There are many causes of high blood pressure in women. Although men are more likely to have high blood pressure, high blood pressure in women is still very common.
Women develop high blood pressure most commonly during pregnancy, and the chances of developing high blood pressure increase with age. Symptoms of high blood pressure are more common in postmenopausal women.
Causes of high blood pressure in women
The causes of high blood pressure in women are many and varied, and it is necessary to know well in order to prevent the complications of high blood pressure that affect women.
Among the modifiable causes that are accused of raising the pressure in women: smoking, obesity, taking birth control pills, and excessive drinking of caffeine (coffee).
Eating a lot of foods that contain a large amount of salt causes high blood pressure, so it is always recommended to avoid increasing table salt to prevent high pressure problems.
The psychological state also plays an important role in increasing the risk of high blood pressure in women, as both anxiety and depression are classified among the risk factors accused of causing high blood pressure.
There are other unpreventable causes that increase the risk of high blood pressure in women, such as the menopause period or what is known as menopause, where the level of the female hormone (estrogen) decreases, which plays an important role in preventing high blood pressure.
Genetic factors increase the chances of developing high blood pressure in an individual. Having a family history of high blood pressure increases the risk of developing high blood pressure in a person.
also categorized diabetes Among the causes of high blood pressure in women, diabetes is a common disease that increases the likelihood of high blood pressure due to the excessive accumulation of sugar within the blood vessels.
In many cases, the cause of high pressure remains unknown and is known as primary hypertension, which is often attributed to genetic causes related to the nature of the female body.
As for high blood pressure caused by the presence of diagnosed diseases As an overactive thyroid Or kidney disease, then the condition is known as secondary hypertension.
Knowing the cause of high blood pressure helps in developing an appropriate treatment plan, as there are many medications that are used to treat high blood pressure in women.
High blood pressure is a common health problem among adults. According to the statistics of the World Health Organization, the proportion of people with high blood pressure around the world is estimated at more than one billion people with a tendency to rise.
Causes of high blood pressure during pregnancy
High blood pressure is a common thing that appears in pregnant women and should be given special attention because it may affect the health of the mother or the fetus in her womb.
High blood pressure does not necessarily lead to serious complications for a pregnant woman, but it is preferable to keep the woman under observation during pregnancy for fear of complications that affect her health or the health of the fetus inside the womb.
There are two types of high blood pressure during pregnancy, either the high pressure is pre-existing or the high pressure appeared at the beginning of pregnancy, in other words, either the cause is due to the pregnancy itself, or the woman was suffering from high pressure and then became pregnant.
in between Symptoms of high blood pressure during pregnancySevere headache, dizziness, frequent urination, nausea and vomiting, protein in urine, sudden weight gain, high blood pressure recorded several times during its measurement.
The experiences of pregnant women with high blood pressure may differ from one woman to another, as some women show symptoms of high blood pressure clearly, while the symptoms of infection do not appear in others until a late stage.
Regarding Causes of high blood pressure in pregnant women They are:
- Pregnancy for the first time
- Multiple (twin) pregnancy
- alcohol abuse
- Poor physical activity and a sedentary lifestyle
- Older age of the pregnant woman (more than 35 years)
- A family history of high blood pressure during pregnancy
- Chronic diseases such as disease diabetes
Causes of high blood pressure in postmenopausal women
The susceptibility of women to high blood pressure increases after they have passed the age of reproductive activity, and the reason lies in the decrease in estrogen levels with age, which contributes to the prevention of high blood pressure.
As women age, their chances of developing cardiovascular diseases increase, which may lead to the development of complications that increase their blood pressure.
In addition, one of the causes of high blood pressure in older women is an increase in body mass index, which is one of the causes of high blood pressure.
In addition to the above, some women may resort to hormone replacement therapy after menopause, which may cause many complications, such as high blood pressure.
Symptoms of high blood pressure for women
Most people who develop high blood pressure do not complain of any obvious symptoms, so high blood pressure has been called the silent disease.
In some cases, neurological symptoms of high blood pressure may be seen, and these symptoms are not specific or directed to high pressure, we mention the most important Symptoms of high blood pressure in women:
- headache that gets hot in the morning
- ringing in the ear
- tachycardia the patient
- Recurrent nosebleeds
- Changes in vision (such as blurring or blurring)
Diagnosis of high blood pressure
The diagnosis of high blood pressure is made by measuring pressure in the doctor's office or at home for several separate times, where the final diagnosis is not made until after 2 to 3 high blood pressure measurements are recorded, separated by at least 3 weeks between each reading.
Normal (ideal) blood pressure is as follows: systolic less than 120 and diastolic less than 80 mmHg.
An increase in systolic pressure of between 120 to 139 and diastolic pressure of between 80 and 89 mm Hg is known as premorbid hypertension or called mild hypertension.
If the systolic pressure exceeds 140 and the diastolic pressure is 90 mm Hg, the patient with high blood pressure enters here, which is classified into several degrees according to the severity of the rise.
How to treat high blood pressure in women
Controlling and maintaining blood pressure within normal limits requires healthy lifestyle modifications in addition to medication treatment prescribed by the doctor.
If the causes of high blood pressure in women are secondary Hyperthyroidism The hyperactivity problem must then be resolved in order to manage the rise in blood pressure.
But when high blood pressure is primary (idiopathic), the doctor prescribes antihypertensive drugs, which have many types.
Choosing the type of medication depends on several factors, including the patient’s health condition, in addition to the degree of high blood pressure, so it is necessary to consult a doctor before starting treatment so that he can prescribe the appropriate medication for your condition.
There are different drug groups used in the treatment of hypertension, the most important of which are:
Usually used as a first line in the treatment of high blood pressure, it works by excreting sodium and water outside the body in urine, which contributes to lowering blood pressure.
There are different types of diuretics such as thiazide and loop diuretics, in addition to potassium-sparing diuretics. communication with doctors Bimaristan center To determine the best treatment for you.
Angiotensin receptor blockers (ACE) inhibitors
One of the most commonly used medications in the treatment of pressure, it works by blocking the angiotensin receptors, which would disrupt the renin-angiotensin system, a mechanism used by the human body to raise pressure.
Examples of these medications include captopril, lisinopril, and many others.
Calcium channel blockers
These drugs work by relaxing the muscles of the blood vessels, which contributes to the reduction of blood pressure. This group is usually used to treat pressure in elderly people or when angiotensin receptor blockers do not help.
Examples include: Amlodipine, Diltazim.
beta channel blockers
These drugs work by reducing cardiac output and expanding blood vessels, which contributes to lowering blood pressure. Attention should be paid when using this drug as it is not suitable for heart patients in addition to Asthma patients.
Prevention of high blood pressure in women
The best way to prevent high blood pressure in women is by making lifestyle changes such as exercising regularly, eating a good diet, and losing weight if you are overweight.
Avoiding smoking and drinking alcohol also contributes to the prevention of high blood pressure in women. If there is a family history of high blood pressure, first-degree relatives (such as siblings) are advised to closely monitor blood pressure in order to diagnose it early.
according to to studies 1 out of 3 people who suffer from high blood pressure do not know that they have it, so it is preferable to measure blood pressure periodically to detect it early and prevent long-term complications of high pressure.