Stomach cancer - Symptoms and treatment methods in Turkey

Stomach cancer - Symptoms and treatment methods

Stomach cancer is a malignant tumor that affects any part of the stomach. Stomach cancer starts from the mucus-producing cells that line the inner wall of the stomach and with the progression of the disease stage; The tumor penetrates deeper into the stomach layers and may extend into the esophagus. Learn in this article about the symptoms of stomach cancer, its causes and methods of treatment in Turkey.

The stomach is part of the digestive system and is a muscular sac located after the esophagus on the left side of the body, just below the ribs. Stomach cancer, or what is known as gastric cancer, is the third most common cancer in the world after Lung Cancer orcolonAnd because of the non-distinctive symptoms of stomach cancer, its diagnosis may be delayed to advanced stages, and thus it is the second leading cause of death after cancer Lung Cancer.

What is stomach cancer?

In stomach cancer, cancer cells usually begin to grow from the inner lining of the stomach walls and then penetrate deeper into the stomach walls as the cancer develops. The tumor can grow to include nearby organs such as the liver and pancreas.

Stomach cancer is one of the most common types of cancer worldwide. The number of cases of stomach cancer has decreased over the past few decades, due to the greater use of refrigeration which has increased the availability of fresh foods without preservatives or bacterial contamination.

The most common type of stomach cancer is the adenocarcinoma that affects the lining of the stomach.

Stomach cancer is an uncontrolled proliferation of stomach lining cells that can lead to bleeding
A picture showing stomach cancer

What are the causes of stomach cancer?

The main cause of stomach cancer is a genetic mutation in the stomach cells, which causes them to grow rapidly and form a tumor. Risk factors that can increase a person's chance of developing stomach cancer include:

  • family history
  • Smoking: The harm of smoking is not limited to lung diseases, as is commonly believed Studies Smoking increases the risk of stomach cancer by 44%.
  • obesity disease
  • Helicobacter pylori infection
  • Salt-rich diet
  • Not eating enough fruits and vegetables

What are the symptoms of stomach cancer?

Symptoms of stomach cancer include:

  • persistent vomiting
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Heartburn
  • Anorexia
  • Lose weight
  • feeling tired
  • Abdominal bloating and indigestion
  • black stools
  • Abdominal pain
  • Hematemesis (in advanced stages)

How is stomach cancer diagnosed in Turkey?

Several different tests may be used to diagnose stomach cancer.

Radiological tests such as computed tomography, barium swallow and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) help diagnose the presence of the mass and, in most cases, determine its size.

The stomach tumor is clearly visible on the CT scan
CT scan showing a tumor in the stomach

At an early stage and before the mass is large enough to show up on radiological tests, upper GI endoscopy is used to take a biopsy (a sample) of tumor tissue as a means of making a diagnosis or for early detection of cancer. In this test, a thin tube with a small camera is inserted through the mouth and into the stomach, and several biopsies are taken.

To see how far the tumor has invaded the gastric wall and to help assess the "stage" of the cancer and determine the TNM, the doctor will order an endoscopic ultrasound, which is performed with a special type of endoscope equipped with an ultrasound probe. Where the endoscope is placed in the stomach through the mouth.

How is stomach cancer treated in Turkey?

There are several ways to treat stomach cancer. In the case of early diagnosis, when the cancer is confined to the surface layer of the stomach, the cancer can be removed by gastroscopy performed by a gastroenterologist. In this procedure, the tumor is isolated from the rest of the stomach wall and removed.

Once stomach cancer has invaded the surface layer, surgery will be needed to remove the stomach and connect the esophagus (the tube through which food passes) to the small intestine for digestion.

Radiation therapy and chemotherapy are also used to kill cancer cells as well. Surgery is usually combined with these two treatments together.

There are also many effective medicines to fight stomach cancer. It depends on the severity of the cancer and this is what the doctor decides after diagnosis.

What is the recovery rate for people with stomach cancer?

This percentage generally depends on the stage of the cancer. People with early-stage stomach cancer have a greater chance of survival than those with advanced:

  • If stomach cancer is found in its early stages and can be removed laparoscopically, the five-year survival rate is above 90 percent.
  • If the cancer is diagnosed after it has spread to the areas around the stomach, the five-year survival rate is 28 percent.
  • If it spreads to organs other than those surrounding the stomach, the five-year survival rate is 4 percent.

And always remember that the term survival rate refers to the survival rate, if the 5-year survival rate is 90%, then 90% of infected people will survive during the next 5 years and 10% of them will die. Of course, this does not mean that they will live for only five years.

Can stomach cancer be prevented?

Yes, stomach cancer can be prevented through the following practices:

  • The best way to prevent stomach cancer is to eat a healthy diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and red meat.
  • Maintain a healthy weight and get good exercise.
  • Avoid smoking, as it increases the risk of stomach cancer andlung orbladder many others.

Bimaristan Medical Center remains your first choice for treatment in Turkey. We direct you to the best experts in all fields. We break the language barrier. Arab specialist doctors will help you in communicating with your doctor. We help you book an appointment in the most important and modern hospitals in Turkey. We offer our services to secure hotel reservations for you and your companions in addition to transportation for transportation, We help you secure a travel visa for you for free. We provide our services throughout Turkey, the best place to provide you with treatment is our destination. We accompany you step by step towards recovery. Free consultations around the clock. Do not hesitate to contact us, Bimaristan Your Family Center in Turkey.

Frequently Asked Questions:

Yes, of course, and the recovery rate in case of early diagnosis is 70%.

According to the stage of stomach cancer at the time of diagnosis, if in its first stage it is limited to the stomach lining, the 5-year survival rate is 90%, while in the advanced stages, the survival rate does not exceed 4%.

Common symptoms of stomach cancer are vomiting, nausea, indigestion and poor appetite, weight loss, and abdominal pain.

There are several treatment methods in Turkey that differ according to the extent and stage of stomach cancer, as it is treated surgically, chemo and radiologically according to several factors determined by the specialist doctor.

People with stomach cancer may experience sudden and severe weight loss, abdominal pain, black stools and vomiting blood.

In the early stages, it reaches 90% and declines to 20% in case of delay in diagnosis and treatment.

There are many radiographic tests such as computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging and barium swallow, and gastrointestinal endoscopy is an important and basic diagnostic tool.

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