The types of orthodontics are many and varied. Tooth progression and other common problems can be treated through the use of the latest orthodontic technologies within clinics and medical centers in Turkey.
Common dental alignment problems
Dental alignment is the way teeth snap and stick together.
Usually, the upper teeth are over the lower teeth when the jaw is closed, however, the teeth do not always fit over each other. Malocclusion is a problem of misalignment that can lead to serious complications on the oral health Therefore, different types of orthodontics have been developed to correct this imbalance.
Orthodontics is the first stage after dental repair to get hollywood smile Or healthy nature smiles.
There are many problems that may affect the alignment and placement of the teeth, which we classify as malocclusion, namely:
It is a dental malocclusion that occurs when the lower teeth overlap the upper teeth. In this case, the lower jaw appears to be out of place towards the front.
Its severity can vary between mild and severe progression. In the first case, two teeth almost meet with the upper jaw, while in the second case, the teeth do not meet at all because the gap is very wide.
This occlusion can give a wrong impression of your feelings to the opposite person, and therefore this problem is not only satisfactory, but also a common social issue that many are eager to get rid of once and for all.
The main reason formandibular advancement It is a misalignment of the lower jaw that is usually present from birth.
The problems associated with the lower jaw depend on the extent of its development and if the distance between the teeth is wide, it may cause:
- eating difficulties
- Speaking problems.
- jaw pain or joints Chronic, as well as head and ear pain.
- tooth decay due to excessive erosion of tooth enamel.
- Chronic mouth breathing.
- bad breath.
- bacterial infections
- Sleep Apnea, Snoring and other breathing difficulties during the night.
It occurs when some of the upper teeth overlap with the lower teeth instead of being positioned outwards. This overlap can form for several reasons.
Although overlapping teeth can be hereditary, reasons such as prolonged use of a pacifier or thumb sucking, delayed child teeth falling out, and enlarged tonsils or adenoids can be a cause of overlapping teeth.
In this case The upper teeth stand out more than the lower teeth and may cover them completely, Although the cause can be genetic, an advanced jaw can be caused by a deformity of the jaw.
Where a retracted lower jaw or an advanced upper jaw can result from some habits that children may do, such as thumb sucking, using a milk bottle for a long time, or pushing teeth with the tongue. Chewing on foreign objects can also lead to the development of an advanced jaw condition.
Overprotrusion is when the upper front teeth extend laterally beyond the lower front teeth, which interferes with the functions of chewing food and speaking.
Horizontal teeth can be hereditary, however in many cases it is due to faulty childhood habits. Like many habits that cause biting problems, these habits include thumb sucking, thrusting teeth with the tongue, or prolonged use of a bottle or pacifier, which can cause the front teeth to bulge over time.
Inclination of the front teeth
The protrusion of the upper front teeth is often the result of sucking the fingers and thumb or pushing the teeth with the tongue. Pressure on the front teeth pushes the teeth forward.
Orthodontic treatment can be used to adjust the angle of the teeth and align them with the lower teeth of the jaw.
Spacing refers to the gaps or voids between the teeth which results in the teeth not fitting normally in the jaw andThey are most visible in the upper front teeth but can be in any part of the teeth.
In children, the gaps may disappear once their permanent teeth come in.
Some cavities are large and a cosmetic problem, but some are small and barely noticeable. Divergence can be caused by multiple factors and can be determined by genetics.
jaw bone size and tooth size
Some cases include a lack of proportion between the size of the jaw bone and the size of the teeth, which leads to their spacing greatly.
An overgrowth of tissue that lines the gum line and teeth can also cause a gap.
Bad habits that make you need to use braces
Bad habits can also be the cause of the gap. The pressure involved in thumb sucking can pull the teeth forward.
infection or Inflammation in the gums It can lead to tooth loss and the appearance of gaps between the teeth.
Signs of gum disease include red and swollen gums, bone loss, loose teeth, and bleeding gums.
The gap between the jaws (open bite)
Talk open bite When the upper and lower teeth do not meet when the mouth is closed, that is, when a person closes his jaw, the teeth will have a gap or opening.
What causes the gap between the jaws?
can be transmitted by inheritance, The problem usually corrects itself by the age of four and does not continue into adulthood. A gap in a child's bite may appear when they have a mixture of deciduous teeth, permanent teeth, and significant bone growth. A lisp can develop along with other speech impediments.
May be Temporomandibular joint problems It's also the cause (TMJ is the joint that allows you to open your mouth).
Other causes are prolonged thumb sucking and tongue thrusting (thrusting with the tongue). Tongue thrusting occurs when you push the tongue through the teeth while swallowing or while speaking.
Types of gaps between the jaws
Gaps between jaws are defined as the front teeth not fitting properly when the back teeth have already folded.
- The gaps can be seen by the following:
- Self-awareness if your smile is not what you want it to be.
- Littering of the tongue or other speech impediments.
- Increased wear of the back teeth.
- Difficulty eating certain foods.
Treating a gap between the jaws in early childhood increases the chances of being able to repair an open bite without surgery. Ask your dentist about options.
Treatment for age
- 0-4 years old: Pushing the teeth with the tongue and the gap between the jaws at this age is normal and there is no need for treatment.
- 7-10 years old: A tongue bridle can be worn if the tongue continues to be pushed.
The dentist can find out if the permanent teeth have begun to articulate the gap between the jaws.
- 11-17 years old: Orthodontic types can be fitted to correct the gap between the jaws.
Orthodontics and dental treatment as a result of pushing the tongue will remain successful at this stage.
Jaw surgery can occur after the age of 18. After growth has stopped, untreated gaps in adults almost always need surgery.
The wires in the types of metal braces will pull the prominent teeth back, straighten them forward, and enable the dentist to coordinate them in the correct alignment. The course of treatment can take from six months to two years and will have to be followed up later with the retainer. The retainer's job is to make sure that the teeth do not return to their old position.
Tongue thrust treatment for teeth
Tongue exercises and therapy can be provided by a speech therapist.
Devices such as a tongue depressor, which is somewhat similar to braces, a tongue depressor fits over the molars and places a barrier across your mouth so that the tongue cannot push the teeth forward.
If a person usually stops pushing the tongue to the teeth, this will not happen Corrects tooth alignment But it will prevent the teeth from moving forward or relapsing after completing the appropriate types of orthodontics to treat the dental advances from each other.
Solve the problem of mismatching the middle lines of the teeth
There are two median lines of teeth, the first between the upper front incisors and the second between the lower central teeth. These two lines should be one straight line running through the center.
When these lines do not line up properly, it is obvious that there is a misalignment of the teeth and jaw, or a discrepancy in the size of the teeth.
How is dental malocclusion diagnosed?
We usually divide this into three stages:
The first stage: the planning stage
- Oral and dental examination.
- Ask questions about your child's previous health.
- X-rays will be taken.
- Photographs of the face and teeth can be taken.
- A model can be made of gypsum for teeth.
- Imprints or dental models are now being taken through our center Mouth scanner for 3D digital prints.
The orthodontist will make the diagnosis using the diagnostic tools mentioned above and then suggest a customized treatment from one of the popular types of orthodontics to solve this problem.
The second stage: the work stage
This is the part where you wear metallic or clear braces.
What types of orthodontics can be used?
- traditional fixed braces: Individual calendars connected by an arc wire.
- invisalign clear orthodontics: It is installed inside the teeth, but it is less visible than the traditional braces.
During this stage you will need to see an orthodontist regularly. How often you need to see an orthodontist depends largely on the type of treatment you receive and the characteristics of your orthodontic problems.
The third stage: the stage of maintaining the result
A very important part of orthodontic care is the stage keep score.
When the teeth are properly aligned, the fixed braces and removable appliances will be removed. Your orthodontist will then create retainers for you to wear after your braces are removed.
Retainers are a type of braces that are used to prevent your teeth from returning to their previous position.
Your orthodontist will tell you how long you need to wear your retainers.
How is dental malocclusion treated?
Most people with mild malocclusion will not need any treatment while your dentist may refer you to an orthodontist if your malocclusion is severe.
Depending on the type of malocclusion you have, your orthodontist may recommend different treatments, which can include:
- Different types of orthodontics to correct their position.
- selective extracting to correct overcrowding.
- Reshaping, affixing or covering teeth.
- Surgery to reshape or shorten the jaw.
- Wires to fix the jawbone.
Types of orthodontics in Turkey
People are confused about using braces as a treatment to correct the position of the teeth. There are different types of braces, consisting of metal wires, transparent wires, and self-ligating wires.
Braces are mainly used as orthodontic treatment, and unlike in the past, they have been updated, and when worn, people are less likely to notice their presence, in addition to being better than before, as braces can be fixed or removable.
What are the most popular types of orthodontics?
Also known as traditional braces, which are commonly used by children because of their lower costs, braces are placed over your teeth and the metal wire threaded onto the braces is intended to put pressure on the teeth and eventually move them.
Lingual braces (fixed braces behind the teeth)
Similar to metal braces, it should be placed on the inner side of a limb the tongue So that it is not seen from the outside unless someone opens their mouth, but you should know that if you suffer from a severe orthodontic problem, it may not be an ideal treatment for you.
The difference between self-ligating braces compared to metal or ceramic braces is that self-ligating braces use clips to hold the wire in place instead of elastic rubber bands.
We have found that self-tie blockers need slightly shorter lead times due to their ease of adjustment so they are a good choice for:
- Patients who are more sensitive to discomfort
- Patients who cannot sit on a dental chair for a long time
- Patients with developmental delay and need for orthodontics
Mobile transparent orthodontics
Uses invisible aligner It is widely used and is a unique type of invisible braces that comes with many benefits including “easy to use” design.
Clear braces treatment is not visible and removable at all times and therefore it is expensive unlike other types of braces. You can get to know him in detail via this the video
This treatment is performed to correct the backward position of the teeth.
While the front teeth are being treated in this process, you can only wear the head bridle in the evening and at night as you cannot do other things while wearing it. The head restraint should be worn as directed by the orthodontist.
Dental retainers after orthodontics
A fixator is another form of orthodontic treatment. Usually used during the final treatment process; It can be either fixed or removable.
The retainer maintains the position of the teeth until the gums and bones adjust to the new position after the orthodontics.
If you wear retainers regularly, you can maintain the result of your permanent straightening of your teeth for the rest of your life.
Often Tooth removal Necessary at some point, it is usually performed to improve and correct the position of the teeth.
Surgical orthodontic treatment
This . aimsSurgery to reposition any of the jaws Or both in patients who suffer from a large spacing in the upper or lower jaw due to their large size, as when this defect exists in the size of one of the bones of the skull, this type of treatment is performed.
mini dental implants
Introduced in the 21st century, it is a treatment that consists of temporary fixation devices and aims to control the movement of the teeth during (jaw straightening). Miniature implants are placed between the teeth. These teeth act as fulcrums aimed at moving the teeth as required.
How can dental malocclusion be prevented?
Most malocclusions are hereditary, so it can be difficult to prevent, but it can certainly be treated with the many types of orthodontics available.
Early detection of malocclusion will reduce the severity of the disorder. Start your child's dental visits at 12 months and follow up with regular check-ups twice a year. For young children, limit pacifier and bottle-assisted use to minimize changes in jaw development.
A definitive overview of the types of orthodontics
Treating malocclusions in children usually leads to correcting the problem. Early detection in childhood can reduce the duration of treatment and the treatment can also be less expensive.