The most important causes of gum pain and swelling that you must know

Causes of gum pain

Gum pain is a common problem for many people, there are a variety of causes of gum pain and inflammation that lead to red and swollen gums, all of which we will discuss through the article.

When we talk about oral health, the focus is usually on preventing tooth decay Just ignoring the importance of healthy gums in maintaining the durability of teeth, as gums play a major role not only in the health of your teeth but also in your general health.

Causes of gum pain

There are many different causes of gingivitis and its pain. Whatever the causes of gum pain, there are steps you can take to reduce gum damage and discomfort.


The first stage of gum disease is called gingivitisIt is an infection of the tissues surrounding the teeth and is most often caused by the accumulation of dental plaque on the surfaces of the teeth.

One of the causes of gum pain and inflammation when a person does not clean his teeth properly is a layer of plaque that contains bacteria that accumulates on the surfaces of the teeth.

If you develop gingivitis, you can recover in its early stages by maintaining proper oral hygiene, but if left untreated, it can worsen and eventually lead to tooth loss.

Gum infections in most infected people may not be accompanied by pain, and here is the importance of scheduling regular dental examinations at the dentist.

If you experience the following symptoms even if you have no complaints, be sure to seek medical attention:

  • A change in the way the teeth fit together when biting or in the way they fit together when biting dentures partial
  • Deep pockets form between the teeth and gums
  • Swollen gums in the upper jaw with or without pain
  • Gums that bleed during and after brushing teeth
  • misaligned or misaligned teeth
  • bad breath Persistent or bad taste in the mouth
  • ebb receding gums
  • Periodontal pain around the molars
  • Gums that are red, swollen, or painfulGingivitis is one of the causes of gum pain

When gingivitis progresses, it turns into periodontitis, which is a common cause of pain and damage to the gums and the bones that hold the teeth in place.

The bacteria on the teeth secrete toxic substances that harm the gums and cause them to become infected. The infection and inflammation that occurs when the body attacks the bacteria can lead to the deterioration of the inflamed gums and jaw bones further, in this case the dentist may recommend a procedure Surgery To repair bone or gum loss that the condition has caused.

So you have to be careful if you have swollen, painful and chronically bleeding gums because if the condition is neglected and not treated, it may lead to tooth loss and you need to replace these missing teeth withplanting To restore physiological functions again.

Teeth brushing methods

One of the reasons for your gum pain may be that you tend to brush your teeth too hard in an attempt to keep your teeth clean, but brushing the wrong way may damage the delicate tissues that form the gums.

Whether you choose a manual or electric toothbrush, be sure to choose a brush with soft nylon bristles with blunt ends, and beware of using medium or hard bristles, as they damage the enamel of your teeth or cause redness and swelling in the gums.

When brushing your teeth, be sure to use gentle circular motions to massage and clean your teeth and gums.

Although many people prefer to use a forward and backward movement, this movement can irritate and hurt the gums, making them painful and more prone to bleeding andReceding gums.

Brushing teeth properly to avoid gum pain

Use of dental floss

We all know the importance of flossing daily to help remove plaque and food particles from places where a toothbrush can't reach.

To make sure your healthy habit isn't a cause of sore, swollen, or bleeding gums, be gentle when flossing. Instead of putting the floss between your teeth and pushing it hard, gently move it up and down, following the curve of each tooth.


One of the causes of gum pain is burns. A person may burn his gums with hot foods such as pizza or coffee, forget the details of the incident, and then feel pain later in the burned area.

If you don't continue to irritate the burn with hot foods or aggressive brushing, the gum tissue will usually heal within 10 days to two weeks.

mouth ulcers

One of the common causes of gum pain is mouth ulcersThese painful sores can develop anywhere inside the mouth, including the gums, and often have a white center with red edges.

These sore areas are not contagious and often recur over time. A single sore may appear in only one area of your gums, or multiple sores may appear at the same time all over your mouth.

The cause of the sores is still unknown, but sometimes there may be bacterial or viral involvement, and people with some autoimmune diseases are more likely to develop gum problems caused by mouth sores.

If you have persistent pain from sores on your gums that lasts longer than two weeks, make an appointment with your dentist for a full diagnosis and treatment recommendation.
Mouth sores are one of the causes of gum pain


Chemotherapy can have one of the causes of gum pain due to a number of unpleasant side effects including a feeling of bleeding and swollen gums, which many people who undergofor chemotherapy Cancer from inflammation of the gingival mucous membranes, which causes the formation of painful blisters On the gums and all over the mouth.

Tobacco Products

The use of cigarettes and other tobacco products can be very harmful to the gums and one of the main causes of gum pain is for peoplemore vulnerable For gum disease are people who smoke.

Pay attention, usually Tobacco Your gums will cause you a number of gum problems, from sensitive, bleeding gums to painful sores.


A bacterial or viral infection can cause paranasal sinuses Swelling in the sinus cavity, some people suffer from pain in the gums and teeth.

hormonal changes

Hormonal changes in women are one of the causes of gum pain and swelling in many cases.


Rising hormones during puberty can increase blood flow to the gums, making them red, swollen, and sensitive.


For women withgingivitis During menstruation, the gums become red and swollen and more likely to bleed shortly before each period. These problems usually subside after the start of the period.


Periodontitis begins During pregnancy Usually in the second or third month of pregnancy and continues until the eighth month, causing sore, swollen and bleeding gums.

Use of oral contraceptive products may also cause similar gum problems.


Although it is uncommon, some women going through menopause may also find that their gums have become extremely dry and therefore painful and bleed easily.

tooth abscess

The infection near the root of the tooth forms an abscess that can lead to inflammation and swelling of the gums, and it is one of the causes of gum pain.

If your dentist diagnoses tooth abscess You will have to start treatment immediately, which often requires a procedure Tooth root canal treatment.

Full and partial dentures

dentures With all and part types that don't fit properly being a cause of gum pain and irritation, this constant irritation can lead to tissue damage and gum disease.

You can work with your dentist to adjust the fit of your dentures and relieve gum pain.

Vitamin deficiency

Proper nutrition supports good oral health, which includes getting enough B vitamins and vitamin C.

Vitamin deficiency such as scurvy can be one of the causes of gum pain in a number of cases due to swelling and inflammation of the gums, among other symptoms.

Vitamin deficiencies can be treated by maintaining a healthy, balanced diet that meets the recommended daily requirements for vitamins and minerals.

Tips to prevent gum pain, swelling and bleeding

  1. Brush your teeth at least twice a day. Make sure you follow the proper brushing technique. If you're not sure what to do, ask your dentist or dental hygienist to help you figure out the right way to brush.
  2. Floss once a day. It doesn't take more than a few minutes, but flossing may be the most important thing you can do to prevent gum problems now and in the future.
  3. Rinse with mouthwash daily. Antiseptic mouthwash kills bacteria that cause gum disease.
  4. Eat a well-balanced diet. A well-balanced diet including plenty of vitamin C and calcium may reduce your chance of developing gum problems.
  5. Drink plenty of water. Drinking water, especially after eating, can help wash your teeth from food and reduce the possibility of bacteria forming plaques that are harmful to your gums.
  6. Say no to tobacco. If you smoke cigarettes or use other tobacco products, try to quit Tobacco.
  7. Be careful about very hot or cold foods and drinks. When you have gum problems, you may feel more comfortable eating lukewarm foods and drinks.
  8. Relax, stress increases levels of the stress hormone cortisol, which increases the likelihood of inflammation all over the body, including the gums.
  9. Make sure to keep regular visits to the dental clinic, as you may need a procedure Deep cleaning of the gums To avoid periodic gingivitis.


  1. healthline
  2. buoy health
  3. WebMD

Frequently Asked Questions

The use of cigarettes and other tobacco products can be very harmful to the gums. The people most at risk of developing gum disease are smokers.

Be aware that your smoking habit will cause you a number of gum problems from sensitive bleeding gums to painful sores.

Yes, many women find that they suffer from gum problems during hormonal changes such as puberty, menstruation, pregnancy and menopause.

Dentures, complete or partial, that do not fit properly can cause gum pain and irritation, and this constant irritation can lead to tissue damage and gum disease.

You can work with your dentist to adjust the fit of your dentures and relieve gum pain.

There are several possible causes such as: gingivitis, mouth ulcers, smoking, hormonal changes, using the wrong toothbrush and floss, and many other reasons.

Chemotherapy can have a number of unpleasant side effects including painful, swollen, and bleeding gums. Many people undergoing cancer treatment develop inflammation of the gingival mucous membranes, causing painful sores on the gums and throughout the mouth.

If you are planning for treatment in Turkey
you can talk to us here.

If you are planning for treatment in Turkey
you can talk to us here.