The laser hemorrhoids operation is one of the latest methods used to treat internal hemorrhoids. In this article, learn about the most important features of this technique and how it is implemented in Turkey.
An overview of hemorrhoids
. Hemorrhoids are venous dilatations close to the anus.
There are types of hemorrhoids; There are external hemorrhoids that can be seen around the anal opening, and there are internal hemorrhoids that are located within the rectum or anal canal.
Internal hemorrhoids are classified into four grades according to their prolapse and protrusion from the anus. These hemorrhoids can worsen and gradually increase in size if left untreated or if the doctor's instructions are not followed.
There are many methods used to get rid of the problem of hemorrhoids. The traditional method of “hemorrhoidectomy” is associated with a significant degree of pain after the operation, which prompted us to think of other minimally invasive ways to treat hemorrhoids.
Laser hemorrhoid surgery or laser hemorrhoidoplasty (LHP) is one of the new technologies that appeared recently and was performed in Turkey and is still in continuous development. It is considered a minimally invasive alternative to the traditional operation.
The use of a laser beam forHemorrhoids treatment in Turkey An advanced treatment that aspires to reach a curative and effective treatment with a simple and painless procedure, and doctors can use this technique in almost all people with hemorrhoids (except that this depends on the surgeon's decision).
The principle of laser hemorrhoids operation
The idea of laser hemorrhoids operation is to stop the blood flow into the hemorrhoidal plexus by laser coagulation of the branches of the rectal artery.
During the operation, a small probe is inserted into the hemorrhoid in order to shine a focused beam of laser that cauterizes the hemorrhoids with the laser and blocks the blood vessels inside the hemorrhoid, so the hemorrhoid shrinks without much pain.
Advantages of laser hemorrhoids operation
Laser hemorrhoids surgery in Turkey offers many advantages and benefits that make it better than surgery to remove them:
- Being a very precise surgery, it does not affect the surrounding tissues or the anal sphincter, thus protecting the patient from fecal incontinence or narrowing of the sphincter after the operation.
- Applying heat reduces the risk of severe bleeding during and after the procedure.
- It is performed under local or lumbar anesthesia and does not require general anesthesia (except in some cases).
- speed of recovery after the operation; It does not include surgical incisions or stitches, so the patient can be discharged from the hospital within a few hours of carrying out the operation and return to daily life after only 2-3 days.
- The pain after the operation is mild and can be relieved with oral pain relievers such as paracetamol for 1-3 days.
- The incidence of sepsis after the operation is lower than the traditional operation.
- After the operation, the patient will feel an immediate improvement in the symptoms of hemorrhoids (itching, irritation, swelling…).
- In addition, the laser hemorrhoids operation has a high success rate and low recurrence rates compared to the traditional treatment.
mentioned studies The treatment of hemorrhoids using laser beams is more effective than surgical removal of hemorrhoids in terms of pain, recovery period after the operation and several other indicators.
Although laser hemorrhoidectomy is somewhat expensive, its cost is less than surgery that requires you to stay in the hospital and stop working for a period of time. studies The laser hemorrhoid surgery has outperformed the rubber band ligation technique in treating internal hemorrhoids of the second and third degree.
The method of laser hemorrhoids operation in Turkey
Before the laser hemorrhoids removal procedure, the patient must be well prepared, he must stop taking blood-diluting drugs as directed by the specialist, and the intestines will be emptied of waste by enema or by taking a laxative drug.
After preparing the patient, he will be given local or lumbar anesthesia, then placed in a lithotomy position, and the hemorrhoid that will be treated is determined. The laser probe is placed over the indented line and pushed towards the apex of the hemorrhoid.
About 3 strokes of 12 W laser beams with a wavelength of 1450 nm are fired at the apex of the hemorrhoid. The laser beams are narrow so that they do not harm the adjacent body tissues. The number of strokes depends on the size of the hemorrhoid.
The laser energy used is precisely determined so that it reduces the hemorrhoid mass and stops the blood flow to the hemorrhoidal plexus and stops the growth of the hemorrhoid.
The process is repeated on each hemorrhoid separately, then the process is ended by gentle cold tamping on the operation area.
Laser hemorrhoidectomy lasts about 20 to 30 minutes, andHere is a video Explains the laser hemorrhoids process in some detail.
Complications of laser hemorrhoids operation
Side effects of laser hemorrhoidectomy may include:
- Bleeding during or after the operation
- form blood clots
- An infection in the anal region
- Temporarily unable to urinate
- Rectal mucosal injury
- Edema of the operation area
- Injury or burning at the surgical site
Laser hemorrhoids operation does not have serious side effects, and its damages are generally rare.
After laser hemorrhoids operation
After the hemorrhoids are removed with laser treatment, you will be taken to a rest room until you can walk again. You will be monitored until the effect of anesthesia (local or lumbar) wears off and your vital signs will be monitored until your breathing and other vital signs return to normal.
When the effect of the anesthetic wears off, you may feel some discomfort or pain (which is very slight), and the surgical procedure site may swell a little after the operation. Your doctor will give you some medications that will help you feel comfortable and remove the pain.
You will be discharged from the hospital (or clinic) on the same day, and you will not need to take pain relievers often, but if you feel that the pain is severe and unbearable, the doctor may prescribe some oral pain relievers.
After the laser procedure for hemorrhoids in Turkey, you will be able to complete your daily life within two or three days if you do not have other health problems that interfere with the healing process and the results of the operation.
Bowel motility after hemorrhoids removal may take some time to return to normal, and you may feel a slight burning sensation in the anal area during defecation. If you feel you need to take a laxative, talk to your doctor.
The cost of laser hemorrhoid surgery in Türkiye
The price of laser hemorrhoid treatment in Turkey starts from 1000 USD. The cost of laser hemorrhoid surgery may exceed this price depending on the type and degree of hemorrhoid, but it remains much cheaper than the costs of laser hemorrhoid surgery in Europe.
In conclusion, the success of the laser internal hemorrhoid surgery depends on the doctor's experience and the extent to which you adhere to the doctor's instructions about daily defecation habits and the type of food you eat, which will certainly help you to defecate easily.