Endotracheal surgery in Turkey

Tracheal surgery

The best endotracheal surgery centers in Turkey that treat many diseases such as congenital or acquired tracheal stenosis caused by benign or malignant tumors.

What is tracheal surgery?

treat surgery trachea A variety of diseases Disorders and conditions that affect function tracheostomy; This includes airway obstruction, cancerous and noncancerous tumors, and laryngeal problems. can surgery trachea Restore breathing function and improve the quality of life for people with diseases trachea common or rare.

start trachea In the neck just below the larynx and continuing down and behind the sternum. divided trachea into two smaller tubes called the right and left bronchial tubes to supply air to each lung. consist trachea of muscles, connective tissues, and rings of hardened cartilage. It also has a lining of moist mucous membranes. expanding trachea It shrinks a little while breathing.

surgery trachea It is a major surgery with potential risks and complications. You may have less invasive treatment options. Consider getting a second opinion about all treatment options before having surgery trachea.

Types of tracheal surgery

Tracheostomy, which is one of the traditional methods of tracheostomy
Tracheostomy, which is one of the traditional methods of tracheostomy

Include types of surgery trachea are one of the following:

  • Laryngotracheal reconstruction is where it is reconstructed and expanded trachea Using pieces of cartilage from another area or from a donor.
  • Laryngectomy and part of trachea Reconnect the two sides.
  • hole trachea And finding an opening in the front of the neck and across trachea. A tube is inserted into the opening that provides an airway for breathing and a way to remove excess lung secretions and mucus.

Why is tracheostomy performed? ?

Your doctor may recommend tracheostomy (tracheostomy) To treat a disease, disorder, or condition that affects function trachea. This surgery is not common. Your doctor will only consider using this surgery if nonsurgical treatments are ineffective. So ask your doctor about all treatment options and consider getting a second opinion.

Types that require tracheostomy (tracheostomy)
Types that require tracheostomy (tracheostomy)

Your doctor may recommend surgery trachea to treat:

  • fistulas, or abnormal connections between the esophagus andtracheostomy;
  • stenosis tracheostomy;
  • Subglottic stenosis, or narrowing of the area just below the larynx.
  • Tumors, including cancerous and noncancerous growths.

Who performs tracheal surgery??

Thoracic surgeons and otolaryngologists perform surgery tracheaThoracic surgeons specialize in the surgical treatment of diseases of the chest, including the blood vessels, heart, lungs and esophagus. Otolaryngologists specialize in the medical and surgical care of the ear, nose and throat, and conditions affecting the head and neck.

How is tracheal surgery performed??

Surgery is performed trachea in the hospital. Your surgeon can use the open or surgical method minimally invasive methodNS.

Surgical methods of tracheal surgery:

Minimally invasive surgery:

It involves inserting special tools and an endoscope through at least two small incisions in your neck or chest. An endoscope is a thin, lighted instrument with a small camera. The camera transmits pictures trachea to a TV screen. The surgeon sees your windpipe on a monitor during the procedure. Minimally invasive surgery generally involves a faster recovery and less pain than open surgery. This is because it causes less damage to tissues and organs. Your doctor will make small incisions instead of the larger incisions used in open surgery. Surgical tools wrap around muscle and tissue rather than cutting or dislodging them as in open surgery. Your doctor may also use a laser to help perform the minimally invasive surgery.

Open surgery:

It involves making a large incision in the front of your neck or chest. The incision may include the sternum if the surgical site is in the lower part of the trachea. Open surgery allows your doctor to see and access the surgical area directly. Open surgery generally involves a longer recovery period and more pain than minimally invasive surgery. Open surgery requires a larger incision, cutting and displacement of muscles and other tissues than minimally invasive surgery. However, open surgery may be a safer and more effective method for some patients.

Your surgeon will advise you on the procedure that's best for you and how long you'll need to stay in hospital based on your diagnosis, age, medical history, general health, and possibly your personal preferences. Ask your doctor about different tracheostomy surgeries and find out why he will use a particular type of procedure for you.

Anatomical section of the trachea (windpipe)
Anatomical section of the trachea (windpipe)

Types of Anesthesia

Your surgeon will perform surgery trachea using general anaesthesia. General anesthesia is a combination of intravenous medication and gases that make you sleep deeply and feel no pain.

What to expect on the day of tracheostomy

You may already be in the hospital before the surgery trachea Or you may go to the hospital the same day. 

What happens on the day of surgery:

  • Talk to a nurse before surgery. The nurse will do a test and make sure all the tests are required. The nurse can also answer questions and will make sure you understand and sign the surgical consent form.
  • Remove all clothing and jewelry and put on a hospital gown. It is best to leave all jewelry and valuables at home or with a family member. The surgical team will give you blankets to keep warm.
  • Talk to your anesthesiologist or nurse anesthetist about your medical history.
  • A member of the surgical team will start with an IV.
  • The anesthetist or nurse anesthetist will begin to numb you.
  • A tube will be placed in the windpipe to protect and control breathing during general anesthesia. You will not feel or remember this surgical procedure.
  • The surgical team will monitor your vital signs and other important body functions. This occurs throughout the procedure and during recovery until you are fully conscious, breathing effectively, and your vital signs are stable.

What are the potential risks and complications of endotracheal (tracheostomy) surgery??

As with all surgeries related toThoracic surgery, involving surgery trachea on risks and complications. Complications may become serious and life-threatening in some cases. Complications can develop during surgery or during the recovery phase.

General risks of surgery

General risks of surgery include:

  • Anesthetic reaction, such as allergic reaction and breathing problems.
  • Bleeding that can lead to shock.
  • blood clots;
  • infection.

Possible complications of tracheostomy

Tracheal problems are not common but can include:

  • breakdown of tissue that forms tracheostomy;
  • Perforated lung or pneumothorax. A pneumothorax is a condition in which air leaks into the space between your chest wall and the outer tissues of your lungs. This causes pain and shortness of breath.
  • Damage to the esophagus.
  • Thyroid damage. Your thyroid gland is located on either side tracheaJust below the larynx.
  • Damage to the nerves that control the larynx.
  • A scar in the windpipe that causes pain and difficulty breathing.

Reduce the risk of complications

according to Studies Complications from tracheal stenosis surgery are very rare, however
You can reduce the risk of some complications by following your treatment plan in addition to:

  • Adhere to physicians' recommendations for activities and dietary and lifestyle restrictions prior to surgery and during recovery. This includes respiratory therapy and speech therapy.
  • For female patients, inform your doctor if you are breastfeeding or if there is a possibility of pregnancy
  • Notify your doctor immediately of any concerns, such as bleeding, fever, increased pain, wound redness, swelling, or runny nose.
  • Take your medications exactly as directed.
  • Tell all members of your care team if you have any allergies.

How do I prepare for tracheostomy?

You are an important member of your health care team. The steps you take before surgery can improve your comfort and results. You can prepare for surgery trachea by:

  • Answer all questions about your medical history, allergies, and medications you are taking. This includes prescription and over-the-counter medicines, herbal remedies, and vitamins. It's a good idea to carry an up-to-date list of your medical conditions, medications, and allergies at all times.
  • Perform preoperative testing as directed. The test will vary depending on your age, health, and specific procedures. Testing before surgery may include a chest X-ray, electrocardiogram (EKG), blood tests, and other tests as needed.
  • Lose excess weight before surgery by following a healthy diet and exercise plan.
  • Not eating or drinking before surgery as directed. Your surgery may be canceled if you have eaten or drank too close to the start of the surgery because you may suffocate with stomach contents during anesthesia.
  • Stop smoking as soon as possible. Even quitting smoking for just a few days can be beneficial and can aid the healing process.
  • Take or stop medications entirely as directed. This may include not taking aspirin, ibuprofen and blood thinners. Your doctor will give you instructions about taking your medications and supplements.

Don't forget to ask these questions to your doctor

Facing surgery can be stressful. It is common for patients to forget some of their questions while visiting the doctor's office. Call your doctor about concerns and questions before surgery and between appointments.

Questions may include:

  • Why do I need surgery trachea? Are there any other options for treating my condition?
  • How long will the surgery take? When can I go home?
  • What are the restrictions that will be imposed on after surgery? When can I return to work and other activities?
  • What kind of help will I need at home?
  • What medications will I need before and after surgery? How should I take my medication?

What can I expect after tracheostomy?

Knowing what to expect can help make your path to recovery after tracheostomy surgery as smooth as possible.

How much time do you need to recover?

You will remain in the recovery room after surgery until your vital signs have stabilized. Your care team will then move you to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU). Intensive care units provide 24-hour monitoring and specialized care.

It may take a few hours for the main effects of the anesthesia to wear off and you regain consciousness. When you wake up, you may have a breathing tube in your mouth and tubes and wires attached to your body. This allows your team to monitor your vital signs, drain body fluids, take blood, and administer medications and fluids.

You will not be able to speak if you have a breathing tube. However, the care team usually removes it within 24 hours. You may have a sore throat from the breathing tube. This is usually temporary, but tell your care team if you're uncomfortable.

Once you recover, you can move to a room outside the intensive care unit. The hospital stay is usually longer after surgery trachea The open ones after the minimally invasive procedure. You will likely stay in the hospital for several days.

Recovery after surgery is a gradual process. Recovery time varies depending on the procedure, type of anesthesia, your general health, your age, and other factors. Your doctor will likely refer you to a respiratory or speech therapy program to help you recover. Full recovery takes several weeks.

Will I feel pain?

Pain control is important for a smooth recovery and recovery. There will be discomfort after surgery. Your doctor will treat your pain until you feel comfortable. Call your doctor if your pain worsens or changes because it could be a sign of complications.

Common Questions

Tracheal surgery treats diseases and disorders that affect the function of the windpipe. Such as airway obstruction, tumors and laryngeal problems.

It is performed by thoracic surgeons and otolaryngologists.

Some cases need open surgery, while others can be treated with minimally invasive surgery.

Tracheostomy, like any other surgery, involves some risks such as bleeding, blood clots and infections, in addition to special complications such as perforation of the lung, damage to the thyroid gland and damage to the nerves of the larynx.

The cost of endotracheal surgery in Turkey varies according to the type and location of the disease, as the form of the intervention varies according to the type of each case.

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