If you smoke tobacco or electronic cigarettes, in this article we will introduce you to the effect of smoking on the mouth and teeth and its role in the occurrence of dental problems, bone and gum problems.
The effects of smoking are many, not only on the health of your lungs, but on the health of your mouth and teeth. People who smoke are more likely to develop oral cancer andgum problems tooth loss andtooth root decay and complications after Extractions Oral surgery andgums.
The effects of smoking on the health of the mouth and teeth are numerous, as smoking causes:
- bad breath
- tooth discoloration
- Inflammation of the openings of the salivary glands on the roof of the mouth
- more Plaque and tartar buildup on the teeth
- Increased bone loss within the jaw
- Increased risk of developing leukoplakia, which is white patches that appear inside the mouth
- increased risk of infection withperiodontal diseaseIt is a major cause of tooth loss
- Delayed healing process after tooth extraction, gum treatment or oral surgery
- Low success rate of procedures dental implants
- Increased risk of oral cancer
The effect of smoking on the gums
The effect of smoking on the mouth and teeth includes the damage it does to the gums as smoking and other tobacco products can lead to periodontal disease By affecting the attachment of bone and soft tissue to your teeth.
More specifically, smoking appears to interfere with the normal function of gum tissue cells. This interference makes smokers more susceptible to infections such as periodontal diseaseIt also impedes blood flow to the gums, which may affect wound healing.
Does smoking pipes and cigars cause dental problems?
According to the results of a 23-year study published in the journal American Dental Association Cigar smokers experience tooth loss and alveolar bone loss, the bone within the jawbone that anchors the teeth, at rates equal to those of cigarette smokers.
Pipe smokers also have a similar risk of tooth loss as cigarette smokers, including the effect of smoking on the mouth and teeth In addition to the above risks, pipe and cigar smokers are at risk of developingcancer mouth and pharynx (throat) even if they do not inhale, and other oral problems such as an increased risk of gum cancer andbad breath As many people suffer with smoking from the yellowing and staining of their teeth, which may require them to resort to Teeth whitening or veneer.
Are smokeless tobacco products or using tobacco in ways other than smoking safer?
No, as in cigars and cigarettes, smokeless tobacco products (for example, inhaled and chewed tobacco) contain at least 28 chemicals that have been shown to increase the risk of oral cancer andthroat cancer Andesophagus.
In fact, chewing tobacco contains higher levels of nicotine than cigarettes, making it more difficult to quit than cigarettes. One pack of snuff (inhaled tobacco) provides more nicotine than 60 cigarettes.
Smokeless tobacco can irritate gum tissue, resulting in its receding Or away from your teeth. Once gum tissue recedes, the roots of your teeth are exposed, increasing the risk of tooth decay. Exposed roots are more sensitive to heat, cold or other irritants, making eating and drinking uncomfortable.
In addition to the above, the harmful effects of smoking on oral and dental health are that the sugars that are often added to enhance the flavor of smokeless tobacco increase your risk of tooth decay. A study published in the Journal of the American Dental Association showed that chewing tobacco users were four times more likely than Non-users of it for tooth decay.
The damages of smoking to the teeth include erosion and abrasions of the teeth because smokeless tobacco contains hard materials such as sand and gravel that may lead to this.
Why should you quit smoking or consuming tobacco?
Regardless of how long you've used tobacco products, quitting smoking now can significantly reduce the risks to your health, as the likelihood of former smokers eleven years after quitting smoking was not significantly different from people who did not They never smoke.
And reducing the amount of smoking helps your health. One study found that smokers who cut their smoking habit to less than half a pack a day had a higher risk of developingperiodontal disease Only three times that of non-smokers, which is significantly lower than the six times higher risk in those who smoke more than one and a half packs a day.
Another study on the effect of smoking on the mouth and teeth found that oral leukoplakia completely regressed within 6 weeks of quitting smoking in 97.5% of patients who used smokeless tobacco products.
Provides some statistics from American Cancer Society Some of the real reasons why you should quit smoking are:
- About 90% of people with cancer of the mouth, lips, tongue and throat use tobacco, and the risk of developing these cancers increases with the amount of smoking or chewing and the duration of the habit. Smokers are six times more likely than non-smokers to develop these cancers.
- About 37% of patients who continue to smoke after a clear cancer recovery develops a second cancer of the mouth, lips, tongue and throat compared to only 6% of those who stop smoking.
Tips to reduce the effect of smoking on the mouth and teeth
If you are a smoker, there are some things you can do to prevent smoking damage that leads to dental and gum problems, including:
- Try to quit smoking, talk to your doctor or dentist for help.
- If you are finding it difficult to quit smoking, try reducing the number of cigarettes you smoke.
- Clean your teeth and gums twice a day with a fluoride toothpaste.
- Use dental floss for small gaps or an interdental brush for large gaps once a day to clean between your teeth.
- Visit your dentist every 6 to 12 months so they can advise on proper care of your teeth and gums at home and find a solution to problems early. Regular visits can help keep your teeth and gums healthy. Bimaristan Medical Center It is your first choice For treatment in Turkey don't hesitate toContact us,
- to avoid Dry mouth Drink plenty of water and chew sugarless gum to stimulate saliva flow. This is especially important if you are taking medications that cause dry mouth.
- Reduce alcohol intake and avoid drugs.
How can I quit smoking and avoid the effect of smoking on the mouth and teeth?
To stop using tobacco, your dentist or doctor may be able to help you quell nicotine cravings with medications such as nicotine gum or other prescription medications.
Herbal remedies as well as hypnosis and acupuncture are other treatments that may help you kick the habit.
Ask your doctor or dentist for information about the available options that you may take in order to avoid the harms of smoking and get rid of this harmful habit.