turkey

Surgical treatment should be considered for patients who do not respond to control measures or in cases that recur and relapse despite adequate plaque control.

After gingival surgery to treat gingival hyperplasia
After gingival surgery to treat gingival hyperplasia

Surgical methods include:

Laser gingivectomy

Laser gum surgery is very effective and does not bleed.

Gingivectomy with the traditional scalpel

The gingivectomy surgery can be repeated if necessary when the overgrown gum tissue is surgically removed using a conventional scalpel.

electric ironing

Electrosurgery can be used in difficult cases or enlarged gums in children. The doctor applies electric currents to the gum tissue to cut or remove what has grown enlarged.

Laser treatment of gingival hyperplasia in Turkey

preferred use Dental laser In eradicating the gums because of its strong effect in killing germs and hemorrhaging.

In most surgical cases, local anesthesia is sufficient for a pain-free operation.

 Laser periodontal treatments are characterized by minimal discomfort, minimal pain during and after treatment, and a short recovery time.

Patients here also leave with minimal time and swelling compared to other traditional surgeries and can see immediate results after receiving laser treatment to remove overgrown gums and correct their shape.

Laser periodontal surgery to treat gingival enlargement in Turkey
Laser periodontal surgery to treat gingival enlargement in Turkey

Prevention of the development of a gingival enlargement

Taking care of the gums properly helps to recover from their swelling in some cases, and in other cases, it prevents exacerbation of swelling or inflammation.

To maintain healthy and healthy gums, make sure to:

  • Brushing your teeth twice a day gently and carefully with a soft-bristled toothbrush. Allowing plaque to build up increases bacteria that penetrate the gums, so consistent oral hygiene must be maintained throughout swelling.
  • Clean between your teeth carefully once daily using floss or interdental brushing.
  • Rinse your mouth with a regular mouthwash or an antiseptic mouthwash.
  • You can rinse with warm salt water for one to two minutes up to five times daily. Salt water reduces inflammation and fights infection. But beware of swallowing it and avoiding it completely if you have high blood pressure. 
  • Follow a balanced and healthy diet low in sugars or acidic elements.
  • Avoid smoking and tobacco products.
  • Visit the dentist every six months to prevent dental problems and get regular check-ups and cleanings.

Gingival hyperplasia is a condition that leads to overgrowth of the gums and has a range of underlying causes. Improving your oral hygiene routine can often treat this condition and relieve symptoms. In other cases, you may need additional treatments to suit your situation.

If you suffer from enlarged and swollen gums that do not improve, do not delay seeking help from a dentist to discover the problem and provide the necessary treatment to solve it.


  1. American Academy of Oral Medicine
  2. Healthline
  3. Colgate-Palmolive
  4. DermNet

Frequently Asked Questions

Gingival hyperplasia is a common condition that can cause discomfort but also interfere with speaking or chewing, lead to halitosis (bad breath), and make your smile less attractive.

In Turkey, laser treatment is available to remove and beautify enlarged gums if conservative treatments fail.

If the overgrowth of the gums is caused by gingivitis, improving oral hygiene with anti-inflammatory medications can reduce the swelling and resolve the problem on its own.

In the event that it was caused by other factors, the causative factor must be treated first so that the area’s swelling and enlargement recede.

In the event that you are talking about a symmetrical bulge on both upper sides, this is normal because there is an anatomical area here called the maxillary hump, which is a bony bump located behind the last molar of the upper jaw.

If left untreated, this oral condition can affect the alignment of your teeth and increase your risk of gum disease. Gingival hyperplasia can be treated by improving oral hygiene habits and in severe cases, surgical treatment is necessary.

Gum enlargement can occur as a result of inflammation, often caused by the accumulation of food residue and bacteria on the teeth and poor hygiene practices.

Gum enlargement can also occur due to some medications, health, hormonal or nutritional problems, and many other reasons.

Of course, the Bimaristan Center in Turkey has the latest laser gum removal devices for a comfortable experience without pain or bleeding and smile beautification.

If you are planning for treatment in Turkey
you can talk to us here.

If you are planning for treatment in Turkey
you can talk to us here.