Tooth extraction means the removal of teeth either due to decay, trauma or crowding. In this article, we will learn about the different methods of tooth extraction in Turkey and recovery tips.
All you need to know about tooth extraction
Tooth extraction is the extraction and removal of a tooth from its place studies until tooth decay And periodontitis are the two most common causes of tooth extraction.
Dentists and oral surgeons remove teeth for various reasons. Some examples include:
- tooth decay
- gum disease
- dental infections
- Trauma or injury to a tooth or surrounding bone
- complications of Wisdom tooth
- Preparation fororthodontics If the teeth are too crowded
- Baby teeth not falling out at the right age
Types of tooth extraction
The correct type of tooth extraction depends on the tooth's shape, size, position and location in the mouth.
Dental surgeons classify tooth extractions as either an operation simple or surgicalSimple extractions involve teeth visible above the gums that the dentist can remove in one piece.
Surgical extraction is more complex and involves removing gum tissue, bone, or both, and sometimes the surgeon may need to remove the tooth in pieces.
wisdom teeth They are the last to emerge and are usually the first to need extraction. Wisdom tooth extraction is a common procedure in oral surgery because in many cases it is embedded, meaning it does not come out completely from the gums.
Preparing for a tooth extraction
The person consults with the dentist or oral surgeon before extraction. During the consultation, the doctor will ask for a comprehensive medical history and will also ask about any medications the person is taking.
Some people need to stop or start taking certain medications in the days leading up to surgery depending on the amount of teeth, bone, or both to be removed. The doctor may also prescribe some medications on the day of surgery.
stop blood thinners
Many people take blood-thinning medications to prevent blood clots blood clots In the vessels, these drugs can lead to more bleeding during surgery.
A dental surgeon can usually control bleeding at the extraction site by:
- Use of topical anticoagulants on the gums.
- Filling the tooth socket with foam or dissolvable gauze.
- Suture the site of the dislocation.
- The use of gauze and pressure after the procedure can also help stop the bleeding.
However, anyone taking blood thinners should tell their dental surgeon during the consultation.
Usually people do not need to stop taking blood thinners before tooth extraction, but the surgeon may need to see the results of recent blood tests in order to know if a person should switch temporarily to a different blood thinner or stop taking this type of medication before the operation.
In a few cases, the dentist may prescribe antibiotics before the operation age dislocation.
He may do this, for example, to treat dental infections with common symptoms, such as fever or malaise, along with a swollen mouth.
Toothache without swelling does not require antibiotics, always take antibiotics exactly as directed by your doctor and avoid unnecessary use of them.
A person may need antibiotics if they have a high risk of developing septic endocarditis or an infection in the heart valves or the inner lining of the heart.
According to the American Heart Association (AHA), people with certain heart conditions have an increased risk of developing this infection after a surgical tooth extraction. The American Heart Association and the American Dental Association recommend that people with any of the following take antibiotics before dental surgery to reduce their risk:
- heart valve artificial
- Heart valve repair with previous artificial materials
- Heart transplantation with structural valve abnormalities
- some heart abnormalities congenital
- Previous infection with infective endocarditis
Anesthesia during tooth extraction
The person will be given anesthetic (a local anesthetic injection) near the site of the extraction. This will numb the area so that the person will not feel any pain. The numbness will continue for a few hours after the surgery.
A person may request additional anesthetic or sedative medication to reduce anxiety during the tooth removal process. The dentist or surgeon may provide the following:
- Nitrous oxide is also known as laughing gas
- Oral sedative
- Intravenous sedation IV
- General Anesthesia. The person receiving general anesthesia will be completely asleep during the procedure.
Some dentists do not have the above options in their clinics. If anyone needs any of the above options, they should tell their dentist during the consultation and the dentist may refer them to an oral surgeon.
Tooth extraction or wisdom tooth extraction
Before starting the extraction, the surgeon takes a radiograph of the person's tooth, which helps assess the curvature and angle of the tooth root.
Once the local anesthetic numbs the area, the surgeon will begin to extract. If the tooth has multiple roots, as in the wisdom tooth, he may remove the tooth in several pieces. If the tooth is hidden under the gum tissue or bone, the doctor may need to cut the gum or remove an area clogged bone;
A person should not feel pain but can expect to feel pressure on the tooth. They may also hear gnashing and cracking in the bones or teeth. Some people find this experience annoying.
If a person feels any pain, they should notify their dentist or oral surgeon immediately, the doctor will administer more anesthetics.
After a tooth extraction it may be necessary to perform stitches or additional procedures to control the bleeding. The dentist or surgeon will place a thick layer of gauze over the extraction site and have the person bite it to absorb the blood and start the clotting process.
Instructions after tooth extraction
Here are ways to help reduce discomfort and promote healing after a tooth extraction.
Dental gauze change
After the tooth extraction, the dentist or surgeon places a thick layer of gauze over the extraction site. Biting on this gauze with firm pressure will help control the bleeding.
The gauze should remain in place for at least 20-30 minutes. The person will then need to replace the gauze when it has soaked up blood. The bleeding will likely continue for one to two days after surgery.
Pain control after tooth extraction
The numbness caused by local anesthesia should only last for a few hours after the extraction. Call your dentist if the numbness persists and does not go away.
Your dentist may prescribe medication to relieve pain and inflammation after the procedure. Over-the-counter medications such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen are usually sufficient to control pain after a routine extraction.
Swelling control after tooth extraction
People may experience slight swelling of the face in the area of the extraction. This is normal. Applying ice to the face may help reduce the swelling.
Avoid tampering with the dislocation site
The first 24 hours after a tooth extraction is very important, irritating the area can effectively prevent blood clots and slow the healing process so people should avoid:
- Blowjobs at the site of dislocation
- touch it with the tongue
- use the straw
- Eat solid foods, especially crunchy
- Rinse the mouth and gargle vigorously
- Drinking alcoholic beverages or using mouthwash that contains alcohol
Eating and drinking after tooth extraction
After tooth extraction, drink plenty of fluids and eat soft, nutritious foods. When chewing becomes comfortable again, slowly reintroduce solid foods. Your dentist will recommend chewing on the side opposite the extraction site until the wound is completely healed.
Brushing and flossing
Continue brushing and flossing as usual after removing the tooth, but be careful not to remove the blood clot.
Starting the day after surgery, rinse your mouth every few hours with warm water and salt. To do this, add half a teaspoon of salt to a glass of water.
Implant after tooth extraction
It will be uncomfortable to have a gap in your mouth after extraction so if you have had a tooth extraction or know you will have to have it done soon you may want to fill that empty space as soon as possible, however.
What is the most appropriate time to perform dental implants after tooth extraction?
The answer varies from patient to patient as we have a number of potential options.
Immediate implantation immediately after tooth extraction
If some conditions are met, Immediately place the dental implant in the jawbone after tooth extraction During the same appointment, this option will be suitable for you in the absence of aperiodontal disease And you have a thick, healthy jawbone.
It usually occurs 2-3 months after extraction. This short waiting period allows the gums to heal and gives your body a chance to fight off any infection you may have. Most of the time this will allow patients to avoid getting a bone graft.
Dental implants are performed 3 months or more after extraction, and this is usually the best option for individuals who have experienced damage to oral tissues either due to advanced gum disease or other reasons.
You may need bone grafting or other procedures before you are eligible for dental implant surgery. Our center has the latest implant methods by the most skilled specialists in Turkey. You can contact us For free advice.
Tooth extraction complications
One of the complications of tooth extraction is the occurrence of dry alveolitis, it is not an infection that involves the bones in the extraction area that have become exposed either due to lack of blood clotting or because the clot has come out.
A dry socket can cause severe, bifurcated pain that usually begins a few days after a tooth extraction. bad breath If a person has severe pain that begins two to three days after surgery, they should see a dentist.
Treatment will involve cleaning the area with a serum and applying a medicated paste over the exposed bone to protect it.
People can usually prevent a dry socket by following their dentist's instructions for aftercare especially by non Smoking after surgery.
Infection is another complication and can occur when bacteria infect the gum line in and around the cavity within one to two days after surgery.
Anyone experiencing any of the following symptoms of infection should contact their dentist:
- persistent swelling
- Pus and redness in or around the extraction site
- Swollen glands in the neck
If a person does not experience any complications during recovery, he does not need to follow up with the dentist. Some types of sutures dissolve and do not need to be removed.
Your dentist or oral surgeon may schedule a one-week follow-up to check how the extraction site is recovering.
Does wisdom tooth extraction affect the shape of the face?
BIn general, wisdom tooth extraction alone does not affect the shape of the face. But in the case of multiple teeth, of course, this will affect the shape of the jaw. But this effect can be reduced by Direct dental implants Or by dental bridges treatment. The change can also be modified by orthodontics.
Tooth extraction costs
The cost of tooth extraction varies depending on factors such as:
- The place where the person lives.
- dislocation type.
- How complicated is the extraction process?
- The doctor who performs the procedure, as specialized oral surgeons usually charge more than general dentists.
Additional anesthetics such as nitrous oxide increase the cost and the extraction fee does not include the cost of any initial examination and x-rays required to see if the tooth needs to be removed.
It is important to have a consultation with your dentist or oral surgeon to discuss all costs of the procedure early on.
Summary about extraction of molars and teeth in Turkey
Prior to the tooth extraction, the person will meet with the dentist or oral surgeon to discuss the details of the procedure.
During this consultation, the doctor will take a complete medical history and ask about past and current health problems and treatments to ensure that the correct safety measures are in place.
The person should ask about costs and share any concerns about additional sedation.
Before a tooth is extracted, the dentist or oral surgeon numbs the area with a local anesthetic, which makes the procedure painless, but discomfort may persist.
A person can take several steps to help speed up healing, but it is important to avoid irritating or irritating the site of the extraction. This will help the blood clot and heal.