Symptoms of slow heartbeat and its definitive treatment in Turkey

Symptoms of slow heartbeat and its definitive treatment

Bradycardia is a very low heart rate, the normal heart rate in an adult is 60-100 beats per minute, bradycardia may cause symptoms that require treatment in Turkey.

slow heartbeat

The heart muscle is responsible for pumping oxygen-rich blood throughout the body through the so-called “circulation.” When the heart is not working as it should and the heart rate is less than 60 beats per minute at rest, a condition called bradycardia occurs.

Bradycardia may be physiological in some people; The normal resting human heart rate reaches 40 beats per minute in some well-fitted athletes, and the heart rate may drop below 60 beats per minute during deep sleep.

On the other hand, a slow heartbeat may indicate a danger to human life if the heart cannot secure a sufficient amount of oxygen-carrying blood to all parts of the body, then symptoms such as dizziness, fatigue and shortness of breath occur.

How does the heart maintain its rhythm?

The human heart consists of four chambers; Two upper chambers (atria) and two lower chambers (ventricles).
On the wall of the right atrium there is a group of cells that form a node called the “sinoatrial node” responsible for the regular generation of electrical signals.

These electrical signals travel through the wall of the atria, causing them to contract and push the blood towards the ventricles. The signal then travels to another node located in the center of the heart called the atrioventricular node.

The AV node plays the role of a gate that stops the signal for fractions of a second before allowing it to pass to the bundle of His and the Purkinje fibers that carry it to the wall of the ventricles to contract, thus completing the heartbeat.

The sinoatrial node is responsible for regulating the rate of heartbeat by controlling the speed of emitting electrical signals, so this node is the natural regulator of the heartbeat in humans.

Bradycardia occurs when the SA node sends signals too slowly
An image of a slow heartbeat caused by a problem with the sinoatrial node

Causes of a slow heartbeat

There are many causes and conditions that may lead to a very low heart rate and the occurrence of bradycardia. This condition increases with age, like most other heart diseases due to damage to the heart tissue. The causes of bradycardia include:

  • SA node problems such as sick node syndrome
  • Problems with the atrioventricular node or the pathways that transmit the electrical signal
  • congenital heart defects
  • Metabolic problems such as hypothyroidism
  • Heart damage from heart disease or a heart attack
  • Carditis, rheumatic fever and systemic lupus erythematosus
  • Previous heart surgery
  • Disorder of an electrolyte in the blood, such as potassium or calcium
  • sleep apnea syndrome
  • Certain medicines such as sedatives, opiates, and medicines used to treat high blood pressure andCardiac arrhythmia treatment

The causes of slow heartbeat are many and varied Bimaristan Medical Center In Turkey, by making an accurate diagnosis and knowing the cause of the slow heartbeat, to choose the optimal treatment for each case in the latest hospitals and by the most skilled doctors in Turkey.

Symptoms of slow heartbeat

A decrease in the heart rate in adults to less than 60 beats per minute leads to insufficient blood flow to the brain and the rest of the body’s organs and tissues, depriving them of the oxygen necessary to perform their normal function to the fullest. The following symptoms and signs may appear:

  • Vertigo
  • Weakness and fatigue
  • confusion
  • fainting
  • Shortness of breath or shortness of breath
  • chest pain
  • Difficulty exercising
  • Cardiac arrest (in severe cases)

If your heart rate drops below 60 beats per minute and you don't feel any of the above symptoms, don't panic, but be careful! If you have any of the symptoms of a slow heartbeat Contact us directly.

Diagnosing a slow heartbeat

After listening to your complaint, the doctor in Turkey will examine you clinically and listen to your heart rate with a stethoscope to determine your heart rate and measure your blood pressure during rest.

He may also ask you to do some tests and analyzes to try to determine the cause of the slow heartbeat and get more information about the heart's rhythm and rate, from these tests:

  • Electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG): It is the most important diagnostic test for bradycardia, as it measures the electrical activity of the heart. Your heart rate may be normal when an ECG is done in the doctor's office, even though you have symptoms. When this happens, your doctor will give you an ECG monitor within 24 hours called a monitor. Hoteler.

    In the case of bradycardia, the distance RR is prolonged on the electrocardiogram
    An image showing the difference between a normal electrocardiogram and an ECG in sinus bradycardia

  • Blood tests: Such as a complete blood count and measuring the level of sugar, electrolytes and thyroid hormones in the blood.
  • Echo heart: Which gives pictures of the shape of the heart and reveals if you have congenital heart defects.
  • sleep study: When you suspect that your breathing is interrupted during sleep.

Depending on the results of previous tests, the doctor in Turkey may perform more tests with the aim of diagnosing low heart rate and determining the exact cause of its occurrence to choose the optimal final treatment for each case.

slow heartbeat treatment

The treatment of bradycardia in Turkey depends mainly on the appearance of symptoms. Sometimes the patient does not need treatment, and sometimes bradycardia causes serious life-threatening complications.

The treatment of bradycardia may be dependent on treating the cause that led to its occurrence, such as treatment of hypothyroidism, treatment of underlying heart disease, or correction of electrolytes.

slow heartbeat treatment at home

It is possible to treat a slow heart rate with medication, but it can cause many side effects in the long term, and this often happens when bradycardia causes severe symptoms and there is no clear cause of the low heart rate that can be reversed.

The following are medicines to treat bradycardia and maintain a normal heart rate that can be given intravenously in the case of emergency bradycardia:

  • Atropine (first-line treatment)
  • dopamine
  • epinephrine
  • glycopyrrolate

It is also sometimes possible to treat a slow heartbeat with herbs such as hawthorn with its distinctive properties that help maintain a regular heart rate, in addition to plant foods, especially those rich in minerals such as magnesium, potassium and vitamins such as vitamin C found in hot peppers, which is a natural tonic for the human heart.

heart battery

If your bradycardia is severe and other methods of treating bradycardia don't work, you may be eligible for a procedure Heart battery installation process in Turkey.
Cardiac batteries are devices used to regulate the heartbeat by sending electrical signals to the heart that are usually implanted in the chest under the skin.

The pacemaker contains a battery and electrical circuit in a small metal case, as well as wires that are routed through the veins into the heart chambers. This device constantly monitors the heart rate and sends electrical signals that speed up the heartbeat whenever the heartbeat becomes slow.

The pacemaker consists of a battery, an electrical circuit in a small metal case, and wires that are routed through the veins into the heart chambers.
An image showing the shape of the heart battery used to treat a slow heartbeat

Can currently after development Treatment in Turkey Installing a wireless heart battery that sends electrical signals to the heart without the need for wires, and it has been proven effective in treating low heart rate.


Sources:

  1. American Heart Association
  2. Mayo Clinic
  3. Cleveland Clinic
  4. healthline
  5. WebMD

common questions

According to the American Heart Association, the normal resting heart rate for adults is between 60-100 beats per minute, and the heart is considered slow if the number of beats is less than 60 in one minute.

A very slow heartbeat (less than 40 beats per minute) may cause a big problem for many organs, the most important of which is the brain due to insufficient blood flow to it, and the condition may develop into sudden cardiac arrest if not treated.

If the cause of slow heart rate is determined, the treatment is to reverse the underlying cause. As for the definitive treatment of the problem of slow heart rate, it is through the process of installing a heart battery in the chest. As for drug treatment, its effect is short-term and is limited to severe and emergency bradycardia cases.

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