Bronchoscopy is an important procedure to assess the integrity of the airway and lungs and may be used for therapeutic purposes. Turkey provides the latest bronchoscopy devices at the lowest costs.
How to perform a bronchoscopy
Bronchoscopy is done using a special endoscope which is a thin tube equipped with a lamp and a camera at the bottom. The doctor inserts the tube either through the mouth or through the patient's nose down into the trachea until it reaches the lungs.
Through the video screen, the doctor can look at the larynx and vocal cords, in addition to the bronchi, and down to the small bronchial branches inside the lungs. The doctor looks for abnormal changes such as the presence of bleeding, a foreign body, or a tumor, in addition to inflammation in the bronchial tubes.
not limited Bronchoscopy On the diagnostic role only, but through the bronchoscope, it is possible to perform therapeutic maneuvers, so the doctor can, for example, remove a foreign body or take a sample from the airways for microscopic examination, and it is also possible to stop bleeding if it is present through a device called thermal coagulation.
The patient does not feel any pain during the endoscopy as he is under anesthesia.
When do we need to perform a bronchoscopy?
In fact, bronchoscopy is usually done to look for respiratory problems and may be used to treat them. Among the most important reasons that make a doctor use a bronchoscope are:
- An abnormal chest x-ray
- Persistent coughing or hemoptysis (coughing up blood)
- presence of bronchoconstriction
- Diagnosis of respiratory bronchitis
- Removal of foreign bodies or mucus blocking the bronchi
- Take a biopsy if there is any doubt of Lung Cancer
- Performing therapeutic procduers such as stopping the bleeding or placing a stent to secure the respiratory way
- Examination of the lymph nodes near the lung
Types of bronchoscopes
Two basic types of bronchoscopes are used, and they are as follows:
The flexible endoscope is used more commonly than the rigid endoscope. The flexible bronchoscope can reach great distances even to small branches within the lungs, and through this endoscope the following treatment procdeurs can be performed:
- Suctioning mucus from the airways
- Respiratory tissue sampling
- implanting drugs directly into the lung
- putting respiratory support device
- diagnosis Bronchial diseases
It has the shape of a straight tube and does not reach distant like a flexible endoscope. It is often used for therapeutic reasons. When we need to look at the bronchi, we use a flexible endoscope. Through the rigid endoscope, the following therapeutic procduers can be performed:
- stop bleeding
- Removal of foreign bodies from the airways
- Laparoscopic removal of large amounts of mucus secretions from the airways
- Placing stunts in the respiratory tract
- Removal of lesions within the airways
The latest bronchoscopy methods in Turkey
Recently, new techniques have been developed in the field of bronchoscopy in Turkey, as Turkey provides the latest treatment methods at the lowest possible costs. Among the modern methods of bronchoscopy in Turkey are:
Super Dimension® System
It is one of the modern techniques in the field of bronchoscopy, which relies on the electromagnetic scope that has a better diagnostic capacity than the regular device, as it is possible through this device to reach distant places within the lung.
In addition to that, through the electromagnetic bronchoscope, better therapeutic procdeurs can be performed, such as removing small lesions from the bronchi easily, and this device allows for early detection of bronchial cancer as well. Of course, this advanced technology is associated with fewer complications than endoscopy with the regular device.
Preparation before bronchoscopy
The doctor who will conduct the examination will give you some instructions on how to prepare before performing the bronchoscopy, for example, you should not eat or drink for about 4 to 8 hours before the procedure.
The doctor will also ask you about the medications you are taking, some medications, such as blood thinners, should be stopped before the bronchoscopy for a period of time specified by the doctor.
It is preferable to take someone from your family with you, in order to drive you home after completing the bronchoscopy, as the effect of anesthesia may prolong for some time after the bronchoscope.
Bronchoscopy can be done in a hospital or outpatient clinic by a specialist pulmonologist. Bronchoscopy takes about 30 to 45 minutes and the whole procedure from preparation to full recovery from anesthesia takes about four hours.
During the bronchoscopy procedure, the patient lies with his head slightly elevated, and he is connected to the devices needed to monitor the patient's oxygenation and other vital signs, and an intravenous route is secured.
The patient remains awake during the surgery, and medications are given to help relax, in addition to anesthesia of the nose and mouth areas.
Then a bronchoscope is inserted to check the the bronchi or to make a therapeutic intervention, depending on the case. The patient may feel a little uncomfortable during the insertion of the endoscope, and the patient can breathe normally during the endoscopy. After completing the examination, the bronchoscope is withdrawn.
After the bronchoscopy procedure, the patient remains under observation for a few hours. The patient may be a little confused after the completion of the endoscopy because the effect of the anesthesia has not gone away. The mouth area remains under the influence of local anesthesia for a few hours after the procedure. Therefore, the patient is asked to avoid eating or drinking to avoid food entering the airway. air.
When the effect of the anesthesia around the mouth is gone, then you can start drinking a small amount of water and then gradually eating light food. You may feel a little uncomfortable after endoscopy, a slight pain in the throat and a cough. You do not need to worry. This is normal, and it will go away after a while automatically, and drinking warm water may help. in alleviating these symptoms.
Your doctor will tell you when you can return to your previous diet and resume your daily activities. The doctor will share with you the results of the bronchoscopy after the effect of the anesthesia wears off. He may schedule another appointment for you in order to discuss the results so that you regain better consciousness.
Bronchoscopy is considered a safe procdeur, but any medical intervention can have some possible complications, including:
- Bronchial perforation
- Pectoral wind
- Irritation of the vocal cords or the respiratory tract