What is a dental crown?

Dental crown veneer

Learn about the types of dental crowns used in this article teeth medicine You can also learn about the best types of dental crowns used in Turkey and Istanbul

What is dental crown veneer?

Dental crowns can help restore broken, cracked, and decayed teeth.

A crown is a tooth-shaped covering that encloses the entire visible portion of the tooth.

There are several reasons why someone might use a suitable crown:

  • To restore a broken, damaged or fractured tooth.
  • To increase the strength of weak teeth.
  • In case of tooth decay and loss of a lot of filling.
  • To improve the cosmetic appearance of the teeth.
  • To restore a tooth that previously had a very large filling that has fallen apart.
  • To strengthen and fill the tooth at the root canal (the space inside the tooth).
3D dental crown crowns in Turkey
3D dental crown crowns in Turkey

Crowns can be made of different materials. Some are metallic in color while some are designed to look like natural teeth. 

Before dental technology developed to allow dental crowns to be performed, the only way to deal with damaged or severely decayed teeth was to remove them. With dental crowns, dentists now have a way to preserve much of the tooth structure and avoid the discomfort of tooth extraction, or to live a lifetime with a removable prosthesis, such as a full denture or partial denture.

Unlike a dental filling, which only repairs part of a tooth, a crown restores the entire tooth. Covered teeth can function as if they were natural teeth.

What is the difference between wearing a tooth crown and a tooth cap?

You may have heard the terms "crown" and "cap" and wonder what the difference is. Well, it turns out that the crown and the cap are both names for the same thing.

“Dental cap” is a less technical term for “dental crown,” but both refer to a complete tooth covering placed over the drilled tooth. Some people might say the "crown" is metallic while the "cap" is tooth-colored, but that's not a significant difference to dentists.

We'll use both terms interchangeably in this article, but by now you know that they refer to the same thing.

Another term that may refer to a dental crown is "inlay". An inlay is a similar restoration that can be created in a more conservative way in maintaining a healthy tooth structure. 

Types of dental crowns

The most common materials for making dental crowns are:

Crowns are made from a variety of materials
Crowns are made from a variety of materials
  • ceramics: It can include porcelain or zirconia, colored to match the surrounding teeth
  • alloy mineral: They include gold, platinum, palladium and non-precious metals; Either “white” (silver in color) or “yellow” (golden in color). Some people may get gold crowns because they love the aesthetics of gold teeth.
  • Porcelain fused to metal (PFM): A combination of the above, with ceramic fused into an inner metal crown
  • Resin (resin): Cheaper than other types and not very long lasting - they can be used for temporary crowns while you are waiting for a permanent crown.

The best material for dental crowns in Turkey

Ceramic dental crown
Ceramic dental crown

Each dental crown material has advantages and disadvantages, so which crown material is right for you will depend on the teeth being covered, the aesthetics you desire, and how long you need them to last.

Ceramic crowns are made in a laboratory and built layer by layer. This gives them the same translucent appearance as natural teeth and makes them a popular choice for the front teeth that will appear when talking or laughing. They can also be made alongside a waiting chair using a new crown milling technique. These are great because they can be worn in just one visit without the need for a temporary crown.

The downside to any ceramic material is that despite its extreme strength, it is more brittle than metal and is susceptible to cracking or deteriorating over time, but when properly manufactured, it is expected to last more than 15 years.

Gold dental crowns and dental crowns made of other metal alloys are more durable. They have the added benefit of being biocompatible with the teeth, which means that the occluded tooth should not cause any damage or erosion to the biting (uncovered) teeth. The golden crown can last a lifetime if the patient does his duty to keep himself clean and healthy.

Dental crown made of porcelain fused to metal
Dental crown made of porcelain fused to metal

The obvious drawback of any metal crown is the color. Many people simply do not want gold or silver teeth to appear in their mouth, even if they are hidden in the back.

For others, having a gold-toothed crown is very attractive and they may go so far as to have it engraved or encrusted with precious stones!

Porcelain fused to metal crowns provide some of the strength of the metal with the aesthetics of porcelain crowns. However, they usually do not look exactly like natural teeth due to the way they are made up of layers. The ceramic coating can still be chipped or damaged, but the metal underneath will remain. If the gums recede over time, a dark gray metallic streak may be seen and may be considered completely unattractive.

How much does a crown cost without health insurance in Turkey?

Silver crowns cost from 300 TL to 700 TL while all-ceramic crowns sometimes cost up to 1500 TL each. While crowns are expensive, they are an essential part of many dental procedures. They shouldn't be discarded just because of the price.

As with any DentalDental cap prices vary greatly from place to place and from one dental clinic to another. It is worth taking a look and comparing prices between dentists near you, especially if you need to crown more than one of your teeth.

There is also more to consider than just the cost of a dental cap; As discussed above, there are pros and cons to each type of crown. In addition to asking your dentist about the costs of a dental crown, inquire about the different options that might be right for you. A good thing is to ask your doctor what he would pick in his mouth if he found himself in a similar situation.

As you can see from the table below, full metal crowns are generally the least expensive, and full ceramic is the most expensive. Anterior dental crowns can be more expensive as more time is required to give them a natural appearance.

Taj Sirik in one day metal crown Ceramic crown (porcelain) Porcelain fused to metal (PFM) crown crown type
700 – 2,000 300 – 700 800 – 2,000 600 – 1,800 the cost
It can be cut just like porcelain excellent; long-term Least durable material prone to breakage or chip Although the metal inside is strong, the porcelain outside can crack Strength / Durability
The fast production process makes it difficult to achieve a natural look Easily noticeable in gold or silver Created to look like natural teeth Colored teeth, but not always as transparent as natural teeth aesthetic
Other teeth you bite can gradually erode It will not damage other teeth Other teeth you bite can gradually erode Other teeth you bite may gradually erode other notes

If you need more than one crown, your dentist may offer you a lower price per crown. However, material and time costs for each crown remain pretty much the same no matter how many you have.

Reducing the cost of a dental crown in Turkey

Metal crowns may be cheaper, and while private dental insurance may cover some or all of the costs you incur at different stages of the process, this treatment is often only covered after a waiting period - usually between three months and one year after private insurance begins your.

If you are choosing to have dental caps for cosmetic reasons, check if this is included in your insurance policy.

Read more about dental plans in Turkey, including what is included and what is not covered by some providers. Keep in mind that you may have to pay for a root canal (empty space between teeth) treatment in addition to your crown.

For purely cosmetic improvements, artificial teeth (veneers) may also be an option. Talk to your dentist to find out which option is best for you.

Dental crown installation process in Turkey

First visit: preparation

The dental crown procedure involves removing about 1 to 2 millimeters of tooth structure to ensure a proper fit and long-term function.

But before that, your dentist may take x-rays to make sure your teeth are healthy enough to invest in and check for any underlying complications. If all is well, the dentist will numb your teeth and surrounding gums with anesthetic, a type of dental anesthetic.

Root canal (empty space) treatment may be necessary before the crown if you have pain, severe fissure or decay in the nerve. It's also possible for the dentist to surgically remove some of the gum tissue to create a better base for the hood.

Your dentist will also remove all traces of decay and any material from previous fillings. If a large section of the tooth is removed, he may build it again using a filling material. Once this is done, the dental preparation should include a slight cooling to be thinner at the top, so that the dental cap can slide over it easily.

Next, the dentist takes a digital impression or scan of the remainder of the tooth so that he or she can create the perfect crown for it. It can take 2-3 weeks for a crown to be made in a specialized laboratory, so the dentist places a temporary covering (made of resin or acrylic) to stop any sensitivity in the tooth and keep it functional and looking nice in the meantime.

The color of the temporary dental cap should match your natural teeth, but the material and finish are not as good as the permanent one at the end. At this point, your dentist will also choose the shade for your crown if you're going to make it out of a material that matches your teeth.

This first visit usually takes between 45 minutes and 1 hour.

Second visit: installation 

Once the permanent crown arrives, you will visit the dentist again to have it fitted. The temporary dental cap will be removed, and the dentist may numb the tooth again to avoid any sensitivity during this time.

Dentists use micro-drills to make improvements when installing crowns

After checking that the new crown fits perfectly, your dentist will place dental adhesive or resin adhesive (resin) inside the crown and press it down over your tooth. Any excess that has leaked from the crown will be scraped off, and the process is then completed.

If you have any concerns about the color or shape of a permanent crown (especially for the crown of anterior teeth), be sure to speak with your doctor before having it installed. Also, make sure your dentist allows you to take a look at it before the final installation. Consider going out to look at it in natural light, which can be more subtle. It's hard to make any changes once your new dental cap is in place, and you'll have to live with it for a long time!

The duration of this second visit depends on the number of adjustments needed before the crown can be installed, but on average it takes 30 minutes - 1 hour.

Your hooded teeth might look a little weird at first because they won't be exactly like your original teeth. As long as it doesn't bite your tongue, you should get used to it within two weeks.

Seric crown installationCEREC) in one day

There is an option on the market that allows you to avoid multiple visits and weeks or months with a temporary crown.

CEREC technology allows dentists to make crowns on site within an hour or so of digital scans taken in your mouth. There is no doubt that this is a more convenient option for patients, and many are happy to abandon the unpleasant dental impression process.

CEREC crowns are relatively new to the market, which means that not a lot of data is available about their long-term performance. However, the general consensus from dentists is that while they are a sturdy and aesthetically pleasing option for back teeth, they cannot match the natural look of handcrafted porcelain crowns for the front teeth.

These dental crowns cost about the same as regular crowns because although there is no lab work and the process is faster, the dentist has to pay a lot for the device that makes them.

Healing and caring for dental crowns 

How long do dental crowns last?

Although crowns are a long-term solution to restoring damaged teeth, they do not last forever. Some materials are more durable than others; Gold, for example, will not crack or corrode as porcelain does.

Your dentist may tell you to expect your crown to last 5 to 15 years, but many last much longer than that. A 2013 study evaluated 2,340 fused-to-metal porcelain-type gold crowns and found that 97% lasted more than 10 years while 85% were still strong after 25 years.

Dental crown made of metal alloys
Dental crown made of metal alloys

Even golden crowns can wear out eventually

The crown will eventually need to be replaced if:

  • Shatter or break (ceramic).
  • It erodes (metal) or causes excessive wear of other teeth (ceramic).
  • The tooth suffers from caries inside.
  • Deterioration of their cosmetic appearance (in the case of the crown of the front teeth).

Gold dental crowns are generally the strongest, but they may erode in some places if the patient has teeth grinding (bruxism). This condition can also be a problem for patients with porcelain crowns as this material is more likely to damage the other teeth you bite into. If you grind your teeth at night, it may be smart to invest in a specially made night guard to keep your natural teeth and crowns protected. It is much cheaper than crowning several teeth due to wear!

Ask the dentist: What are the benefits of a crown?

Dental crowns are used to restore and strengthen damaged teeth, or to replace missing teeth. A crown, also referred to as a cap, is used to completely cover a damaged tooth. A crown not only strengthens the tooth, but can also significantly improve the appearance, shape and description of the tooth.

Temporary crowns are a good option to help resolve the patient's existing problem before the permanent crown is made and fixed in place. It is important to note that temporary crowns are more sensitive to fracture, so it is important to take extra care when brushing, flossing and eating.

You can get to know Transparent 3D orthodontics

Temporary Cover Care

While the temporary dental cap is in place, avoid any chewy or sticky foods (such as gum or soft candy) that may pull it off. It's also best to avoid solid foods, such as raw carrots and apples. Try biting and chewing primarily on the side of your mouth away from the crown, or use the crowned tooth only to bite off very soft foods. 

Permanent dental cover

Your dentist may advise you to avoid harsh, stressful foods for the first day after your crown is fitted. This gives the ceramic enough time to set properly. Once you have regained the normal feeling in your mouth, carefully test the bite of your crown in all directions.

If you feel anything strange, report it to your dentist immediately. It can improve the shape and ensure that your crown does not interfere with your other teeth. The spot you feel raised won't go away on its own and can eventually cause tooth and jaw pain.

In the long run, crowned teeth should be cared for in the same way as regular dental care by brushing twice daily and flossing daily. If you're concerned about dental floss hitting the edge of your crown, consider using a water flosser instead. You should be able to eat whatever you want, but don't use your teeth or crowns as a tool - don't open a plastic bag. Bring scissors!

If your gums begin to recede, this can cause tooth sensitivity in parts of the tooth not covered by the cap. It is therefore important to reduce the risk of gum disease by having your teeth cleaned regularly by an oral hygienist.

In the case of porcelain fused to metal caps, if the filling retracts down where the ceramic coating was placed, the metal will begin to show, creating a visible line at the gum line.

If your crown cracks or comes out completely, contact your dentist right away so they can assess the damage. The chips can be temporarily filled with resin or dental repair kits, but the only permanent solution is to replace the entire crown. It is possible to re-install the crown that came out as long as there is no damage to it.

Dental crown problems

When you get a dental crown, you may encounter the following issues:

Allergies:

Newly crowned teeth can cause sensitivity after the crowning procedure. However, if you are still experiencing dental crown pain, especially when bitten, you should contact your dentist so they can fix it.

loose crown:

The ceramic that holds your crown to the tooth may wear off, causing your crown to become loose. This exposes the teeth and gums underneath to harmful bacteria, so it's important to see your dentist if you think your crown is loose.

Crown tooth hurts after years:

What if you feel pain years after you got the crown? This may be a sign of infection or trauma. It is important to contact your dentist.

Throbbing pain in the tooth after a crown:

This could be a sign of loosened crowns, further damage to the tooth, or infection. You should contact your dentist.

crown fall:

If your crown has fallen out, you should contact your dentist to make an appointment, keep the crown secure and not chew the exposed tooth in the meantime.

broken crown:

Small chips in crowns can be repaired, while larger pieces may require replacement. In either case, contact your dentist in the event of a cracked crown.

Article summary

Dental crowns or coverings are used to protect damaged teeth. Teeth can be damaged by decay, injury, or wear over the years. Crowns are similar to teeth and can be placed over the teeth. They have a comfortable and proven quality for lasting wear. They are usually made of either metal, porcelain, or resin.

Porcelain crowns have the most natural appearance, but they can wear out faster than metal crowns. Many people choose to have porcelain or ceramic teeth in the front, and stronger metal crowns for the back molars.

Sometimes, the crown can become loose or fall off. If this is the case for your tooth, it is important that you see your dentist to get it fixed as soon as possible.

You can learn about dental implants Using a 3D printer

Common Questions

Dental crowns can be made of metal, including nickel, chromium, and gold. They can also be made of porcelain, ceramic, resin (they're cheaper and don't last long) and porcelain fused to metal.

A dental crown can last anywhere from 5 to 20 years in the mouth. The life of your crown will depend on how well you take care of it, and how much wear and tear it undergoes on a daily basis.

Because it requires a great deal of technology and skill on the part of your dentist when placing a crown. Crowns are precisely designed to perfectly fit your teeth. And if they are well made, they function like natural teeth too.

If you are planning treatment in Turkey
Talk here now

English