Stem cell joint treatment in Turkey, which is the best and latest method for treating degenerative arthritis without surgery or pain, is performed under local anesthesia.
What is arthritis? How can joints be treated with stem cells?
As it eventually results in the death of the cartilage-generating cells, and therefore the cartilage will not be able to regenerate or heal itself due to the complex structure of cartilage produced by these cells.
For this reason, drugs are always sought to stop the ongoing wear of cartilage in the joints.
Stem cell therapy is from modern ways Which is used to stop this wear of the cartilage in the joints in the early stages of patients who do not have a need for an operation Knuckle replacement Or people who absolutely do not want to have their joint replaced by surgery.
In addition, stem cell therapy is also used for torn cartilage, which acts as a cushioning pad that prevents the ends of the joints from rubbing against each other.
What are Stem Cells?
Stem cells are undifferentiated primary cells (called master cells) that have the ability to give rise to functional differentiated cells. The number of types of cells given depends on the degree of stem cell differentiation, and they are divided into several divisions according to ability and origin.
In general, a cell is called a stem cell if it fulfills several conditions, including:
- Undifferentiated cell that does not follow a specific histological pattern.
- It has the ability to renew itself (via mitosis).
- They can be differentiated (in many ways, including artificial stimulation) into many cell types according to their capacity.
Stem cells in adults have the ability to regenerate damaged cells and participate in the repair of body tissues, and they have become the focus of medical scientific research in recent times, as researchers continue to conduct research in this field due to its importance and the great hopes placed on it in healing diseases for which no medicine has yet been discovered, and in improving Symptoms and pain relief in a patient with ALS, using this cellular therapy for joints or any other disease, doctors can introduce new treatments for the bones, cartilage and spine and provide an alternative solution to many other treatments that are more satisfactory or side effects.
stem cell classification
Stem cells can be classified according to two things, according to their capacity and according to their source.
Classification of stem cells according to capacity
Totipotent stem cells: They are cells capable of differentiating into any cell type, an example of which is the fertilized egg.
How are stem cells obtained?
These stem cells are generally found in the bone marrow and fat around the abdomen, where the cells are taken under light general anesthesia (hypnosis only) or by local anesthesia so that the patient does not feel pain.
Where these cells taken from the pelvis or abdomen undergo the process of filtration and biological separation under very sterile conditions.
After the preparation process, which takes about 20-30 minutes, the obtained purified stem cells are ready for application.
Stem cell treatment for arthritis
There are two ways to treat arthritis with stem cells
- Direct injection technology only.
- Joint injection technique during arthroscopic surgery.
How are stem cells applied alone?
Stem cells, taken from bone marrow or adipose tissue, are injected into the damaged area of the knee or hip joint where these cells repair the damaged tissue.
If the knee cartilage is damaged, it is ensured that the stem cells act only on the damaged area without spreading to the knee.
In the other technique (during arthroscopic surgery)
Stem cells are placed and distributed in the form of a matrix, where the joint is surgically opened and the matrix containing the stem cell is placed after a correction procedure in the joint and removal of the spurs and damaged tissue in the area to be treated.
This matrix is then fixed with different adhesives, and growth factors such as PRP, hyaluronic acid and chemicals can be added to increase the potency of the stem cells.
When the appropriate conditions are met, these cells turn into chondrocytes that repair damaged tissue.
Where there are several studies You talk about greatly increasing potency in this way.
Factors related to the success of stem cell therapy, especially in the knee
The most important factor related to the success of the treatment is the selection of the patient who is suitable for the treatment in addition to the development of the techniques used, and lifestyle changes such as regular exercise and weight loss increase the longevity of the joint after the treatment.
Who can not apply stem cell joint therapy in orthopedic diseases?
- Patients who suffer from obesity Overweight with a BMI over 30.
- People who have calcification in their joints so advanced that they do not have any cartilage tissue left in the joint.
So it became necessary to have a joint replacement
- Those who have a weak immune system for various reasons.
- People with rheumatic diseases (rheumatoid disease: inflammation caused by autoimmune problems).
In which orthopedic diseases can joint stem cell therapy be applied in Turkey?
- In knee and hip calcifications andthe shoulder Hand and ankle.
- Avascular necrosis of the hip, shoulder, knee and ankle.
- Non-unconsolidated fractures caused by osteoporosis.
- In torn muscles and tendons.
Its success rate has not yet been determined, but all studies have confirmed its effectiveness in relieving the pain caused by joint roughness and increasing movement by a large percentage, but studies differed regarding the rate of joint cartilage regeneration, and this Study It was carried out by researchers specializing in bone and joint diseases, proving its effectiveness in the short term.
Some studies indicate the possibility of replacing the process Replacement of artificial joints Stem cell transplantation to treat arthritis and joint roughness in the future.
Currently, it can be performed to delay the joint replacement process as much as possible, until different methods of treating the joint appear or discover.
Bimaristan Medical Center remains your first choice for treatment in Turkey.
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We provide our services throughout Turkey, the best place to provide you with treatment is our destination.
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