Pericoronitis is swelling and infection of the gum tissue around the wisdom tooth and is more common around the lower wisdom tooth. We will learn about its symptoms and treatment in Turkey through the article.
Pericoronitis is a common inflammation condition in the twenties that occurs when the tooth does not have enough space to erupt and it only partially comes out of the gums, which leads to inflammation of the gum tissue surrounding the tooth. It usually occurs around the wisdom teeth, which are the third and last set of molars that erupt in most people. Late teens or early twenties.
Causes of pericoronitis
Pericoronitis can occur when wisdom teeth erupt only partially through the gums. A soft tissue growth over a partially erupting wisdom tooth is called the periodontal shelf.
Food debris after eating can get trapped under the gingival covering, allowing bacteria to enter around the teeth and cause infection and swelling.
If it stays there it can irritate the gums and lead to pericoronitis. In serious cases, the swelling and infection may extend beyond the jaw to the cheeks and neck and spread, causing croup ludwig It is a life-threatening condition.
Risk factors for pericarditis
Factors that may increase your risk of developing pericoronitis or pericoronitis include:
- Being in your twenties
- upper respiratory infections
- poor oral health
Symptoms of pericarditis
Symptoms of pericarditis can be acute, short-term, or chronic, persistent.
Acute symptoms include:
- Swelling around the tooth andgingivitis due to fluid buildup
- purulent ooze
- Trismus or difficulty opening the mouth and jaw
- pain when swallowing
- Sepsis and infection
- Swollen lymph nodes under the lower jaw in the neck
Chronic symptoms include:
- Sometimes mild pain or mild discomfort
- Feeling a bad taste in the mouth
Diagnosis of pericoronitis
The dentist will examine the wisdom teeth to see if they have erupted and to determine if they have partially erupted.
He may take periodic x-rays to see where the wisdom tooth is located, and the dentist will notice any symptoms such as swelling or infection and check for the presence of the gum around the wisdom tooth.
Treatment of pericoronitis
Pericoronitis, or pericoronitis, is treated by a general dentist or one of these specialists:
- Pediatric dentist or pediatric dentist
- Dental nerve specialist
- oral surgeon
Treatments for pericarditis include:
If the symptoms of pericoronitis are localized to the area around the tooth and it has not spread, the dentist may try to just clean the area well and remove any food residues and drain any pus, you will need to make sure to keep the gums free of any trapped food particles.
You can take pain relievers such as aspirin, acetaminophen or ibuprofen. Your dentist may also prescribe pain relievers.
If there is swelling and pain in the area of the swollen teeth, jaw and cheek, consult a dentist immediately. They can treat the infection with antibiotics after doing a sensitivity test.
If the pain and inflammation are severe, or if the pericoronitis recurs, a procedure may be necessary mouth surgery To remove the gums or Wisdom toothYour dentist can make the appropriate referral to an oral and maxillofacial surgeon.
It is important to treat the symptoms of pericoronitis quickly to prevent the spread of infection and reduce the risk of complications.
A low-level laser may be used to reduce the pain and inflammation associated with pericarditis.
If your wisdom teeth are still unable to erupt normally, you may need to have them surgery to remove it The dentist may recommend extraction of the upper and lower wisdom teeth to prevent the upper teeth from biting into the gums and causing another infection.
Several associated complications can arise if the symptoms are not treated promptly. The most important complications of pericoronitis are:
- The infection may spread from the affected area, causing swelling and pain in other parts of the head and neck.
- Trismus, where a person finds it difficult to open the mouth or bite.
- In rare cases, complications of pericoronitis can be life-threatening, as untreated pericoronitis can lead to Ludwig's angina It is an infection that spreads under the jaw and tongue.
- This condition can cause other deep infections in the head, neck, or throat.
- There is also a possibility that the infection could spread into the bloodstream, in a condition known as bacteremia, which can be life-threatening.
Pericoronitis usually does not cause long-term effects if the wisdom tooth has fully erupted or has erupted remove it Pericoronitis will not recur in that area.
When a tooth is removed, a person can usually expect a full recovery after about two weeks. During recovery, the following can occur:
- jaw stiffness
- bad taste in mouth
- feeling pain
- Tingling or numbness in the mouth and face (less common)
It is essential to follow all aftercare instructions. A person should contact their dentist or oral surgeon if they have severe or throbbing pain, fever, or bleeding.
The most important thing in the treatment of pericoronitis is to ensure that the person receives the appropriate treatment so that this painful condition can be treated as quickly as possible.
Prevention of inflammation around the crown
Steps people can take to try to reduce the chance of developing pericarditis include:
good oral hygiene
It is a good idea to additionally clean around the affected tooth to remove food debris and bacteria.
Regular visits to the dentist
Regular check-ups will help the dentist identify any signs or problems associated with pericarditis, increasing the chance of early treatment.
Take precautionary measures
It is recommended to contact a dentist when a person has any concerns about the development of pericoronitis. You can contact the Bimaristan Center here For more information or to book appointments.