Burn treatment: degrees of body burns and their treatment at home
Burns treatment in Turkey

Burn treatment: degrees of body burns and their treatment at home

Burn treatment, best burn treatment, burn treatment at home, minor burns at home, mebo ointment for burns, first degree burns, how to treat burns, magic remedy for burns, mebo cream for skin burns in Turkey.

Treatment of burns and degrees of burns

The treatment of minor superficial burns (or first-degree burns), second-degree burns, and third-degree burns (and in rare cases fourth) is one of the most important topics of concern to people, given that burns are one of the most important daily household skin injuries, which the doctor must know in ways and means. In addition, the treatment of children's burns is a challenge for the doctor.

Because the methods of treatment in treating burns for children differ from those in treating burns in adults, and anyone must be familiar with first aid for burns and learn how to treat burns at home from applying cold water to using ointments (such as MEBO ointment). The burn victim can apply some coolant (such as olive oil, egg white and toothpaste or even an ointment containing honey) to the burn or call an ambulance and refer the burn patient to a burn health care center in the hospital.

Burns are divided into three main classes (types) often, and the degree and severity of burns depend on the severity of the injury according to the penetration of the burn into the layers of the skin. This information and how to deal with it must be known, as the treatment of burns is related to its depth and size. These degrees are:

  • first degree: Mild (such as a sunburn), the top outer layer of skin (epidermis) turns red and is often painful at the site of the burn but does not usually ulcerate.
  • second grade: Affects the upper and lower layers of the skin (dermis and epidermis), the patient feels more pain and redness in the skin, and blisters and bubbles often form.
  • Third degree burns: A third-order burn affects all layers of the skin and layers below the skin, including the fat layer, adjacent tissues, and nerve endings. Burns require intensive medical attention and usually leave permanent scars.

There is a fourth degree burn (which is rare) which causes indescribable pain because the burn reaches the area of the tendons and muscles.

Degrees of burns: First, second and third degree burns
Degrees of burns: first, second, and third degree burns (some believe that there are four degrees and fourth degree burns extend to the muscle and bone tissue)

Common causes of burns 

There are many causes of burns and they are almost innumerable, and most of these reasons are responsible for light and superficial small burns.

Thermal sources are the most common causes of burns of all kinds. Fire, hot liquids (boiling water), steam and contact with hot surfaces are the most common causes of burns in the world.

There are other, less common causes, but they are often more dangerous and differ in their depth (i.e. the depth is related to the source of the burn, including:

  • Chemical causes: caustics, building materials and detergents.
  • Radiographic causes: Laser burns (laser hair removal) and sunlight.
  • electrical burns;
  • some toxins poison.
People are exposed daily to these causes, and the doctor must use the best treatments appropriate to the type and degree of the burn, and he must work to quickly manage special serious burns, the most dangerous of which are chemical ones.

Burn complications 

Deep third-degree burns that affect a large part of the patient's skin are very serious and can be life-threatening. Even first- and second-degree burns can become infected and cause skin discoloration and scarring, but in the usual case first-degree burns do not cause any scarring.
Possible complications of third (or second) degree burns include:
  • Arrhythmia, or heart rhythm disturbances caused by an electrical burn.
  • Dehydration if the burn covers large areas of the body.
  • A sharp drop in body temperature.
  • Breathing problems as a result of inhaling hot air or smoke.
  • Scars distorting the shape and greatly affecting the patient's life, and skin adhesions that distort the general shape of the body.
  • Uncontrolled muscle spasms, and problems using joints if the skin over them is burned.
  • Edema (increased fluid and tissue swelling).
  • Failure of some organs in the body, in addition to generalized infections, especially in the lung (pneumonia).
  • A dangerous drop in blood pressure may result in shock.
  • Severe infections may necessitate amputation of the affected organ, or infection may be transmitted and sepsis may occur.

Pictures of burns of various degrees

Pictures of first-degree burns that are superficial and red
First degree burns: These are burns that result from sunburn or teapot burns. They do not leave any scars and disappear after a short period.
Pictures of second-degree burns, usually blistering or exfoliating
Second-degree burns usually present with blisters that should not be extruded in order not to stink and leave permanent buds
Pictures of third-degree burns showing the black color of the burn
Third-degree burns, where the treatment is carried out by moving the skin from one place to another using several methods to take skin grafts and transplant them to the place of the burn

First aid for burns and treatment of minor burns at home

The treatment of minor burns (treatment of burns of the first and second degree) is simple compared to the treatment of burns of higher degrees.
A protocol for treating these burns is usually used and this protocol is Easy The nurse or even the companion can apply it and we mention some notes and steps on how we treat minor burns at home:


  • First, cool the burn with water by placing the burned area under a stream of moderately cold water (not cold to freezing, as many people mistake) for 10 minutes. .
  • Remove rings or other tight objects from the burned area. Try to do this quickly and gently before the area swells.
  • The bubbles formed in second-degree burns should not be burst. If this occurs, an antibiotic ointment should be applied to the area for fear of infection, as the blisters (bullae) help protect against infection.
  • After the burn has cooled, apply burn ointments as MEBO ointment to treat burns where showed A study The effectiveness of MEBO cream in relieving the symptoms of burns and serious wounds after operations, especially pain, or Avo mep ointment to treat burns (ointment can be applied CineMep Plus For first-degree burns), this helps prevent dehydration and provides relief from pain.
  • Put a bandage on the injury site, make sure that the bandage is clean, wrap the bandage loosely to avoid pressure on the burned skin area.
  • If necessary (in case of severe pain), the patient can take an over-the-counter pain reliever, such as ibuprofen, naproxen sodium or acetaminophen (Tylenol, others).
  • For sunburn, Aloe Vera cream can be applied.
  • It is advised not to cool the burns with household materials, honey, eggs, or other materials.
  • The use of cotton on burns should be avoided so that it does not stick to the sterile gauze.
Treatment of second-degree burns with ointment
Treat second-degree burns with ointment. No paste or powder that is not intended for burns should be used.

Treatment of serious and widespread burns

The treatment of these burns is a complex matter, and the basic treatment is carried out in the hospital by specialized doctors, but those accompanying the injured can relieve complications and symptoms if they act correctly and contribute to the treatment process. We recommend taking the following steps:

An ambulance should be called immediately in the event of serious burns from the dustHeart Third, chemical or electrical burns, even if it seems that the injury is not serious, as the internal injury is severe and the injured will enter serious complications in the absence of prompt treatment and management for the burn.

Make sure that the patient is able to breathe, otherwise start CPR, and remove the patient from the scene of the accident and the cause so that you do not get injured or the patient's condition worsens.

Remove everything that the patient wears in the area of the injury and cover its place with sterile gauze. Try to make the area of injury higher than the level of the heart, and watch the patient for fear of shock until the ambulance arrives.

 Occupational surgery and occupational therapy

The self-healing of serious burns often leaves extensive scarring, muscle problems and limited joint movement by scarring and tight skin.

Therefore, doctors resort to plastic surgeries, skin transplants and some other operations to treat the effects of burns following extensive and serious burns that affect the patient's life.

One of these procedures is intubation, which is very important in the event of a facial burn and may save the patient's life, because after the burn, swelling of the respiratory tracts occurs and occurs tracheal stenosis Which blocks it and enters the patient with respiratory distress that may lead to his life.

A feeding tube can also be placed directly into the patient's stomach due to the difficulty of eating due to the presence of edema.

A wide scar can form on the chest, and the doctor will then remove this scar and transplant new skin in its place.

After the patient’s condition is stabilized, we then think about plastic surgery and skin grafts in case there are deformities or significant skin loss.

Follow-up and recovery after treatment

Minor burns are simple to treat, and we are satisfied with home treatment and water, and they recover quickly without leaving any scars or other complications.
Serious burns with a wider spread need more monitoring and care and change of dressings frequently.
The patient can also be given a tetanus vaccine for fear of muscle tetany, and sedative and pain-relieving medications are prescribed by the doctor.
The results of plastic surgeries must be monitored and psychological and emotional support provided by calming patients, especially those with deformities, reassuring them about their shape and life, and informing those accompanying them of the appropriate procedures in the event of new developments in the patient.
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  1. NHS.UK
  2. Mayoclinic
  3. ClevelandClinic
  4. WebMed
  5. HealthDirect
  6. HealthLine

Frequently Asked Questions

Mebo cream for burns is one of the best ointments used in the treatment of minor burns at home, as it has been proven to relieve symptoms and pain caused by burns.

Burns have three degrees (or four) that vary according to the depth of the burn and the extent of the injury under the skin.

Treatment depends on the degree and severity of the burn, and if there are serious complications, supportive treatment and patient monitoring remain the best solutions in most cases.

If you are planning for treatment in Turkey
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If you are planning for treatment in Turkey
you can talk to us here.