Dry mouth or dry mouth syndrome is not a disease, but rather a symptom of other conditions that lead to a decrease in the amount of saliva. You can learn about the causes and methods of treating dry mouth in Turkey through this article.
Dry mouth is more common among the elderly and is usually a side effect of some medications. People with dry mouth syndrome do not have enough saliva to keep the mouth moist.
Symptoms include cracked lips, bad breath and sticky saliva, so people with this symptom should avoid spicy foods and sugary drinks.
What are the causes of dry mouth?
Dry mouth causes include: xerostomia Possible include:
- Medicines: reported Study Many medications can cause dry mouth and throat, including antihistamines, decongestants, high blood pressure medications, anti-diarrheals, muscle relaxants, incontinence medications, some medications for Parkinson's disease, and a number of antidepressants.
- Age: Although dry mouth is not a normal part of aging, older adults tend to take more medications than other ages, and many of these medications that older adults take cause dehydration.
- Cancer treatment: Radiation therapy to the head and neck can damage the salivary glands, resulting in decreased saliva production and dry mouth. Chemotherapy can change the nature of saliva as well as how much of it the body produces.
- Injury or surgery: This can damage the nerves in the head and neck area, causing a dry mouth.
- Tobacco: Pint Study Chewing or smoking tobacco increases the risk of developing symptoms of dry mouth.
- Dehydration: This occurs due to a lack of necessary fluids.
- Exercising or playing in the heat: The salivary glands in the mouth may become dry as bodily fluids concentrate elsewhere in the body. Symptoms of dehydration are more likely if exercise or play continues for a long time.
It can also be caused by certain health conditions, diseases, and habits, such as:
- anxiety disorders
- human immunodeficiency virus (AIDS)
- Illness Parkinson's
- Uncontrolled diabetes
- Sjögren's syndrome
- Sleeping with the mouth open
- Stroke and Alzheimer's disease, which are more likely to cause a dry mouth even if the salivary glands are properly functioning
dry mouth symptoms
Dry mouth signs and symptoms may include:
- bad breath
- Cheilitis, or inflammation and cracking of the lips
- cracks in the oral mucosa or the inner lining of the cheeks and lips, where the skin at the corners of the mouth may crack or become painful
- dry mouth
- Dyspraxia or taste disorders
- Oral fungal infections such as thrush
- Frequent gum disease
- Tooth decay and dental plaque
- problems when speaking
- Swallowing and chewing problems, especially dry and crumbly foods such as crackers or cereals
- Problems wearing dentures (problems holding dentures in place), tooth ulcers and the tongue sticking to the palate
- salivary gland inflammation
- Sore throat
- sticky saliva
- tongue pain
- Increased need to drink water, especially at night
- Glossitis and tongue ulcers
- Lipstick sticks to the teeth
dry mouth control
There are many ways to keep your mouth moist and prevent persistent dry mouth symptoms, including:
- Drink non-carbonated and sugar-free liquids
- Chewing gum containing xylitol
- Using carboxymethyl cellulose mouthwash may help
- Avoid mouthwashes that contain alcohol
- Not wearing dentures while sleeping
- Eat foods like carrots or celery
- Breathing through the nose, as this does not dry out the mouth as much as when breathing through the mouth
- Using a humidifier to add moisture to the bedroom may help reduce dry mouth symptoms that occur during sleep
Individuals should avoid:
- Chewing or smoking tobacco
- Sugary foods or drinks
- Acidic foods or drinks
- dry foods
- spicy foods
- Holding matter (brains)
- Excessively hot or cold drinks
- Alcohol consumption should be minimized or avoided completely, and caffeine should be consumed in moderation.
Diagnosis of dry mouth in Turkey
The doctor or dentist will likely examine the patient's mouth, review their medical history, and order blood tests and x-rays of the salivary glands.
- Salivametry: This is a simple procedure that measures the flow rate of saliva. Collection devices are placed over the orifices of the salivary glands, and saliva production is stimulated with citric acid.
- Radiography: A radiographic examination of the salivary glands and salivary ducts, which may be useful in determining the presence of stones and masses of the salivary glands.
- Biopsy: A small sample of salivary gland tissue is often used to diagnose Sjögren's syndrome. If a malignancy (cancer) is suspected, the doctor may also order a biopsy.
Many doctors report that often, although the patient complains of severe dryness in the mouth, the oral mucosa appears wet, and the opposite may occur where the oral mucosa appears dry but the individual does not complain of symptoms of dry mouth.
Dry mouth treatment in Turkey
Dry mouth treatment depends on several factors such as whether the person has an underlying medical condition or disease or is taking certain medications that may cause dry mouth. If an underlying cause is found, steps must be taken to reduce its effect.
Dry mouth treatment with medication: If it is believed that dry mouth is caused by a particular medication, the doctor will either change the dose or prescribe another medication with less dry mouth effect.
Treating dry mouth by stimulating saliva production: Some medications may be prescribed to stimulate saliva production such as pilocarpine or cevimeline.
Experts say dry mouth treatment typically includes four areas:
- Increase saliva flow
- Compensation for lost secretions
- Tooth decay control
- Specific measures such as treating infections
A person with dry mouth should pay special attention to oral and dental hygiene, and this includes removing dental plaque, treating gum infections, infections and tooth decay, in addition to brushing and flossing regularly.