Women with PCOS or polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) have a hormonal imbalance that usually begins at puberty. This condition interferes with the ability to have a normal pregnancy and childbearing. Symptoms of polycystic ovary include irregular menstruation, abnormal hair growth, and obesity.
What are the treatments available for polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) in Turkey? Sweat more on the symptoms and causes of PCOS in the following article.
What is PCOS?
Polycystic ovary syndrome, or polycystic ovary syndrome, occurs in which a number of small cysts or fluid-filled sacs develop on the ovaries. These cysts are not harmful, but they can lead to a disturbance in the level of the body's hormones.
Women with PCOS may also experience menstrual irregularities, increased levels of androgen (male hormone), excessive hair growth, acne, and obesity.
In addition to the many conditions associated with PCOS, which will be discussed in this article, PCOS is the most common cause of female infertility - because it can prevent ovulation.
Women who can get pregnant with PCOS have a higher incidence of miscarriage, gestational diabetes, high blood pressure due to pregnancy, preeclampsia and premature birth. and increased risk of endometrial cancer At an early age.
What causes PCOS?
Research is ongoing to uncover the cause of PCOS. There is evidence to suggest a link between certain forms of PCOS and family history, suggesting a genetic basis for PCOS.
What are the risk factors for polycystic ovary infection?
PCOS is believed to have a genetic cause. People who have a mother or sister with PCOS are more likely to have PCOS than people whose relatives do not have the condition. This familial link is the main risk factor.
Sugar is the body's primary source of energy, and it is regulated in the body by insulin secreted by the pancreas. A patient with insulin resistance cannot use insulin efficiently. This causes the pancreas to secrete more insulin to meet the body's glucose needs.
Excess insulin is thought to affect a woman's ability to ovulate due to its effect on androgen production. Research has shown that women with PCOS have an inflammatory condition that stimulates the ovaries to produce androgens.
What are the symptoms of polycystic ovary syndrome?
In addition to the presence of cysts on the ovaries, symptoms of PCOS (polycystic ovary syndrome) include:
- irregular menstruation
- Abnormal uterine bleeding
- Excess androgen levels
- Sleep Apnea
- Acne, oily skin and dandruff
- High cholesterol and triglycerides, or dark spots on the skin
- male pattern baldness
- Insulin resistance
- Type 2 diabetes
- pelvic pain
- Depression, anxiety, fatigue and stress
- Difficulty controlling weight, including weight gain or difficulty losing weight
- Excessive facial and body hair growth, known as hirsutism
- decreased libido
- Liver diseases such as non-alcoholic steatohepatitis
- There is also an increased risk of endometrial cancer, gestational diabetes, pregnancy-induced hypertension, heart attack and miscarriage.
How is PCOS diagnosed in Turkey?
Most cases of PCOS can be diagnosed with a thorough evaluation of your medical history and symptoms, as well as a physical exam. A blood test may be needed to measure levels of various hormones. In some cases, an ultrasound of the ovaries may help with the diagnosis.
What is the treatment of PCOS in Turkey?
There is no cure for PCOS, but treatment is aimed at managing and relieving the patient's symptoms.
This depends on whether the patient wants to become pregnant or just aims to reduce the risk of developing secondary medical conditions, such as heart disease and diabetes.
There are many treatment options recommended in Turkey, including:
- Birth control pills: can help regulate hormonal imbalances and menstruation.
- Diabetes medications: Help control diabetes, if needed.
- Fertility drugs: If pregnancy is desired, these include the use of clomiphene (Clomid), a combination of clomiphene and metformin, or gonadotropin medications, such as follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) medications. In some cases, letrozole (Femara) may be recommended.
- Fertility treatments: In vitro fertilization (IVF)IVF) or Artificial insemination.
- Excessive hair growth can be reduced with spironolactone (Aldactone) or eflornithine (Vanica). Finasteride (Propecia) may also be recommended, but should not be taken by women of childbearing age.
- Anyone using spironolactone should use contraception, because of the risk of birth defects in the fetus if it is taken during pregnancy. Breast-feeding is not recommended when using this medicine.
- Other possible options for managing hair growth include laser hair removal, hormonal treatments, or the use of vitamins and minerals.
In addition to this, there are surgical options which include:
- Ovarian perforation: Small holes made in the ovaries can reduce the levels of androgen production.
- Surgical removal of one or both ovaries.
- Hysterectomy: It involves the removal of all or part of the uterus.
- Cyst aspiration: The fluid is removed from the cyst.
There is no cure for PCOS as mentioned above, but some home and lifestyle interventions can make a difference and relieve some symptoms.
- Eat a healthy, balanced diet that includes plenty of fruits and vegetables
- Participate in regular physical activities
- Maintain a healthy weight, to reduce androgen levels and reduce the risk of diseases such as diabetes and heart disease
- Quit smoking, as this increases levels of androgens and the risk of heart disease
Pregnancy and polycystic ovary syndrome
There may be an increased risk of miscarriage, gestational diabetes, pre-eclampsia and premature birth. This complication is more common in births of twins or triplets.
How can PCOS be prevented?
There is no known prevention of PCOS. However, through proper nutrition and weight management, many women with it can avoid developing diabetes and cardiovascular problems.
How can I improve my chances of getting pregnant if I have PCOS?
There are some specific fertility issues that you should address with your doctor, but there are some general health care tips that may improve your chances of getting pregnant:
- Folic acid (400 mcg. Supplement daily, with a diet rich in folic acid, including leafy greens, dried beans, liver, and citrus fruits)
- Limit caffeine (drinking less than two caffeinated drinks per day).
- Eat a healthy balanced diet.
- Exercise and maintain a healthy weight. Maintain a regular exercise routine, 20 to 30 minutes a day, 4 to 5 times a week.
The causes of PCOS aren't clear, but early diagnosis can help relieve symptoms and reduce the risk of complications. Anyone who may have symptoms of PCOS should see a doctor.
Bimaristan Medical Center remains your first choice for treatment in Turkey.
We direct you to the best specialists who are experts in all fields, we break the language barrier, Arab specialist doctors will help you in communicating with your doctor, we help you book an appointment in the most important and modern hospitals in Turkey, we offer our services to secure hotel reservations for you and your companions, in addition to transportation, we help you secure a travel visa for you for free.
We provide our services throughout Turkey, the best place to provide you with treatment is our destination. We accompany you step by step towards recovery.
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Frequently asked questions and answers about polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and its treatment in Turkey
Can polycystic ovary syndrome be cured?
There is no definitive cure for PCOS, but the annoying symptoms can be controlled.
How long does polycystic ovary treatment take?
Pregnancy may occur after 6 months of treatment with clomiphene with a ratio of 20-40%. According to the largest study to predict pregnancy after induction of ovulation in women with PCOS by using the following clinical criteria: as body mass index, age, duration of attempt to conceive, and degree of hirsutism. The weak benefit of this treatment should be discussed with the patient, and serious consideration should be given to the pursuit of a more aggressive initial treatment, such as ovarian diathermy, gonadotropin injections, or in vitro fertilization.
Will hair falling due to PCOS grow again?
Hair loss from polycystic ovary syndrome will not grow back on its own, but with treatment it may stimulate hair follicles to grow back.
What is the PCOS Polycystic Ovary Diet?
Food rich in protein such as fish and salmon, and foods rich in folic acid found in green leafy vegetables such as spinach, cabbage, parsley and lettuce, and B12 found in eggs, cheese, dairy and their products.