Gingivitis is a common and mild disease that occurs as a result of infection of the tissues surrounding the teeth Therapy Periodontitis available in Turkey via this article.
Gingivitis is usually caused by the accumulation of a layer of plaque or bacteria on the surfaces of the teeth. Gingivitis is non-destructive, but when left untreated, it can develop into periodontitis, which is the most serious form and can eventually lead to tooth loss.
Signs and symptoms of gingivitis
In mild cases of inflammation, there may be no noticeable discomfort or symptoms, but in general, there are several early signs of inflammation and gum disease, including:
- Pain, redness, and swelling of the gums
- Gum swelling and severe swelling
- The surface of the gums is smooth
- Gums bleed easily when brushing or flossing
- Tender gums that may be painful to touch
- bad breath
- receding gums
In mild cases of gingivitis, patients may not even know they have it because the symptoms are mild and the signs of gingivitis are not noticeable. However, the condition must be taken seriously and treated immediately.
Types of periodontitis
There are two main categories of gum disease:
Periodontitis caused by the accumulation of dental plaque
This can be caused by plaque and dental plaque, systemic factors, medications, or poor nutrition.
Periodontal lesions not caused by dental plaque
It can be caused by certain bacteria, viruses, or fungi. It may also be caused by genetic factors, systemic conditions (including allergic reactions and certain diseases), wounds, or reactions to foreign objects such as denturesSometimes there is no specific cause.
Causes of gingivitis
The most common cause of gingivitis is the accumulation of bacterial plaque between and around the teeth, where plaque provokes an immune response, which in turn can eventually lead to the destruction of gum tissue, and can lead to further complications including tooth loss.
Dental plaque is a layer that naturally accumulates on the teeth and is usually formed as a result of colonization by bacteria trying to adhere to the smooth surface of the tooth.
These bacteria may help protect the mouth from colonizing harmful microorganisms but can also cause plaque tooth decay and gum problems such as gingivitis, chronic periodontitis and periodontitis.
When the plaque is not removed enough it can harden and turn into calculus, or tartar, at the base of the teeth near the gums. The plaque is yellow and can only be removed in the dental office.
Plaque and tartar eventually lead to irritation, redness and swelling of the gums, causing gingivitis around the base of the teeth.
Other causes and risk factors for gingivitis
- Changes in hormones: may occur during puberty, menopause, the menstrual cycle and pregnancy, when the gums become more sensitive, which increases the risk of inflammation.
- Some diseases: related cancer and diabetes The human immunodeficiency virus (AIDS) increases the risk of developing gingivitis.
- Medications: Oral health may be affected by some medications, especially if saliva flow decreases. Dilantin, an anticonvulsant, and some anti-angina medications cause abnormal growth of gum tissue.
- Tobacco Consumption: proved Studies Regular smokers are more likely to get gingivitis than non-smokers.
- Age: The risk of developing gingivitis increases with age.
- Poor diet: Vitamin C deficiency, for example, has been linked to gum disease.
- Family history: Those whose parents have had gingivitis have a higher risk of developing it as well, this is thought to be due to the type of bacteria we acquire during our early life.
Methods of diagnosing gingivitis in Turkey
Your dentist or oral hygienist will check for predisposing factors such as plaque and tartar buildup in the oral cavity.
It may also be recommended to check for signs of periodontitis. This can be done with an X-ray or by examining the periodontal tissues of the teeth using an instrument that measures the depths of the periodontal pocket.
Complications of periodontitis
Treating gingivitis and following the instructions of a dental hygienist usually prevents complications, but if left untreated, gum disease can develop and affect the health of tissues, teeth and bones.
- abscess Or an infection of the gums or jawbone
- Periodontitis, a more serious condition that can lead to bone and tooth loss
- Recurrent gingivitis
- Acute necrotic ulcerative gingivitis, where a bacterial infection leads to ulceration of the gums
Several studies have linked periodontal diseases such as periodontitisCardiovascular disease, including heart attacks or strokes, and other reports have found an association with lung disease risk.
Gingivitis treatment in Turkey
If the diagnosis is made in the early stage, gingivitis is often treated in Turkey by establishing good oral hygiene, such as brushing and flossing for longer periods and more frequently, in addition to using an antiseptic mouthwash, so gingivitis is successfully reversed and healing is achieved.
In some cases, treatment can also be based on care by a dentist, such as:Teeth cleaning from tartar in the clinic And follow-up procedures that the patient performs at home.
How is periodontitis treatment followed up in the dental clinic in Turkey
In the case of tartar, home treatment of gingivitis is not sufficient, and here you need to visit a doctor, who will remove the plaque and tartar. This procedure is known as tartar. by scalingThis procedure can be uncomfortable, especially if the tartar buildup is extensive or the gums are very sensitive.
The dentist will also explain the importance of oral hygiene, how to brush and floss effectively, and its importance in preventing and treating gingivitis.
Follow-up appointments with frequent cleanings may be recommended if necessary.
Treating any damaged teeth also makes it easier to maintain oral hygiene and establish a healthy oral environment.
Some dental problems such as poorly positioned teeth or crowns Poorly designed bridges can make it difficult to remove plaque and tartar properly, which can also lead to bleeding and irritation of the gums.
Home care to prevent gum infections
To maintain your oral health, it is recommended to:
- Brush your teeth at least twice a day
- Use an electric toothbrush
- Use dental floss at least once a day
- Rinse the mouth regularly with an antiseptic mouthwash
Your dentist can recommend an appropriate toothbrush and mouthwash.
Remember: you have to take care not to lose your teeth due to gum disease, brush your teeth twice a day, clean between your teeth daily, eat a balanced diet and schedule regular visits to the dentist to get a healthy smile for a long time.