The amputation process is known as the removal of a limb or part of the limb for a medical reason. The patient may face psychological and physical difficulties in adapting to his life after the amputation and the installation of a prosthetic limb in Turkey.
Why is amputation resorted to?
- Poor blood flow towards the limb, causing the limb to die because it is not supplied with enough oxygen
- Complications of diabetes are one of the most common causes of amputation, especially foot amputation. The reason behind this is diabetic arteropathy, which causes poor blood flow, in addition to the neuropathy associated with diabetes, which causes poor sense of the patient's foot injuries and ulcers.
- Severe infections that may spread to the rest of the body if the limb is not amputated are like gangrene
- Severe trauma such as car accidents or burns
- some Malignant tumors Spread in the muscle tissue and bones of the extremity
- Peripheral arterial disease (PAD), which causes poor blood flow through the arteries to the extremities
- Forest bite also causes poor blood flow and death on the tip
- Large wounds and ulcers that do not heal and do not heal
- Limb deformities that impair movement and function
Types of amputation in Turkey
According to a study conducted in the USA 3% only of the amputations were performed at the level of the upper extremity.
- Foot or toe amputation
- Lower limb amputation below ankle level. An amputation of the foot from the ankle joint down.
- Below-knee amputation The lower limb is amputated just below the knee joint. This is the most common type of amputation performed according to for studies.
- Knee disarticulation is the amputation of the lower end of the knee joint.
- Above-knee amputation In this style, the lower limb is amputated above the knee joint.
- Hip disarticulation The entire lower end of the hip joint is amputated.
- Trans-pelvic disarticulation. This method involves amputating the entire lower extremity while removing part of the pelvic bone.
- Amputation at the level of the hand or fingers
- amputation at the level of the wrist disarticulation
- Below-the-elbow amputation, i.e. amputation is performed directly below the elbow level.
- Elbow disarticulation, the lower part of the arm is amputated and separated from the upper part, that is, the ulna and radius are amputated.
- Above-elbow amputation, the lower section of the arm is amputated in addition to the elbow and part of the upper arm where the incision is made through the humerus.
- Shoulder disarticulation The arm is completely amputated at the shoulder level.
- Forequarter amputation In this style, the entire upper limb is amputated, as well as part of the shoulder.
Before having an amputation in Turkey
During the amputation process
The surgeon smooths the uneven bone areas, closes the vessels and nerves tightly, and also cuts the muscles and makes them optimally in preparation for the installation of the prosthesis in its place, after which the wound site is dressed with a sterile bandage.
The amputation process takes about 45 to 90 minutes in the absence of complications that make the process long.
The patient’s stay in the hospital after the operation depends on the type of amputation that was performed, but often the patient stays about 4 to 14 days after the operation in order to evaluate the patient and make sure that there are no complications or complications resulting from the surgery.
Recovery after amputation
This phenomenon is common among patients after the amputation for a reason that is not fully understood. Some believe that the cause of this phenomenon is due to psychological reasons, while some doctors explained the reason for this phenomenon by the random mixed response of the brain after the amputation, where the nerves responsible for the amputated limb are stimulated.
Physiotherapy continues after the wound has healed. The physical therapist helps the patient maintain normal range of motion in amputation sites, in addition to stretching exercises.
The prosthetic technician works side by side with the physical therapist in the rehabilitation period after the amputation.
- Infection at the site of the wound
- Delayed wound healing and healing
- Venous thrombosis (DVT) due to blood stasis at the site of a limb amputation
- Pneumonia (an infection of the lung)
- phantom pain in amputated limb
- heart problems Like a sudden stroke
An overview of the prosthetics
Why should I choose treatment in Turkey?
The most important frequently asked questions about amputation in Turkey.
When is an amputation performed for one of the parties?
In some cases, doctors say that they have to perform an amputation on both sides for a medical reason. The reasons for amputation are:
How is a limb amputation performed?
In most cases, it is done under general anesthesia according to a complete planning by the doctor after the first examination of the patient
How is amputation prevented?
There are a number of factors that contribute to the prevention of amputation, and in some cases a medical intervention may be performed to save a diabetic leg from amputation.
What are the effects of the amputation on the patient?
There are many multiple effects associated with the amputation process, most of which are psychological related to the loss of the organ and differ from one patient to another.
How long does leg amputation take in Turkey?
A leg amputation operation in Turkey generally takes between one and a half and two hours.
Why is the diabetic foot amputated with gangrene?
Diabetic leg or foot is amputated because it is dead tissue that contains bacterial infections, but it does not move and spread and cause larger cell death, which leads to larger tissue pieces.