drug-addiction treatment
}7 November, 2021
jDr.. Muhannad Al-Khatib

drug addiction treatment

}7 November, 2021
jDr.. Muhannad Al-Khatib

drug addiction treatment

Table of Contents

    There is no doubt that drug addiction is one of the most dangerous and most prevalent diseases of the current era, especially among young people. Currently, special centers have been found in Turkey for the management and treatment of drug addiction.

    What is addiction?

    Addiction is defined as the inability to stop doing a certain action even though the act causes physical, psychological or social harm to the sufferer.
    This action may include the use of tangible substances such as smoking, drugs and alcohol.
    Or another behavioral act that does not involve tangible substances, such as addiction to gambling or sex.

    In other medical terms, addiction is defined as a chronic, treatable functional disorder in the reward system or incentives in the brain, so the sufferer’s brain becomes dependent on a specific act in order to obtain the desired pleasure.

    Drug Addiction

    addiction

    Signs of a drug addict

     Symptoms of drug addiction that may appear on the addict are:

    • Desire to take the drug daily or more than once a day
    • Continuing to take the drug for too long
    • Buy large quantities of real estate and carry it with him wherever he goes
    • Mood changes such as irritability and anger
    • Psychological symptoms such as depression and anxiety are observed in the addict
    • Inability to sleep and excessive thinking (insomnia)
    • Sudden behavioral change such as introversion and social isolation for a period of continuous days
    • Lack of interest in oneself and outward appearance
    • Urgent need for money to buy the drug
    •  Sudden weight loss or gain
    • Eye redness and dilated or constricted pupils
    • Dental and skin problems due to continuous use.

    The most addictive drug

    There are some drug groups available in pharmacies that may cause drug addiction if they are used unjustly and without medical advice. Therefore, drug addiction is not only limited to illegal narcotic substances. Let us know about the most common types of addiction-causing groups:
     

    Alcohol

    Alcohol is one of the most addictive substances in case of excessive use of it. The sources of alcohol vary, the most famous of which are wine and wine drinks. Heavy alcohol consumption is associated with poor balance and ability to think, in addition to problems at the level of the liver. Heavy consumption is known to consume more than 4 cups for a man and 3 cups for a woman per day. .
     

    benzodiazepam

    From the drug groups that are used in calming and sedation, used to treat psychological disorders such as severe anxiety and panic attacks.
    The necessary dose may be increased if the drugs are taken for a long time (the phenomenon of drug tolerance).
    Some examples of benzodiazepam (lorazepam and diazepam).
     

    opium

    It is one of the medicines used to relieve and relieve acute or chronic pain. It is considered an effective medicine if it is used according to the doctor’s instructions.
    Opioids pose a risk of addiction if they are used indiscriminately in high doses without consulting a doctor.
    An opiate addict pretends to be doctor shopping, where the addict visits doctors over and over again and pretends to be in pain in an attempt to get opiates.
    Some examples are opiates (morphine, codeine, tramadol).
     

    marijuana

     Or as it is known as hashish, it is extracted from herbs, specifically the cannabis plant, which is dried and wrapped to be smoked. This substance can be associated with weak brain functions and lung problems.
     

    cocaine

    One of the most widely used and most effective narcotics, which is usually taken by inhalation, one of its side effects is severe weight loss and nasal damage caused by irritation of the nose by inhalation.
     
     

    heroin

    It is one of the strongest narcotic substances on the surface of the earth and the most harmful to health. A derivative of morphine is associated with serious complications and skin ulcers in place of prolonged use.
     

    meth

     A narcotic and deadly substance, its scientific name is metametafine. This element can be manufactured from lithium batteries, and as a result, the manufacture of the substance can be associated with a high risk.
     

    sleeping pills

    Patients with insomnia use sleeping pills to help sleep, but in the event of heavy use of pills and an increase in the dose without consulting a doctor, patients may develop a dependence on these pills, gradually increasing the dose and falling into the trap of addiction to those pills.
     

    Why are drugs used?

    You may have wondered why an addict in the first stage resorts to taking drugs that put his life in health and legal danger.
    In fact, the first reason that prompts a person to start his story with drugs is “experience,” meaning that he wants to experience the drug, he wants to experience the temporary euphoria that these drugs give him, and soon after several “experiments” the person turns into a prisoner of this poison The crawl.
    Another reason related to the initiation of drug abuse is depression and extreme sadness that pushes its owner to try to escape from the reality in which he lives to feel a false euphoria or happiness given him by the drug.
    In many cases, an ill-advised prescription, especially one that contains opiates, can be the primary cause of addiction. When the doctor prescribes high doses of opiates to the patient for several reasons, the patient may develop a drug dependence phenomenon.

    Drug addiction treatment in Turkey

    The first step in treating drug addiction is recognizing the existence of a type of addiction to a particular substance and realizing the negative effects that that substance causes on the affected person.
    This is followed by the patient's desire to stop using. When there is a desire and will to quit drugs, the methods and steps of treatment can be discussed with the patient.
    The methods of approach and treatment differ according to different patients, according to the substance taken, the severity of the addiction, and the degree of response to treatment. Let us know the stages and steps of addiction treatment:

    Detoxification

    The phase of detoxification is defined as the cessation of drug use to allow the human body, specifically the liver, to remove the remaining toxins from the effects of the drug while managing the withdrawal symptoms of the drug from the body.
    In the event of stopping the use of a drug after addiction for a certain period, effects that may be dangerous on the patient appear. Therefore, a doctor should be consulted before starting to withdraw the substance. We mention the symptoms andEffects of sudden substance withdrawal  :
    • Irritability and extreme irritability
    • Nausea, vomiting and excessive sweating
    • Mood and appetite changes
    • Insomnia and frequent shivering
    • In severe cases, symptoms such as hallucinations and seizures may be seen epilepsy and delirium
    Therefore, the stage of withdrawing the substance must be carried out in special centers under the supervision of doctors.

    Psychotherapy sessions

    In fact, psychotherapy sessions are one of the most important ways to help treat addiction in the post-detoxification stage. Sessions can be individually with a psychiatrist working to motivate the sufferer and solidarity with him on his way to quit addiction.
    Or it can be in the form of groups so that the patient is encouraged and motivated and has social relations with his peers and realizes that he is not alone in the battle to quit drugs. Psychotherapy sessions help by changing the patient’s view of the drug and by giving the patient a dose of attention and helping him to avoid returning to his addiction. The reasons that may be discussed are discussed It leads to a return to addiction (stimulants) for the patient to be avoided. If the patient feels the desire to use when hanging out with his addicted friends, the patient is advised to stay away from them.
    Psychological support drug addiction treatment

    psychological support

    drug therapy

    Medicines, along with psychotherapy sessions, play a role in recovery from addiction, helping to relieve the symptoms of sudden withdrawal of the substance and help improve mood and prevent the patient from returning to abuse.

    The medications given vary according to the addictive substance. We review the most important medications:

    lofexidineIt is one of the medicines used to reduce the patient's desire and help in quitting opiate abuse such as morphine.

    acamprosateThis medicine is used to help with alcohol withdrawal, as it reduces the long-term symptoms of alcohol withdrawal such as anxiety and insomnia, and improves the mood of the patient in the recovery stage.

     

     deep brain stimulation

    from advanced technologies In the field of neurosurgery, where a small device is implanted that releases electrical charges to stimulate specific areas of the brain, and in the case of drug addiction treatment, the areas of the brain responsible for feeling satisfied after taking the drug can be stimulated, called the nucleus accumbens, which It leads to the cessation of the craving to use the drug.
     

    rehabilitation programs

    Long-term rehabilitation programs aim to ensure the patient's full recovery and re-entry into social life, as these programs have proven to be highly effective.
    There are specialized centers in this field that help the patient who quit drugs by not returning to use again, and secure the environment surrounding the patient and provide the necessary medical and psychological assistance.
     

     Addiction treatment centers in Turkey

    Turkey is famous for having specialized centers for the treatment of drug addiction, where the appropriate environment is provided for patients to recover and rehabilitate within the communities, and conducting individual or group psychological sessions that help treat the causes of drug addiction in patients, help them get rid of addiction and provide them with the necessary support.
    Turkish drug treatment clinics are distinguished by providing the latest treatment methods and a team of doctors with experience in treating addicts and helping them in their recovery journey.

    Bimaristan Medical Center is your first choice For treatment in Turkey.
    We guide you to the best expert specialists in all departments.
    We facilitate the language of communication between you and everyone through specialized Arab doctors who will help you communicate with your doctor.
    We help you secure the right treatment and high-end service in the most modern hospitals and medical centers in Turkey.
    We provide our treatment services extensively and precisely.
    We accompany you step by step towards recovery.
    Free consultations around the clock.
    do not hesitate Contact usBimaristan, your family center in Turkey.
     

    Drug addiction complications

    If the addict does not seek help, drug addiction may be associated with many problems and complications, including:
    • Involvement in extralegal activities such as violence and often theft
    • The spread of infection among addicts due to the use of contaminated syringes, the addict can become infected with AIDS or hepatitis
    • The addict turned into a homeless person as a result of selling all his possessions to obtain drugs
    • Doing reckless activities such as driving a car while high after taking drugs
    • Self-harm or suicidal thoughts may eventually lead to suicide
    • Family problems, problems within the workplace, and a problem communicating with people.
      drug addiction complications

      drug addiction complications

     

    Risk factors that increase the risk of addiction

    Everyone is exposed to the risk of addiction of all ages and conditions. A rich person may be exposed to drug addiction despite the availability of entertainment means for him. A poor person, despite his poor financial conditions, may be exposed to drug abuse, so he may resort to theft in order to secure these materials.
    According to studies, there are a number of factors that may increase the risk of infection in the public, including:
     

    Having a previous family injury

    The reason for this may be due to genetic causes and factors that play a role in the mechanism. The presence of a first-degree relative who is addicted to drugs increases the risk of addiction among his relatives, or the reason may be due to the influence of family members on each other.
     

    psychological diseases

    People with mental disorders such as depression, attention deficit disorder, or post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are at greater risk of substance abuse and addiction.
    Patients resort to narcotics as a way to relieve their reality, but the situation soon gets worse.
     

    Age

    Young people, especially adolescents, are more at risk of addiction. This can be due to psychological and hormonal changes and the pressures they are going through, in addition to the ease with which they are influenced by their friends and the environment that surrounds them.
     

    Weak parental control

    The weakness of the bond and the relationship between parents and children increases the risk of exposure of the young person, especially the adolescent, to narcotics, and the same applies to parental control.
     

    High-strength drug

    In the case of taking a drug with a strong effect, such as cocaine or heroin, the risk of addiction increases due to the severity of the drug's effect.

    prisons

    Drug abuse is common in prisons, where the prison is considered an environment in which drugs spread among prisoners, and according to studies, one out of every 3 prisoners used drugs at least once during his sentence in prison.
     

    Prevention of drug addiction

     The best way to treatment is prevention, and prevention is done by staying away as much as possible from these substances and their abuse and from the promoters of these substances.
    Avoid taking high doses of medication without consulting your doctor, especially pain relievers such as morphine or combinations that may cause addiction.

    If you are a father and you have teenage children, talk to them. Make sure to maintain a good relationship between you. Sit with your children. Communicate with them well and explain to them the dangers of engaging in these activities.
     

    Statistics about drug addiction

    Many studies around the world have included the negative impact of drug addiction, including:

    some Statistical studies conducted in the USA:

    • About 20 million adults suffered from a substance use disorder in 2017
    • 74% of people with drug use abuse also had alcohol dependence
    • 1 in 8 people suffers from drug or alcohol addiction or both
    • In 2017, 8.5 million Americans suffered from mental illness in addition to drug addiction and abuse
    • The costs of drug abuse and addiction in America total more than $740 billion annually and include drug costs, health care and the cost of addiction-related crime
    According to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, a quarter of a billion people have used a drug at least once in their life, which is the equivalent of 5% of the world's population.
    We refer to some figures for this study published by the United Nations Office in 2015:
    • 12 million people use intravenous (intravenous) drugs
    •  1.6 million injecting drug users have been infected with HIV
    • 6.1 million people who inject drugs have hepatitis C
    • 1.3 million drug users have both HIV and hepatitis
    • For injecting drug users, deaths from hepatitis outnumber those from HIV
    In fact, the negative impact of drug abuse extends not only on the health level of individuals, but also goes beyond that to affect the economic level of countries. Studies indicate that drug abuse has a major role in weakening the economic growth of countries, especially developing countries. Therefore, detection and combating drug trafficking has an important role in improving the quality of life. for the state as a whole.
    Organized groups or gangs are active to promote and sell drugs, and this type of gang is the most prevalent in Europe.
     
     
     

    Frequently asked questions about drug addiction treatment 

    How is drug addiction treated in Turkey?

    Drug addiction is treated in Turkey within special addiction treatment centers that provide the necessary environment to quit addiction, in addition to the presence of experienced psychiatrists in dealing with patients

    second answer

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