Tooth decay is one of the most common dental problems in children and adults. It develops in several stages. In the article, we will learn about the types of tooth decay and dental caries treatment options in Turkey.
Tooth decay is a disease that causes the destruction of the enamel, which is the hard outer surface of the tooth. As tooth decay progresses, it can attack the deeper layers of the teeth, leading to the appearance of cavities. But if tooth decay is left untreated, it will damage your teeth and gums to the point that the only real treatment will be either ablation canal treatmentr or Extractions.
People of all ages from childhood to old age can develop cavities as soon as they have teeth.
Young children are at risk of various types of tooth decay. In early childhood, a child may develop tooth decay resulting from a feeding bottle, which is severe caries that affects the child’s teeth.
Many elderly people suffer from receding receding gums Which allows the cavity-causing bacteria in the mouth to come into contact with the root of the tooth, so they can develop cavities on the exposed root surfaces of their teeth.
What is tooth decay?
All types of tooth decay begin when carbohydrate-rich foods such as fruit, candy, bread or milk stick to the surface of your teeth. The bacteria in your mouth will then digest these bits of food and turn them into acid, which leads to a buildup of plaque (plaque) on your teeth.
Since plaque is acidic, it has essential role In caries, it can dissolve the enamel layer on your teeth and create holes in them called cavities. ?
Causes of tooth decay
Some health habits and medical conditions can be causes of tooth decay and caries, such as:
- Not brushing and flossing regularly
- Eating a lot of snacks
- Eat a lot of sugary foods
- Eat foods rich in carbohydrates, such as bread
- Not getting enough fluoride
The plaque that causes cavities must be eliminated. You can reverse early cavities with the right treatment but you cannot reverse and cure a cavity once it has become a certain degree of depth.
Predisposing factors for caries
A person may have a higher chance of developing some types of tooth decay if they:
- he have dry mouth
- Has a weak port due to genetics or disease
- Has an eating disorder such as anorexia or bulimia
- has a case gastroesophageal reflux disease Also known as acid reflux
Tooth decay symptoms
These symptoms include:
- Sudden toothache, especially when eating cold, hot, or sweet things
- Dark spots on the teeth
- Pain when biting
- The appearance of carious cavities
- fillings ragged
- cavities in the teeth
- Food stuck in the teeth
- Difficulty chewing some foods
- dental abscesses Cause pain, facial swelling, or fever
diagnosis Tooth decay in Turkey
Tooth decay can be found during a regular dental exam. Early tooth decay may appear as a white spot on the tooth and if the decay is more advanced it may appear as a dark spot or pits in the tooth.
The dentist can also check the smoothness of the tooth surface or take an X-ray that can show cavities.
Types and stages of tooth decay
The types of tooth decay vary over time with the development of caries through five stages. We will look at each one.
During the first stage of tooth decay, the outer layer of the teeth known as enamel begins to weaken due to the presence of plaque.
As the demineralization process begins, you'll likely start to see white spots on your teeth. This is where the plaque began to remove tooth enamel.
You can reverse the damage caused by plaque by using fluorine mouthwash more often or getting fluorosis treatment from your dentist.
If you allow the enamel to continue to break down, the white spots will start to turn brown and move into the second stage of tooth decay where the enamel begins to deteriorate and tooth decay begins to form.
If the cavities are not filled in time, the dentin may eventually collapse as well, which is the part of the tooth located under the enamel that is softer than enamel and is more sensitive to acid damage.
In this type of tooth decay, the caries will increase from this point onwards. If you do not see the dentist, you will know that you are in this third stage of caries when you start to feel severe tooth sensitivity while drinking hot or cold drinks, especially sugary types, as well as while eating.
If dentin caries is caught early it can be repaired with fillings, if significant damage occurs your dentist will likely remove the decayed portion of your teeth and place Crown over the remaining tooth structure.
One of the most dangerous types of tooth decay is when the decay reaches the dental pulp, or as it is rumored to be called the nerve, which is the layer under the dentin in the lower part of the tooth and includes the blood vessels and nerves that maintain the teeth and provide sensation in them.
Once the pulp tooth decay spreads, your tooth may start to swell and pressure begin to build because your teeth cannot expand with the pulp, causing some pain.
The final stage of pulp injury involves its death also known as pulp necrosis.
You may experience the following symptoms when the pulp dies:
- Change the color of the tooth to gray to black
- Teeth smell bad
- swelling around the tooth
- Bad taste in your mouth
You will need Tooth root canal treatment For the treatment of damaged pulp of the tooth.
be an abscess
In this last stage of tooth decay, certain types of bacteria enter the decaying pulp, which usually leads to infection, and eventually may form abscess In the lower part of the tooth causing severe pain that can spread to the rest of the mouth, gums, face and jaw causing a medical condition called Bcroup ludwig It is a life-threatening condition that must be treated immediately.
The effects of tooth decay on the body
- Luding's Strangulation Form
The transmission of germs to other places in the body, causing inflammation of the lining Heart valve
Dental caries treatment in Turkey
Depending on the types of tooth decay that occurred, the dentist can recommend the appropriate treatment for a person suffering from cavities. Dental caries treatment can include the following:
Fluorine treatments in the early stages (simple caries treatment
Fluoride is a mineral that can help strengthen enamel. Your dentist can use fluoride in various forms to help stop and even repair the damage done by tooth decay.
A dentist can apply professional fluoride treatments directly to the teeth. Fluoride treatments are usually quick and only take a few minutes. Fluoride comes in the form of a gel, varnish, foam or solution. where he does Caries treatment without drilling.
Dental fillings in Turkey
When a dental cavity occurs due to tooth decay it is padding As a treatment option, after drilling the tooth to remove any decay, the dentist removes the damaged parts of the tooth and shapes the cavity to fit the filling. Then the dentist fills the cavity with fillings directly using materials such as amalgam, composite resin (composite), gold or silver, or indirectly by resorting to Inlays/onlays.
To place the crown, the dentist first removes the outside of the tooth as well as any existing decay. Then the dentist will take an impression of the tooth and install a temporary crown until the permanent crown is ready to be installed, usually after one to two weeks.
root canal treatmentdeep caries treatment
The dentist can perform Root canal treatment To help prevent the need for extraction when the pulp is damaged.
according toThe American Dental Association The dentist first numbs the tooth before removing the pulp and then cleans and shapes the root canal inside the tooth. The dentist may also place medication in the tooth to get rid of any bacteria.
The dentist will then fill the root canals with a rubber-like material and place a crown or filling on the tooth to restore and strengthen it.
A dentist may recommend a personExtractions If tooth decay causes severe damage.
The dentist will first numb the affected tooth. Once the tooth is removed the dentist will recommend post-extraction instructions.
A person may notice swelling or pain after tooth extraction, which is normal. However, if a person notices any of the following symptoms, he should contact a dentist and seek medical attention immediately:
- Severe pain, swelling, or bleeding
- Pain increases over time
Preventing and preventing tooth decay
Preventing tooth decay starts with stopping the buildup of plaque and food residue. You can do this by:
- Brush your teeth at least twice a day using types of toothpaste that contain fluoride.
- Rinse and floss every time you eat something sticky, acidic, or high in carbohydrates, especially chocolate and citrus fruits.
- Use the means to clean between the teeth and floss to get rid of as much food residue as possible to prevent the development of Tooth decay from the side.
- Use a mouthwash containing fluoride at least once a day to get rid of plaque.
- Ask your dentist to apply toothpaste and gutters to your molars to protect them from decay.
- Drink water containing fluorine.
- Visit your dentist at least once a year for examinations and clean the mouth.
- It's important to watch what you eat if you want to prevent tooth decay, avoid drinking acidic sodas and avoid sweet and sticky snacks like candy and caramel bars.
- If you eat these foods, be sure to brush your teeth immediately after eating them, the longer you don't brush your teeth after eating these types of foods, the more likely you are to develop tooth decay.
- Despite this, some people may suffer from tooth decay, so you should visit the dentist to learn about it Causes of tooth decay despite cleaning. Where there may be some problems in the structure of the teeth itself.
Why should I choose treatment in Turkey?
Recently, Turkey has become one of the leading countries in the field of medical tourism in the world.
The reason for this is due to the presence of advanced medical centers that provide appropriate treatment by the most skilled doctors and the latest medical devices at a low cost.
and stay Bimaristan Medical Center It is your first choice For treatment in Turkey.
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Frequently asked questions about types of tooth decay
What are the types of tooth decay?
Caries begins in the form of enamel necrosis that develops over time to reach the dentin, and if it remains untreated, it will reach the pulp, causing its death and the occurrence of dental abscess.
How is dental caries treated?
Depending on the types of tooth decay, dentists usually treat cavities by filling them with fillings, where the dentist first removes the rotten tooth tissue and then restores it by filling it with a certain filling material according to the situation and available options.
What are the ages at which tooth decay can occur?
People of all ages from childhood to old age can develop cavities as soon as they have teeth.
How do I know that my tooth has caries?
Depending on the symptoms, there are usually no symptoms in tooth decay in the early stage. As tooth decay progresses, tooth pain or sensitivity of the teeth to sweets and hot or cold foods may occur, and the tooth may become infected and abscess formation may cause pain, swelling of the face and fever.
What causes different types of tooth decay?
Decay can happen if you eat or drink too frequently, especially foods and drinks that contain sugar and starches, which help bacteria produce acids.