Trismus is a common condition that affects many people. It occurs when the jaw muscles become too tight, causing severe discomfort and pain in the patient.
lockjaw occurs in the muscles responsible for chewing that surround the temporomandibular joint, leading to an impediment to eating, speaking, and swallowing due to muscle contractions in this area, which is often a temporary condition.
Jaw muscle spasms result from various causes, including stress, wisdom teeth extraction, teeth grinding, joint disease, and many more.
Jaw muscle spasm disorder can be treated with physical therapy, by changing lifestyle to reduce tension in the muscles. In some cases, surgery becomes necessary to correct any underlying problems that cause spasms. There are many options for treating jaw muscle spasm in Turkey, which we will mention in detail after learning about the condition and its causes.
What is a Trismus?
Jaw muscle spasm, or what is known in some cases as jaw lockjaw, is painful spasms in the muscles surrounding the temporomandibular joint, causing difficulty in opening the mouth normally, which prevents eating, speaking, and swallowing correctly.
For most people, the natural mouth opening is 35 mm, equivalent to the width of approximately three fingers. When you suffer from spasms in the jaw muscles, the movement of opening the mouth is restricted. Thus several problems appear that affect the natural physiological processes and make it difficult for the ability to take care of oral hygiene and speak.
Causes of Trismus
There are many causes of jaw muscle spasm, the most important of which are:
Radiotherapy for head and neck cancer
Treatment of head and neck cancer is the most common cause of jaw muscle spasms in people. Tumors that interfere with movement of the jaw may cause the condition. More commonly, spasms are caused by exposure to radiation during the Treating cancer with radiation This causes damage and leads to the formation of scar tissue around the joint area.
Oral and dental surgery
Temporary spasms of the jaw muscles can often occur after any oral surgery, especially in people who have undergone surgery. Take off wisdom tooth Specifically the lower one.
Spasm or trismus also occurs due to bacterial infection that sometimes occurs after surgery or due to excessive opening of the jaw during the operation. It can also occur when the needle that delivers the anesthetic to the surrounding tissues is damaged.
That includes Jaw fractures As well as force it during treatment.
Temporomandibular joint disorders
On each side of the jaw there is a joint called the temporomandibular joint that connects the lower jaw with the skull and allows the opening and closing of the mouth, when there is TMJD joint dysfunction It can cause great pain and discomfort. There are many reasons for the emergence of disorders of the jaw joint, including:
- Injuries and trauma
- Genetic problems
- Dishes problems that need to be addressed orthodontics
- Behaviors associated with stress in the patient, such as: gnashing of teeth
Trismus may occur due tojaw tetanus It is a bacterial infection that causes muscle contraction anywhere in the body, but it is rare because there is a vaccine to prevent it.
You may develop a masseter Trismus with rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, and scleroderma. These conditions affect the temporomandibular joint and may cause spasticity.
Feelings of stress and anxiety can sometimes unintentionally cause you to grind your teeth when you sleep or during the day, causing pain and a feeling of tightness in your jaw.
Certain medications may cause symptoms of jaw spasms and pain, including:
- Antipsychotic medications
- Narcotic drugs
Abscess around the tonsils
Some people with tonsillitis have an infection around the tonsils that causes pus-filled pockets to form near the tonsils.
Symptoms of Trismus
The primary symptom is trismus, which manifests as an inability to open the mouth completely. Other symptoms include:
- Pain in the jaw when speaking or trying to move it
- Difficulty or discomfort performing movements that require opening the mouth (such as brushing your teeth or biting on solid food)
- Inability to chew or swallow certain foods
- Muscle pain and spasm, so you feel that your jaw muscles are tight
- Pain when yawning
Lockjaw treatment depends primarily on treating the cause of the condition.
Many medications work as muscle relaxants prescribed under a doctor's supervision to relieve the patient's muscle spasms.
Doctors may recommend exercises or physical therapy that effectively treats pulled muscles.
You may benefit from wearing mouth guard Especially if your jaw spasm is caused by grinding your teeth in your sleep, there are several types of mouth guards available. You may need a specific type. Depending on the cause of your condition, your dentist will be able to recommend the appropriate mouth guard.
Massaging your jaw can help increase blood flow and reduce the pain of pulled muscles. You can try this by opening your mouth and gently rubbing the muscles next to your ears in a circular motion at the area where your jaw joints are.
Try this several times a day and right before bed.
Hot or cold compresses
Applying a hot or cold compress to your jaw may help relieve pain.
Painkillers such as ibuprofen can help reduce jaw pain.
Treatment of trismus with Botox and injections
Injecting corticosteroids into the joint or Botox into the jaw muscles may help relieve symptoms of a jaw spasm.
Surgical treatment of Lockjaw
Surgery is an option for people with temporomandibular joint disorders. Various types of procedures are available to fix the jaw joint pain problem.
Laser treatment of jaw muscle spasm in Türkiye
Uses Laser treatment of trismus In Istanbul to generate heat in the body, which helps reduce injury and increase blood supply.
When should I see a doctor?
When you feel pain when opening the mouth or discomfort that does not go away in the lower jaw, seeing a dentist or oral medicine specialist is preferable. They will help you prescribe medications or treatments that relieve and treat jaw spasms.
Tips when you suffer from lower jaw muscle spasm
- Rest your achy jaw: Everyday habits like biting your nails and chewing gum put pressure on your tight jaw muscles.
- Avoid solid foods: Replace foods that are hard to chew with soft or liquid foods.
- Try a home remedy for joint and jaw spasms: Wrap a hot, moist washcloth around your jaw and neck and leave it for 15 to 20 minutes once every hour. The moist heat will help relax your muscles and may reduce muscle spasms.
Most people get jaw and facial muscle spasms from dental surgeries and head and neck cancer treatment. The condition can affect a person's ability to eat and regain strength after treatment and affect their ability to communicate, making them feel frustrated or isolated.
If you suffer from spasm of the jaw and facial muscles, consult your doctor, he will recommend the appropriate treatment to relieve the symptoms.