Gingivitis is a common and mild disease that occurs as a result of an infection of the tissues surrounding the teeth Therapy Periodontitis available in Turkey via this article.
Gingivitis is usually caused by the accumulation of a layer of plaque or bacteria on the surfaces of the teeth. Gingivitis is non-destructive, but when left untreated, it can develop into periodontitis, which is the most serious form and can eventually lead to tooth loss.
Signs and symptoms of gingivitis
In mild cases of inflammation, there may be no noticeable symptoms or discomfort, but in general there are several signs of inflammation and gum disease, including:
- Pain, redness and swelling of the gums
- Gum swelling and severe swelling
- The surface of the gums is smooth
- Gums bleed easily when brushing or flossing
- Tender gums that may be painful to touch
- bad breath
- receding gums
In mild cases of gingivitis, patients may not even know they have it because the symptoms are mild and the signs of gingivitis are not noticeable. However, the condition must be taken seriously and treated immediately.
Types of periodontitis
There are two main categories of gum disease:
Gingivitis caused by dental plaque buildup: This can be caused by plaque and dental plaque, systemic factors, medications, or poor nutrition.
Non-plaque gum lesions: can be caused by certain bacteria, viruses, or fungi. It may also be caused by genetic factors, systemic conditions (including allergic reactions and certain diseases), wounds, or reactions to foreign objects such as dentures Sometimes there is no identifiable cause.
Causes of gingivitis
The most common cause of gingivitis is the accumulation of bacterial plaque between and around the teeth, where plaque provokes an immune response, which in turn can eventually lead to the destruction of gum tissue, and can lead to further complications including tooth loss.
Dental plaque is a layer that naturally accumulates on the teeth and is usually formed as a result of colonization by bacteria trying to adhere to the smooth surface of the tooth.
These bacteria may help protect the mouth from colonizing harmful microorganisms, but plaque can also cause tooth decay and gum problems such as gingivitis, chronic periodontitis, and gingivitis.
When the plaque is not removed enough it can harden and turn into calculus, or tartar, at the base of the teeth near the gums. The plaque is yellow and can only be removed in the dental office.
Plaque and tartar eventually lead to irritation, redness and swelling of the gums, causing gingivitis around the base of the teeth.
Other causes and risk factors for gingivitis
- Changes in hormones: These may occur during puberty, menopause, the menstrual cycle and pregnancy, when the gums become more sensitive, increasing the risk of gingivitis.
- Some diseases: related cancer Diabetes, HIV and AIDS increase the risk of developing gingivitis.
- Medications: Oral health may be affected by some medications, especially if saliva flow decreases. Dilantin, an anticonvulsant, and some anti-angina medications can cause abnormal growth of gum tissue.
- Smoking: proven Studies Regular smokers are more likely to get gingivitis than non-smokers.
- Age: The risk of developing gingivitis increases with age.
- Poor diet: Vitamin C deficiency, for example, has been linked to gum disease.
- Family history: Those whose parents have had gingivitis have a higher risk of developing it as well, this is thought to be due to the type of bacteria we acquire during our early life.
Methods of diagnosing gingivitis in Turkey
Your dentist or oral hygienist will check for gingivitis predisposing factors such as plaque and tartar buildup within the oral cavity.
It may also be recommended to check for signs of periodontitis. This can be done with an X-ray or by examining the periodontal tissues of the teeth using an instrument that measures the depths of the periodontal pocket.
Complications of periodontitis
Treating gingivitis and following the instructions of a dental hygienist usually prevents complications, but if left untreated, gum disease can develop and affect the health of tissues, teeth and bones.
- abscess Or an infection of the gums or jawbone
- Periodontitis, a more serious condition that can lead to bone and tooth loss
- recurrent gingivitis
- Acute necrotic ulcerative gingivitis, in which a bacterial infection leads to ulceration of the gums
Several studies have linked gum disease, such as periodontitis, to cardiovascular disease, including heart attacks or strokes, and other reports have found an association with lung disease risk.
Gingivitis treatment in Turkey
If the diagnosis is made in the early stage, gingivitis is often treated in Turkey by establishing good oral hygiene, such as brushing and flossing for longer periods and more frequently, in addition to using an antiseptic mouthwash, so gingivitis is successfully reversed and recovery is achieved.
In some cases, treatment can also be based on care by a dentist, such as:Teeth cleaning from tartar in the clinic And follow-up procedures that the patient performs at home.
How is gingivitis followed up in the dental clinic in Turkey
In the event of the presence of tartar, the home treatment is not sufficient, and here you need to visit the dental clinic where the plaque and tartar are removed, this procedure is known as by scalingThis procedure can be uncomfortable, especially if the tartar buildup is extensive or the gums are very sensitive.
The dentist will also explain the importance of oral hygiene and how to brush and floss effectively.
Follow-up appointments with frequent cleanings may be recommended if necessary.
Treating any damaged teeth also makes it easier to maintain oral hygiene and establish a healthy oral environment.
Some dental problems such as poorly positioned teeth or crowns Poorly designed bridges can make it difficult to remove plaque and tartar properly, which can also irritate the gums.
Home care to prevent gingivitis
To maintain your oral health, it is recommended to:
- Brush your teeth at least twice a day
- Use an electric toothbrush
- Use dental floss at least once a day
- Rinse the mouth regularly with an antiseptic mouthwash
Your dentist can recommend an appropriate toothbrush and mouthwash.
Remember: you have to beware of losing your teeth due to gum disease, brush your teeth twice a day, clean between your teeth daily, follow a balanced diet, and schedule regular visits to the dentist to get a healthy smile for a long time.
Why should I choose treatment in Turkey?
Frequently asked questions about periodontitis treatment in Turkey
Does gingivitis go away?
Gum disease can only go away with immediate care. Once you have gingivitis, you should start treatment right away to prevent the disease from getting worse.
What is the main cause of gingivitis?
Gum disease is an infection that affects the gums as a result of poor oral hygiene. When plaque or food residues are left on the teeth and hardened, gum disease develops.
Can gingivitis be exacerbated?
Gingivitis, if left untreated, can turn into periodontitis, a more serious condition that threatens not only tooth loss but the possibility of inflammation and infection spreading to the lymph nodes, eyes, and heart.
How long does it take for gingivitis to heal longer treatment?
In most cases, gingivitis disappears within 10 to 14 days. If the gingivitis is more serious, it may take longer.