Hammer toe treatment

Hammer toe treatment

Surgical treatment of hammer toe in Turkey by the best orthopedic specialists.
This deformity can cause pain and difficulty walking, and a nail may appear over the joint.
Joint stiffness, pain at the top of a bent toe, and swelling are some of the symptoms of hammer toe. This case is similar totrigger finger in hand.
If you have these symptoms, see a limb surgeon as soon as possible. It can be treated surgically in Turkey by the best orthopedic specialists.

hammer toes
hammer toes

What are hammer toes? How does it look?

Hammertoes is a term referring to joint changes involving one or more toes.
The toe is shaped like a hammer with the toe pointing upward rather than lying flat.
This deformity occurs because the muscles in the foot or leg weaken and the tendons of the tip of the toe are abnormally pulled.
There may also be a corn on top of the deformed toe, which can be painful. It may also be difficult to move the affected toe.

What is the difference between hammer toes, hammer toes, and claw toes?

Each of your feet has 28 bones. Of your five fingers, the first toe (or "big toe") has two joints: the metatarsophalangeal joint and the metatarsophalangeal joint. The other four contain three joints: at the base of your toe is the metatarsophalangeal joint (first joint), in the middle is the proximal phalanx joint (second joint) and closest to the tip or nail is the distal phalanx joint (third joint).

Hammer toes are sometimes confused (Hammertoes) with hammer fingers (mallet toes) and claw fingers (Clawtoes). But there are differences between them:

Clawtoes: are the bends in the joints of the first and second toes.

Hammertoes: The bend is in the joint of the second (or middle) toe.

Mallet toes: The bend in the third toe joint.

Types of hammer toes
Types of hammer toes

What are the types of hammer toes?

There are three types of hammer toes:

  • Flexible hammer toes: Flexible hammer toes are still developing, so affected toes can still move around at the joint.
  • Semi-rigid: The hammer toe has begun to harden.
  • Hard Hammer Toes: Here the rigid hammer can no longer move because of the tension in the tendons and soft tissues.

Likely to get hammer toes?

Those who wear high heels and unsupportive shoes are more likely to develop hammer toe.

Does hammer toe hurt?

Attempting to move the joint may cause pain, and you may feel pain in the sole of your foot.
Calluses and calluses can also be uncomfortable.

Hammer toe treatment in Turkey
Hammer toe treatment in Turkey

Is hammer the same as tumors?

No, a bunion is a bump that forms on the outside of your big toe.

Can a hammer cause numbness?

There is no direct association between hammer toe and numbness.

Symptoms and causes of hammer toe

What causes hammer toe injuries?

The abnormal balance of the muscles in your toe can put extra stress on your tendons and joints, causing hammer toe. Causes of this muscle imbalance include:

  • Genes: The type of foot you were born with may predispose you to developing this type of joint deformity. Flat, flexed feet can lead to hammer toes where the foot tries to settle against a flat arch. Feet with high arches can also form hammer toes where the extensor tendons override the flexors.
  • Poor shoes: Shoes that are too narrow and ill-fitting, such as high heels, have little or no support. High heels put a lot of pressure on the toes and their joints. That is why more cases of hammer toe are found in women than in men.
  • Neuromuscular diseases: Neuromuscular diseases can contribute to the development of hammer toe. People with diabetes may be more likely to develop complications. For them, a toe with corns or another sore indicates a lot of pressure on the toes. In people with diabetes with poor blood flow or neuropathy, infected corns and lesions can lead to toe or foot loss unless their shoes are modified.
  • Trauma: Injury to your toe can rarely result in hammer toe.

What are the symptoms of hammer toes?

Symptoms of hammer toe include:

  • A joint in your toe becomes stiff.
  • Pain - usually at the top of your bent finger.
  • Pain in the ball of your foot.
  • Calluses and calluses at the top of your joint.
  • Redness, inflammation or burning sensation.
  • Restricted or painful movement of your toe joint.
  • swelling in your joint;
  • Open sores (rare).
Hammer toe formation in children
Hammer toe formation in children

What makes hammer toe worse?

Hammertoes can worsen over time, especially with shoes that are unsupportive and have tight tendons.

Diagnostics and tests

How is hammer toes diagnosed?

Your regular doctor may recognize hammer toe right away. He may also send you to a podiatrist, or a foot and ankle surgeon, for an accurate diagnosis. The doctor will do a physical exam including touching and moving your foot and toes to see how the joints interact. Your toes may need an X-ray.

If you have diabetes, you may have to undergo tests to see if a neurological condition is causing the tendon malfunction.

Management and treatment of hammer toe in Turkey

How are hammer toes treated? How is it corrected?

Hammer toe treatments include:

  • Surgery: Your doctor may recommend surgery if the pain is severe, if your hammer toe is an impediment to your daily activities, and/or non-surgical treatments haven't helped.
    During surgery, the surgeon may remove the bony protrusion from your toe and align the joint, or insert a steel pin to correct the position of your toe.
  • Custom Shoe Inserts / Orthotics: They can control how your foot works.
  • Pain relief: Take anti-inflammatory medications or take cortisone injections to relieve pain.
  • Tie your toes: This can alter muscle imbalance.
  • Insulating padding: Padding around the hammer toe can reduce pressure.

What are the risks of hammer toe surgery in Turkey?

The risks of surgery include:

  • infection.
  • bleeding.
  • nerve injury;
  • tetanus;

Will I be discharged from the hospital after the surgery?

In private clinics, you will not spend the night in the hospital.

How long does it take to recover from surgery?

You may feel stiffness and see some swelling and redness for four to six weeks.

What should I do during recovery from hammer toe surgery?

Don't use your toes often during the healing period. And keep your feet up.

Before and after surgery
Before and after surgery

Hammer toe prevention

Can hammer toes be prevented? How can I reduce my risk?

  • Wear proper shoes: If you don't want to undergo surgery to repair your hammer toe, try non-medical padding along with wider and deeper fitting shoes to fit the shape of your foot. Good shoes can slow the progression of the condition.
  • Use a pumice stone: A corn that forms on top of a hammer toe can cause discomfort when wearing shoes. Use a file or a pumice stone after a warm bath to reduce the size of a corn. Then apply moisturizers to keep the area soft and supple. Use silicone or mole pads over the area when wearing shoes.
  • Do foot exercises: A podiatrist can suggest exercises for your toes to keep them flexible and strengthen the muscles that move them. Stretching, then twisting, spraying and moving the toes individually may help prevent contractures that cause hammer toe.
  • Ask your healthcare provider to refer you to a podiatrist (a doctor who specializes in the feet) if you begin to see or feel any problem.

A look at the treatment of hammer toe

Will hammer toes affect walking?

Joint deformity and calluses can lead to pain and therefore can limit your activity.

What should I do while recovering from hammer toe surgery in Turkey?

Don't use your toes often during the healing period. And keep your feet up.

How long will I have hammer toes? Are they permanent?

The consequences can gradually get worse without treatment, so they will always be there.

Can hammer toes go away?

Hammer toe symptoms do not go away without treatment. So see your healthcare provider as soon as you notice symptoms.

Living With Hammer Toe

How do I take care of hammer toes? Are there home remedies?

Although nothing should replace the expertise of a podiatrist, you can try the following to reduce discomfort:

  • Reduce pressure on the area by applying a pad shaped like a mallet finger.
  • Wear shoes with ample toe room.
  • Avoid heels longer than two inches.
  • Apply an ice pack if there is swelling.
  • Wear loose-fitting shoes.

What does living with hammer toes look like?

People with hammertoe have trouble walking and running. And they get calluses on their deformed toe.

How can I take care of my feet?

Take care of your feet by wearing shoes that are half an inch longer than your longest toe.
Avoid tight shoes, especially high-heeled shoes.

In the event that I visit the doctor, what questions should I ask him?

  • Is this articular deformity a hammer toe, claw, or hammer toe?
  • What kind of hammer do I have?
  • What is the cause of hammer toe?
  • What type of treatment do I need?
  • Are there any home remedies I can try?
  • Can you recommend any shoes? Or are there shoes I should avoid?


If you are planning for treatment in Turkey
you can talk to us here.

If you are planning for treatment in Turkey
you can talk to us here.